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The technology is specified by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.What is WiMax?   WiMax (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access) is a standards-based technology enabling the delivery of last mile wireless broadband access as an alternative to cable and DSL..16 standard. . as the IEEE 802.

portable and. Mobile network deployments provide up to 15 Mbps of capacity within a typical cell radius deployment of up to three kilometers.WiMax Technology    WiMAX is to provide fixed . eventually. nomadic. In a typical cell radius deployment of three to ten kilometers. WiMAX systems can deliver capacity of up to 40 Mbps per channel. . mobile wireless broadband connectivity without the need for direct line-of-sight (LOS) with a base station. for fixed and portable access applications.


WiMax is not intended to replace Wi-Fi. WiMax is intended to work outdoors over long distances. carrierclass reliability.Relation of Wi-Fi and WiMax     WiMax eliminates the constraints of Wi-Fi. WiMax is a more complex technology and has to handle issues of importance such as QoS guarantees. Unlike Wi-Fi. Instead. NLOS. the two technologies complement each other. .

WiMax is well suited to offer both fixed and mobile access .

. where a fixed antenna points straight at the WiMax tower from a rooftop or pole.Non-LOS. with ranges reaching a possible 66 GHz. . Uses higher frequencies.LOS. where a small antenna on a computer connects to the tower. WiMax transmitting stations would send data to WiMax enabled computers or routers set up within 30 (3. The LOS connection is stronger and more stable. so it is able to send a lot of data with fewer errors. Through stronger LOS antennas.How WiMax Works   WiMax can provide 2 forms of wireless service: .600 square miles of coverage) mile radius. Uses lower frequency range (2 to 11 GHz). Wi-Fi sort of service.

. In the upper 5 GHz band (5.725 – 5.85 GHz. Mexico.4 and 3.5 GHz: The bands between 2. Brazil and in some SEA countries.6 GHz have been allocated for BWA in majority of countries.850 GHz) many countries allow higher power output (4 Watts) that makes it attractive for WiMax applications. Licensed 3. Licensed 2.6 GHz have been allocated in the US.WiMax Spectrum      Broad Operating Range WiMax Forum is focusing on 3 spectrum bands for global deployment: Unlicensed 5 GHz: Includes bands between 5.5 and 2.5 GHz: Bands between 3.25 and 5.

Obstacles such as trees and buildings frequently block signal paths. or a tree swaying in the wind may change signal strength. for example. . Overlapping interference generate random noise. Infrastructure Placement: The physical structure that houses or supports the base station must be RF friendly. A metal farm silo. Common forms are multi-path interference and attenuation. may distort signals.Challenges to Overcome in WiMax Deployment   RF Interference: Disrupts a transmission and decreases performance. High RF activity in the area can cause interference.

. . Tilt Angles. Statistics Gathering. RF friendly structure. Array Gain.Proper design and deployment of the provider’s NOC.Antennas (Type. and shielding from weather elements. Diversity Gain) .Well deployed base station or cells with 24/7 access.Solving the challenges in WiMax Deployment  Proper network design and infrastructure placement are critical for solving the challenges. coordination of RF use with neighbouring providers. . .Subscriber Site Survey.

Wireless Device Continuum • Highest speed processor • Larger display • Processor optimized for low power consumption & small form factor Primary Capability Dat a ce Voi 802.16 3G Nomadic Portable Tablet Handheld Smart Phone Cell Phone .11 & 802.

Nomadic wireless access (NWA)  Wireless access application in which the location of the user termination may be in different places but it must stationary while in use.ITU Definitions    Fixed wireless access (FWA)  Wireless access application in which the location of the user termination and the network access point to be connected to the end-user are fixed. Mobile wireless access (MWA)  Wireless access application in which the location of the user termination is mobile. end- endendbe .

3. 5.WiMax Applications  1. 4. 2. According to WiMax Forum it supports 5 classes of applications: Multi-player Interactive Gaming. VOIP and Video Conference Streaming Media Web Browsing and Instant Messaging Media Content Downloads .

across long distances  Enabling new applications that improve daily life  .at the same time. reliable carrier class “last-mile” technology with QoS  For many types of high-bandwidth applications .WiMax Advantages Robust.

rural  • Problem: Can one size really fit all? Different applications have different requirements and constraints for spectrum and performance! • Solution: Allow choice of options within a consistent framework. LoS or NLoS – ranges of “several” km.Summary-1 Major goal of IEEE 802. suburban. urban. Offer a limited set of standard profiles .16 (2-11 GHz): provide a “universal” solution for broadband wireless access – point-to-multipoint.

256-QAM • Antenna system support: Diversity.5 MB/s) to over 70 Mb/s . H-FDD. MIMO. 16-QAM. TDD • Data Rates: From T1 (1.Summary-2 • • • • Operating Frequency: 2 – 11 GHz Allocations: Licensed and Unlicensed Channel Bandwidth: 1. SDMA • Duplexing: FDD. 2048 OFDMA – BPSK. 256 OFDM.25 – 20 MHz Modulation: Single carrier. QPSK. 64-QAM.