SOCIALIZATION

“socialis” pertaining to society Life-long process of social interaction through which an individuals acquire self-identity and the physical. . mental and social skills needed for survival in society. The process by which children become participating and functioning members of society and fit into an organized way of life as mature adults.SOCIALIZATION    “socious” means ally.

3. Agent in transmittal of values. customs and beliefs from generation to the other. 2. Enables the individual to grow and develop into a socially functioning person.SOCIALIZATION Functions : 1. Means of social control .

Primary socialization  2. Secondary socialization  one becomes a member of society. individual moves into and internalizes knowledge and attitudes of new sectors of life. One pursues a line of work or career usually gradual and changes that take place are typically minor.SOCIALIZATION 2 Levels: 1. It takes place in the family.   .

SOCIALIZATION Human .ideas.includes being conscious of ourselves as individuals with unique identities. . personalities and relationships with others. emotions and values think rational .

biological traits transferred from parents to offspring.  Socio-cultural environment – refers to the learned ways of living and norms of behaviors.2 factors of Human Development:  Heredity . . various groups and social interactions going in the groups of which one is a member.

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Total Human Development .

health. warmth. omission rather than commission (physical abuse) Child abuse . security. food). unwanted child (rape victims) Child neglect – children’s basic needs are not met. regardless of cause ( emotional.Reasons why children don’t develop socialization:    Isolated circumstances – occurs when parents gone home for work abroad. education. emotional abuse.

SOCIALIZATION Agencies:  Family  Peer group  Church and religious organizations  School/ institutions  Mass media  Work place .

3 elements:  Imagination of how we appear to other persons  Imagination of the judgment of that appearance  Self-feeling (such as pride or mortification) . to imagine how they appear to others. Proponent of this theory was Charles Cooley.LEARNING THEORIES  Charles Cooley: The looking glass self – the ability of children to visualize themselves through the eyes of others.

   Play stage – period during which children take on roles of other individuals one at a time. he expanded Cooley’s idea of the social self by relating the idea of the self-concept to role taking. Self and Society – by George Herbert Mead.LEARNING THEORIES  George Mead: Mind. Generalized others – period wherein children able to respond to a number of individuals in the group and integrate the various norms of the group. . The self emerges in the process of socialization mediated by language. Game stage – children are able to consider the roles of other people ate the same time and what are expected of all the others ate the same time.

) Freud’s Theory of Socialization (psychoanalytic theory) –holds that socialization is a process characterized by the internal struggle between the biological components and the sociocultural environment. .PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES/ SOCIAL PROCESSES 1.

representing the traditional rules. It centers around the satisfaction and operates on the pleasure principle. Ego – rational reality.3 major systems of personality: Id – the biological component which is the source of a number of drives and urges. . moral & ethical sense of personality. conscience. values and ideals of society.oriented component that imposes restrictions Superego – opposes the first two.    .

) Cognitive Development -Jean Piaget -interested in how people process.2.how children action is governed by perception of world around them . use and obtain information .

adolescent) -highly abstract in understanding -evaluates opinions . b.4 stages of intellectual development a. Concrete operational stage (7-11) -thinks in terms of tangible objects and actual events -start to graph viewpoint of others -draw conclusions to situation without involvement Formal Operational stage (12. d. c. Sensorimotor stage (birth-2 yrs. Old) -understands world through sensory contact and immidiate action -object permanence-believe in the existence of object even if the object is out of sight Preoperational stage (2-7) -ability to use logic in a limited way to realize that physical objects may change in appearance while retaining the essence.

adolescent and adults were presented with moral dilemmas in the form of stories .) Stage of Moral Development -Lawrence Kohlberg (1927) -conducted series of studies in which children .3.

moral conduct.3 sequential levels of moral reasoning    Preconventional level (7-10) -children’s perceptions are based on punishments and obedience Conventional level (10. judged by principles and human rights .adulthood) -perception is through how they are perceived by peers and how one conforms to rules Postconventional (few adults) -view reality through individual rights.

Self-identity is developed through social interaction with others. Role performance – the actual conduct of the role in accordance with the position. “All the world is a stage”.  Dramaturgy – Erving Goffman made use of the dramaturgical approach with his expression.  . Individuals are performing and acting for their audience in everyday life. Roles – refers to acting in accordance with the expected norms attached to a particular position.PERSPECTIVES ON SOCIAL INTERACTION Symbolic Interactionism – is based primarily on the works and ideas of Herbert Mead and Charles Cooley. mediated by the language.

RELATING TO OTHERS      Sizing others up Communicating with others Relating to others in physical space Helping others Working with and against others .

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