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Acquisition of Life Skills –

a Challenge for School


Curriculum

Dr.hab.paed., prof. Tatjana Koķe

Minister of Education and Science


Republic of Latvia

Minister of Education and Science Republic of Latvia


Dr. hab.paed., Prof. Tatjana Koķe Ministry of Education and Science
Changes

Development of
Learning Society

IT Globalisation
development

Changes in
organization
culture
Minister of Education and Science Republic of Latvia
Dr. hab.paed., Prof. Tatjana Koķe Ministry of Education and Science
Paradoxes of
Contemporary Society (1)
• Globalization of economics strengthens in education policy
tendency for individualisation
• Hierarchical structure of educational system, practise of
classroom instruction serves as a barrier for creativity,
responsibility, decision-making ability. The shift should be
done from hierarchy to competence
• The more people use different complicated technologies, the
more there is a need for paying attention to the issues of
illiteracy and lack of basic skills. Thus, their participation in
community life and employability is threatened.
• Growing share of investments in education do not support
tendency of social inclusion.
Minister of Education and Science Republic of Latvia
Dr. hab.paed., Prof. Tatjana Koķe Ministry of Education and Science
Paradoxes of
Contemporary Society (2)
• Ongoing processes in the contemporary society create
disparities among schools and question common standards for
quality of education.
• Social polarization of individuals is growing regardless age or
place of residence.
• Individual’s needs within contemporary society more and
more alienates learning from traditional education. Namely,
contemporary learning should provide more flexible and
transferable skills that help an individual in a short period of
time and resources to adapt and demonstrate self-efficacy
within constant changes .

Minister of Education and Science Republic of Latvia


Dr. hab.paed., Prof. Tatjana Koķe Ministry of Education and Science
Paradoxes of
Contemporary Society (3)

• Prevaling consumers’ culture has to be shifted towards the


culture of co-responsibility. Emphases on responsibility and
evidence-based decision making for individuals quality of life
and better society (Learning society instead of consumer
society)

• Since year 2000 accumulated information doubles in 73 days.


Information and knowledge booming has increased a demand
for quick learning as lifelong and lifewide process

Creative Industries Strategic Management MBA Creative Industries Management


Dr., Prof. Tatjana Volkova BA School of Business and Finance
Descriptors of Future Society

Indicator Industrial Era Learning Era

Wealth Physical/financial Human capital

Home Life organized for work Work organized for life

Authority Hierarchy Networked autonomy

Identity Imposed identity Self-generated identity

Freedom Liberation from Capacity to do things


constraints

Miller R.,OECD, 2003

Minister of Education and Science Republic of Latvia


Dr. hab.paed., Prof. Tatjana Koķe Ministry of Education and Science
Tasks for education

• Not to learn by heart the information, but to develop skills for


finding and implementing it, thus providing balance between
theoretical knowledge and life skills to live in the real world and
to solve concrete life’s tasks
• To provide opportunities for students to deal with controversial
issues and different loyalties
• Along with routine cognitive skills (reading, writing, numeracy)
to develop non-routine analytic and social/ interactive skills
• Expand learning from clasroom to comunity and society wide
• Focus from individual learning to learning organization through
implementation of team-work, shared responsibilities, etc
Minister of Education and Science Republic of Latvia
Dr. hab.paed., Prof. Tatjana Koķe Ministry of Education and Science
The heart of the matter

Life skills Learning Society

LEARNING TO BECOME

Minister of Education and Science Republic of Latvia


Dr. hab.paed., Prof. Tatjana Koķe Ministry of Education and Science
Self-
management Handling and
Team work Interpreting
information

Adaptability, Applying new


flexibility, knowledge
entrepreneurship Skills for into practice
living in LS

Thinking skills Learning to


and creativity learn
Questioning,
Management
Reasoning,
& Communication
Critical judgement

*Longworth
Research data

n %
Law 70 76
Masters
Pedagogy 22 24
female 63 68
Gender
male 29 32

Minister of Education and Science Republic of Latvia


Dr. hab.paed., Prof. Tatjana Koķe Ministry of Education and Science
Teamwork

Adaptability, flexibility,
versatility

Management and
communication skills

Thinking skills and creativity

Questioning, reasoning,
critical judgement

Learning to learn

Applying new knowledge in


practice

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

(%)
basic secondary university

Minister of Education and Science Republic of Latvia


Dr. hab.paed., Prof. Tatjana Koķe Ministry of Education and Science
Applying new knowledge in
practice

