Electric Propulsion


Electric Propulsion A set of component arranged to convert electrical power from the Spacecraft(S/C) power system into the kinetic energy of the propellant jet. Major components PPU(Power Processor Unit) Batteries Propellant S/C computer Thruster Plumbing Valves. Heaters « The Heart of system Thruster .

Challenge Flow handled is very small(precise flow control) operation for prolonged period of time(months) leak free valve Besides PPU and Plumbing. .Valves : Usually no detail is shown. Thruster is the main concern .PPU : Control Unit .Thruster is not the upmost critical components even though it may seems to be The PPU and Valves system is the most complex and challenging EP components.


(Resistjet) . Xenon 3) Electromagnetic (MPD thruster) (MagnetoPlasmaDynamic) 2) Electrostatic (ion thruster. EWSK. . moderate thrust. Hall Thruster) . Arcjet) . (How much do we know about Plasma Physics ?) Each type tailored to its specific need : Usually they are all for station-keeping. Higher thrust . orbit raising) . (Arcjet) Hydrazine .Thruster 1) Electrothermal (Resisto. . relatively low specific impulse(500-1200) potential candidate : Well established physics (Actually in use for NSSK : North South Station Keeping. Intermediate impulse(1500-2500). orbit raising(Low Earth orbit) and on-orbit maneuvering as well as drag compensation Main Objective : Toward a primary propulsion system .

1 Operating range of electric-propulsion thrusters Fig. 3 Operating ranges of electric-propulsion thrusters .Table.

plume interaction . broad regime of application For Arcjet : Still competent in Geo-stationary application For Arcjet : Occupies an intermediate place in the Isp Con¶s Low thrust of order of 0. Ion) For Ion. and ion type thruster complex S/C integration problem. high efficiency. Hall : high Isp. low consumption of propellant Applicability for Deep space main propulsion unit(MPD.1N Insufficient onboard electric power Adequate Vacuum facilities are essential to conduct research in EP (Especially for MPD) For MPD.Pro¶s large exhaust velocity.

2 Typical Electric thruster features .Table.

what would be the Application range & tailored type of EP that would match with Korea satellite development program ? Existence of Sufficient Market for us to penetrate ? Alternative : Joint work with Russia(Rich Experience on EP system) .Our concerns : too many types and derivatives of EP as well as propellant choice for the feasibility study Selection of Low risk EP thruster ? If chosen.

Russia) (Technology and Cost) Low risk . Plume angle problem«. Asia. EC Complexity(S/C integration. Japan) ? Competency would require joint international work (e.) Can we support those plasma related technology?? ( ) too risky For resistojet. and operational Low impulse Hydrazine arcjet and resistojet has still penetrable market (Increase of commercial LEO and GEO satellite) A Place for us in this niche market(US.g. Hall type Conventional technology already available. Arcjet Feasible thruster relative to MPD. heavy PPU than electrothermal PPU. Japan. MPD type Too away behind US. EC..Comments For Hall. Ion.

this is everybody¶s concerns for all hydrogen fed propulsion device.proposed EP Thruster Hydrogen Arcjet Electrothermal family (Still competent thruster type) Well Established physics (Affordable time to catch up) Unlike Hydrazine. (Alternative fuel: Ammonia. performance gain of order 1500s or more Isp with hydrogen Broad range of application (from low to high Isp) increased efficiency(thruster performance) achievable by regenerative cooling (& nozzle coating). 800 Isp) Even for Solar & nuclear thrusters(with hydrogen) Isp limited to 800 s . Current available device: HIPARC-R Yet the inherent storage problem of hydrogen exist(cryogenic nature) However.

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