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Power Point for Medical

Teaching

Dr.T.V.Rao MD
History of Power
Point
• Microsoft Office PowerPoint was originally
developed by Bob Gaskins and software
developer Dennis Austin under the name
Presenter for Forethought. Microsoft
Corporation purchased Forethought and its
PowerPoint software product for $14 million on
July 31, 1987. In 1990 the first Windows
versions were produced for Windows 3.0. Since
1990, PowerPoint has been included in
Microsoft Office suite of applications -- except for
the Basic Editions of the suite.
PowerPoint
Presentations:
should create
Design, Content & Delivery
Important part in Power Point is
Content
• The most important part of any
presentation is the content, not
the graphical appeal. That is why
you should develop your
presentation with the content
first, before deciding on the
look (colours, graphics, etc.)
Learn the Basics with interaction
with other Friends who are familiar
• For the presentation, just make changes
to the default slides that PowerPoint gave
us with the AutoContent Wizard. In the
beginning learn to be familiar with
• How to change the titles of slides
• How to change fonts and font sizes
• How to add a bulleted list
• How to delete slides
• How to add a new slide
Microsoft Power Point
soft ware makes matter
simple
Power Point view on Screen
Menu Bar
• Menu Bar
As well as the standard
menu option for things
like opening files, saving
your work, creating new
presentations, cut, copy
and paste, this is where
all the PowerPoint tools
can be found. You'll meet
lots of these menu
options as we go along.
Outlines
• Outlines

This shows you an Outline


of your presentation. The
headings next to the
numbers are taken from the
title of a particular slide.
Change the title and you
change the heading in the
Outline view. There's also a
bullet list of other text on
your slide. The Outline is so
that you can quickly see
what an individual slide is all
about.
Create you own Notes in the botom
Need not go to Text Books often
A Right click on any indicated
will change the face of
presentation
Openoffice.org Impress is free
soft ware when you work with
free operating systems
Can be downloaded from net
Proving to be highly efficient
system
CREATING BETTER

POWER
POINT
PRESENTATIONS
… A good presentation
needs

• Acceptable Design
• Engaging Content
• Positive Delivery
YOUR AUDIENCE IS ALIVE…
DO NOT BORE THEM !

DO NOT BLEND
YOURSELF INTO
THE MESSAGE!
Audience are Live Make your
presentation acceptable
SYMBOLS ARE COMPELLING!

DATA IS NOT!

USE VISUAL TOOLS!


Symbols create Identity - Hitler
NOT THIS!
As is you in Next Slide
Make Matters Easy

• One Idea at a
Time
Makes the
learning easy
Complex Pictures creates
confusion
USE CAPTIVATING IMAGES…

NO CLIP ART OR
ARROWS!
Practice, Practice, Practice…

PRACTICE!
PRESENT YOUR TOPIC WITH…

PASSION!
REMEMBER THE COGNATIVE LOAD
THEORY…

???
Create an Impact with
Pictures
Uncommon pictures do have an
impact
Tuberculosis not only infects
poor
but socially prominent people
Such pictures cannot be
replaced by any media
Cannot be shown better
than this by any teaching
Medium
Better in Microteaching
To Understand Better
A Student is new to your
Ideas
Too many approaches
yield Negative results
Designing Effective
PowerPoint Presentation

Big Progressive

Consistent Simple

Clear Summary
Make it Big (Text)
• This is Arial 12
• This is Arial 18
• This is Arial 24
• This is Arial 32
• This is Arial 36
• This is Arial 44
Make it Big (Text)
• This is Arial 12
• This is Arial 18
• This is Arial 24 Too Small

• This is Arial 32
• This is Arial 36
–This is Arial 44
• Looks bold and impressive
Make It Big (How to Estimate)

• Look at it from 2 metres away


2m
Animations take away the
Audience from you – Blank the
Study

• Just press the B key on the keyboard and


the image is replaced with a black image.
Press the B key again and the image is
restored. If you want to use a white image
instead of a black image, press the W key
each time.
Make matters
Simpl e
Make it Simple
Do not complicate
• Keep It Simple (Text)
• Too many colours
• Too Many Fonts and Styles
• The 6 x 7 rule
– No more than 6 lines per slide
– No more than 7 words per line
– Font size 36 accommodate 6 – 7 lines
Keep It Simple (Text)
Instructional Technology:
A complex integrated process involving
people, procedures, ideas, devices, and
organization, for analyzing problems and
devising, implementing, evaluating, and
managing solutions to those problems in
Too detailed !
situations in which learning is purposive
and controlled
(HMRS 5th ed.)
Keep It Simple (Text)

Instructional Technology:
A process
involving people, procedures & tools
for solutions Much Simpler
to problems in learning
• Common Problem:

Too much writing


& writing Too small
• It was one of those summery days when the air is heavy
and warm and nobody wants to do very much.
Jonathan and Robbit were resting on top of one of
Moley's hummocks, relaxing and watching the rest of the
world go by. Jonathan could feel the sun's warmth
through his shell and it was making him feel comfortable
and drowsy. He wriggled contentedly. Last night, before
he'd gone to bed, Jonathan had taken off his shell and
given it a special polish, and this morning it gleamed in
the sunlight. Beside him on the soft warm molehill,
Robbit lay on his back, his paws behind his head, gazing
up at the clear blue sky, thinking about things in his own
rabbity way.
• "Why do nettles have stings?" He asked suddenly
• Jonathan had just begun to doze off, and woke with a
start
• "Why do nettles have what?" He asked, not quite awake.
Impressing audience with
Your technological Ideas is
Hazardous
Media Rich Distorts
Ideas
You Can write pictures while
teaching
Draw on the screen during
a presentation
• Press the Ctrl-P key combination to
display a pen on the screen. Then, using
the left mouse button, draw on the slide as
you wish. To erase what you have drawn,
press the E key. To hide pen, press the A
key or the Ctrl-H key combination.
Explain complex theory
with diagrams
Keep It Simple (Transition)
• This transition is annoying, not enhancing

• "Appear" and "Disappear" are better


Keep Simple Animations
Animation distract the students away
from Teacher
Make It Clear (Fonts)
• Serif fonts are difficult to read on screen
• Sanserif fonts are clearer
• Italics are difficult to read on screen
• Normal or bold fonts are clearer
• Underlines may signify hyperlinks
• Instead, use colours to emphasise
Common Mistake:
• People tend to put every word
they are going to say on their
PowerPoint slides. Although this
eliminates the need to memorise
your talk, ultimately this makes
your slides crowded, wordy, and
boring. You will lose your
audience's attention before you
even reach the bottom of
your.... SLIDE
Pros of Power Point Teaching
• PowerPoint is easy for
Teachers to update, saving
them time and energy. It's
neat and clean, and it allows
for "portability" of materials.
Updating and Sharing
• Teachers can take slides from
one lecture, update them, include
them in another lecture,
Share them with colleagues
or students ?
Pros ……
• It also provides a platform for
incorporating a variety of different kinds of
multi-media file-types: images, video,
audio, and animations.
Cons in power point Teaching
• There are also drawbacks to
using PowerPoint as a teaching
tool. PowerPoint, when used
incorrectly, can encourage
student (and teacher) passivity by
discouraging interaction between
them.
Cons …
• Teachers often overload slides
with information, forcing them to
move through the material too
quickly while overwhelming
students with details. This can
sometimes discourage students
and lead them to stop listening to
the lecture altogether
We can create Power points
on Mobiles / PDA’s
In Summary
• Big
• Simple
• Clear
• Progressive
• Consistent
Some Final Words
• Communication is the key
• Text to support the communication
• Pictures to simplify complex concepts
• Animations for complex relationships
• Visuals to support, not to distract
• Sounds only when absolutely
necessary
Final Tip

• W for White, B for Black.


• Black and white is the Best
Colors are not really Colorful

• For teaching to Bigger masses


avoid colored fonts

• The spectrum of colors is wide


• The Black and White is accepted
by every human psychology
Copying from Internet
• Several PowerPoint documents are
available,
• Donot download from unfamiliar Internet
sites, carries spyware,malware
• If you donot have Antiviral programme
update at the earliest
• Many documents may not suit you major
needs
Hyperlinks are Useful
and Harmful
• In 1990 the first Windows versions were
produced for Windows 3.0. Since 1990,
PowerPoint has been included in
Microsoft Office suite of applications --
except for the Basic Editions of the suite.
• The blue colored letters copied
from Internet carries hyperlinks
if connected to Internet
Never Edit Your Teaching Text
Without Spell Check
• Spell check is the important
component of any text
presentation
• Many spelling mistakes
weaken your strengths in
teaching
You can Upload your Power Point slides
to Web, if you have own Password
• It is easier to upload to WWW
• Popular places to upload
• www.slideshare.com
• www.scribd.com
• www.twitter.com
• www.youtube.com
Your articles are watched
Globally If Uploaded
• Several search engines crawl on your site
• www.googlebot.com
• You are watched
• Think twice before putting you material
on the Internet.
• If it contains information useful to others,
you can have several friends in the
Scientific circle around the Globe
Do not make Teaching Media
Taller than you
Your projector or computer may fail
any TIME
Put up a Brave Face
Ride on New Technologies To cope up with
changing trends in Education
A successful presentation
needs a
Good Action
Thinking is
easy
Acting is
Difficult.
And put one’s
thoughts into
action is the
most difficult
thing in the
Created for better
understanding on power point
presentations
Dr.T.V.Rao MD
Email
doctortvrao@gmail.com