Learning to learn

Questioning, reasoning,
critical judgement

Thinking skills and creativity

Management and
communication skills

Adaptability, flexibility,
versatility

Teamwork

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
(%)
Humanities Social Sciences Natural Sciences

Minister of Education and Science Republic of Latvia


Dr. hab.paed., Prof. Tatjana Koķe Ministry of Education and Science
80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

flexibility, versatility
Applying new

Learning to learn
knowledge in

Management and

Teamwork
reasoning, critical

Thinking skills and

communication
(%)
Questioning,
practice

Adaptability,
judgement

creativity

skills

Independent work Group work Research Interactive methodes Presentations Lectures Literature, ICK

Minister of Education and Science Republic of Latvia


Dr. hab.paed., Prof. Tatjana Koķe Ministry of Education and Science
Curriculum reform in Latvia

• Competence-based curriculum according to standards in


basic (early 1990-ies) and secondary education (2008)
• Interrelation and integration of content eliminating duplication
and fragmentation
• Diversification of teaching methods

Minister of Education and Science Republic of Latvia


Dr. hab.paed., Prof. Tatjana Koķe Ministry of Education and Science
Education Domains

• “Language”,
• “Man and society”,
• “Arts”,
• “Technology and sciences”.

Minister of Education and Science Republic of Latvia


Dr. hab.paed., Prof. Tatjana Koķe Ministry of Education and Science
Holistic approach to curriculum

Minister of Education and Science Republic of Latvia


Dr. hab.paed., Prof. Tatjana Koķe Ministry of Education and Science
School curriculum shift from knowledge as a
learning outcome to Skills-orientated outcome

Disco pro Vita


to learn for life

The aim of the method: to foster the


development of pupils’ life skills

Minister of Education and Science Republic of Latvia


Dr. hab.paed., Prof. Tatjana Koķe Ministry of Education and Science
Fairy tale
Once upon a time there lived a young man who was in love with a
beautiful and very capricious girl. One day she said to him:
“You don’t love me strongly enough. If I turn into a rose, you
won’t even be able to recognize me among other roses.” The
young man, though surprised, hurried to calm her down: “You
are so special that I will find you among all the roses in the
world.”
“Well, then early in the morning I will go to the garden and turn
into a rose similar to those ones which grow there, and stand
among them. If you come there in a while and figure out that
very rose, it will be the best proof of your love,” said the girl.
The puzzled young man had to agree. The next morning he
managed to recognize the rose into which his sweetheart had
turned into.
Give the explanation how he did it?
Minister of Education and Science Republic of Latvia
Dr. hab.paed., Prof. Tatjana Koķe Ministry of Education and Science
The answer

Only that very rose didn’t have dew on its petals.


The rest of roses had dew on them as all the night they had
stood outside and when the air cooled down, the water
molecules, containing in the air got condensed and
gathered on the surface of the roses forming water drops -
morning dew.

Minister of Education and Science Republic of Latvia


Dr. hab.paed., Prof. Tatjana Koķe Ministry of Education and Science
Learning outcomes

• Pupils comprehend how and where in life they can use the
knowledge and skills acquired in school.

• Pupils’ inventiveness, attention and logical thinking in


problem solving is demonstrated.

• Pupils create and implement new ideas.

• Pupils develop holistic perception of life, etc.

Creative Industries Strategic Management MBA Creative Industries Management


Dr., Prof. Tatjana Volkova BA School of Business and Finance
Conclusions

• To use more interactive, research methods in order to promote


pupil’s creativity and search of the innovative solutions
• Practical application of theoretical knowledge: to bring the
study process and School curriculum nearer to life
• To develop collaboration between girls and boys to work
together in the common projects to one gender’s abilities can
supplement to other one.
• To acquaint with lifelong learning’s ideas as early is possible,
already in the elementary educational stage, focusing on skills
for living in Learning society.

Minister of Education and Science Republic of Latvia


Dr. hab.paed., Prof. Tatjana Koķe Ministry of Education and Science
Vision

“We belong to the first generation that knows for


certain that it doesn’t know what the future will be
like”
/Sir Christopher Ball/

Minister of Education and Science Republic of Latvia


Dr. hab.paed., Prof. Tatjana Koķe Ministry of Education and Science
Thank you for your attention!

Minister of Education and Science Republic of Latvia


Dr. hab.paed., Prof. Tatjana Koķe Ministry of Education and Science