Policies on the mobility and transport of the elderly and the disabled have developed centeringon those who are the objects of welfare measures. Since the 1970s, the terms normalizationand barrier free design, which are basic terms related to welfare, have been used together withthe term welfare community development that integrates the first two terms. After 1990, whenthe popularization of barrier-free design started to accelerate in fields such as architecture andtransport, the term universal design made its debut as a term for measuring everybody, thusdeparting from the idea being limited to the disabled or elderly. Some prefectures and cities setup a universal design office.There are two major trends concerning policies for and growth of Local Transport Systems forthe elderly and disabled. The first is that conditions that prevent social participation by thedisabled have been deemed discriminatory in legal terms. The second trend is that policies andtechnologies to promote social participation by the elderly and disabled in terms of transporthave become much more concrete. This trend has two aspects, one of which is specialmeasures. These include the operation of Special Transport Services (STS) for elderly anddisabled people who cannot utilize conventional transport, and measures to support peoplewho can get around by car. The other aspect has arisen from the viewpoint of Universal Design.It inclines toward design technologies (accessible design, usability, safety) that enable theelderly and disabled to utilize conventional transport, user and supply side subsidies, and socialinclusion, to enable mobility on a par with that of able-bodied people, through informationsystems.Today, accessibility for transport is an important issue to maintain the sustainability of oursociety. Laws and regulations order all new transport facilities be accessible, and transportcompanies are now trying to introduce accessibility into existing facilities. The experience so farteaches us that it is easy to realize an accessible facility when the facility is newly constructed,but it is strenuous and expensive to introduce accessibility into existing facilities, especiallylarge public transport facilities such as underground stations. Accessibility in public transporthas previously been regarded as an additional service designed especially for those who cannotmanage ordinary facilities.