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Applying Career Competencies in Career Management

Applying Career Competencies in Career Management

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Published by: dmarisenthil on Jul 19, 2012
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Applying Career Competencies inCareer Management
Sandra Haase
A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of theUniversity of Coventry’s requirements for the degreeof Doctor of PhilosophyNovember 2007Coventry Universityin collaboration with theUniversity of Worcester 
 
 ii
Contents
Contents
........................................................................................................................ii
List of Tables
................................................................................................................vii
List of Figures
................................................................................................................ix
Declaration
.....................................................................................................................x
 Acknowledgements
........................................................................................................xi
 Abstract
.......................................................................................................................xii
Chapter 1 Introduction..............................................................................................1
1.1 Introduction........................................................................................................21.2 Objectives of the research.................................................................................31.3 Structure of the dissertation...............................................................................4
Chapter 2 Career, Career Success and Career Development...............................6
2.1 What is a career?...............................................................................................72.1.1 Traditional definitions of career..................................................................72.1.2 New career realities...................................................................................82.1.3 New conceptualisations of career............................................................102.1.3.1 Protean Career..................................................................................102.1.3.2 Career as repositories of knowledge.................................................102.1.3.3 Boundaryless career.........................................................................112.1.3.4 Important characteristics of career definitions in the new career realities..............................................................................................112.1.3.5 Criticism.............................................................................................122.1.4 Working definition of career......................................................................132.2 Career success................................................................................................142.2.1 Objective career success.........................................................................142.2.2 Subjective career success........................................................................142.2.3 Objective and subjective career success as distinct concepts.................152.2.4 Antecedents and correlates of career success........................................172.2.4.1 Motivation and career salience..........................................................172.2.4.2 Personality traits................................................................................182.2.4.3 Career Strategies..............................................................................192.2.4.4 Demographic factors.........................................................................252.3 Career development and career management................................................282.3.1 Career management interventions...........................................................302.3.2 Career self-management behaviours.......................................................332.3.3 What makes career management initiatives effective?............................342.3.4 Evaluation of career management interventions......................................35
Chapter 3 Competencies and Competency Frameworks....................................38
3.1 What is a competency?....................................................................................393.1.1 Competency and competence.................................................................403.1.2 Competency and personality....................................................................413.1.3 Other types of competency......................................................................423.1.3.1 Meta-competencies...........................................................................423.1.3.2 Organisational competencies............................................................433.1.4 Working definition.....................................................................................433.2 Competency frameworks.................................................................................443.2.1 What do competency frameworks look like?............................................443.2.2 How are competency frameworks developed?........................................45
 
 iii
3.3 Use of competencies........................................................................................483.3.1 Competencies in career management.....................................................483.4 From competency models to measuring competency......................................493.4.1 Assessment of competencies in the career development context...........493.5 Developing and maintaining competencies......................................................503.6 Criticisms of the use of competencies..............................................................513.7 Career competencies.......................................................................................543.7.1 Self-efficacy and career competencies....................................................543.7.2 The Intelligent Career Model....................................................................553.7.2.1 Interrelationship of the three areas of knowing.................................573.7.2.2 The re-labelling of the term career competencies.............................573.7.2.3 The Intelligent Career Card Sort.......................................................583.8 A new approach to career competencies.........................................................593.8.1 Comparison to other concepts.................................................................613.8.1.1 Career competencies and competencies in general.........................613.8.1.2 Career competencies and career strategies.....................................623.8.1.3 Career competencies and meta-competencies.................................62
Chapter 4 Organisational Context.........................................................................63
4.1 Introduction to the Police Organisation............................................................644.1.1 The Police Force and new career realities...............................................644.2 Career development in the Police....................................................................654.3 The importance of job satisfaction...................................................................684.4 Career management in the Police....................................................................704.4.1 Police culture and career.........................................................................724.4.2 Personal responsibility and self-management..........................................724.5 The National Competency Framework.............................................................75
Chapter 5 Preliminary Studies...............................................................................77
5.1 Introduction to the preliminary studies.............................................................785.2 Interviews with career development experts....................................................795.2.1 Introduction quantitative vs. qualitative research.....................................795.2.2 Objectives................................................................................................805.2.3 Method.....................................................................................................815.2.3.1 Selection of the qualitative method...................................................815.2.3.2 Participants and procedure...............................................................825.2.4 Analysis....................................................................................................835.2.5 Results.....................................................................................................845.2.5.1 Competencies...................................................................................845.2.5.2 Career development practices...........................................................865.2.5.3 Current use of career development activities and their evaluation....885.2.5.4 Factors influencing individual career development...........................905.2.6 Discussion................................................................................................925.2.6.1 Competencies...................................................................................925.2.6.2 Career development..........................................................................955.2.6.3 Factors influencing successful individual career development..........985.2.6.4 Limitations of the study......................................................................995.3 Intelligent Career Card Sort Application.........................................................1015.3.1 Method...................................................................................................1015.3.1.1 Participants and procedure.............................................................1025.3.2 Analysis and results...............................................................................1045.3.2.1 Knowing-why...................................................................................1055.3.2.2 Knowing-how...................................................................................1055.3.2.3 Knowing-whom................................................................................1065.3.3 Discussion..............................................................................................106

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