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Cam Experimental Lab_s2007

Cam Experimental Lab_s2007

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Cam Experimental Lab
Cam Experimental Lab

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Muhammad Changez Khan on Oct 10, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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ME-372 Mechanical Design IICams Experimental LabPage 1 of 8S2007GR 
CAM EXPERIMENTAL LAB
OBJECTIVE:
The fundamental objectives of this laboratory are:1.to observe the effect of cam profile on the cam dynamics,2.to study the displacement, velocity, and acceleration profile of cam and3.to identify the factors which may improve the cam dynamics.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:
TM21 Cam analysis machine, E3 MKII Speed controller, Tachometer, Tangent and Curved cams.
THEORY:
A cam may be defined as a machine element having a curved outline or a curved groove,which, by its oscillation or rotation motion, gives a predetermined specified motion to another element called the follower. Cams play a very important part in modern machinery and areextensively used in internal-combustion engines, machine tools, mechanical computers,instruments and many other applications.The contour of the cam dictates the cam system's dynamic response. The contour is controlled bythe cam's displacement diagram that is created based on design specifications. To analyze thecam's dynamic response the acceleration and jerk of the follower need to be determined. The two parameters can be computed from the cam's displacement diagram.In this lab, with the same design specifications (Table 1), two cams (a Tangent Cam and a CurvedCam) with different contours will be tested and analyzed. The formulae for calculating follower displacement, velocity and acceleration are provided below. These formulae were derived fromgeometrically analyzing the contours of these cams.Cam angle Tangent Cam Curved Flank Cam- 90° 25.4 mm (rise) 25.4 mm (rise)90° - 180° 25.4 mm (fall) 25.4 mm (fall)180° - 360° Dwell DwellTable 1. Design Specifications.
1. Tangent Cam with Roller Follower:
Roller in contact with flank (Fig. 1)Let R = base circle radius: 25.4 mm
 
ME-372 Mechanical Design IICams Experimental LabPage 2 of 8S2007GR 
r = radius of nose : 12.7 mmd = center distance : 38.1 mm
o
= radius of follower : 14.3 mmConsider the roller follower in contact with the flank AB, as in Fig. 1:Figure 1. Tangent cam - Roller in contact with flank/ roller in contact with nose.When the cam has rotated through an angle θ from the lowest position of the follower center Q,displacement of the follower from lowest position, XX = OQ
1
- OQ= (R + r 
o
) Sec θ - (R + r 
o
) where 0<=θ<=β. (1)θ = 0 corresponds to the point A and θ=β corresponds to point B on fig. 1.Velocity V =
θ ω 
dX 
= ω (R+r 
o
) Sec θ Tan θ (2)Acceleration A =
θ ω θ ω 
dV  X 
2222
=
= ω
2
(R - r 
o
) (Sec
3
θ + Sec θ Tan
2
θ)= ω
2
(R + r 
o
) (2 Sec
3
θ + Sec θ) (3)The range of the cam angle (β) turned while the roller moves from A to B is:
Tan
β=
o
 R
+
α 
sin
where α is the total angle of lift.
 
ME-372 Mechanical Design IICams Experimental LabPage 3 of 8S2007GR 
In this case, α = 70.53° and β = 42.14°
1.1 Roller in contact with nose:
When the roller has rotated through an angle θ from the highest position of the follower,displacement of follower:X = OQ
2
- OQ= {d Cos θ + (r + r 
o
) Cos λ} - (R + r 
o
) where 0<=θ<=(α-β)θ=0 corresponds to point C and θ=α-β corresponds to point D in fig.1.Also
d Sin θ = (r + r 
o
) Sin λ Sin λ =
o
+
Sin θ=
n
1Sin θBecause Cos λ = ( 1 - Sin
2
λ )
0.5
 
Then X = d Cos θ + (r +
o
) [ 1 -
2
)sin(
n
θ 
]
0.5
- (R + r 
o
)= d { Cos θ + ( n
2
 
- Sin
2
θ )
0.5
} - ( R + r 
o
) (4)and V=
( )
)sin22sin(sin*
5.022
θ θ θ ω 
+
n
(5)and A=
( )
)sin2cossin(cos*
5.122242
θ θ θ θ ω 
++
nn
(6)The velocity decreases from a maximum at B to zero at C while the acceleration falls from amaximum at B to a minimum at C.
2. Cam with curved flanks (Roller Follower)
Roller in contact with flank (See Fig. 2)Let R = base circle radius : 25.4 mmr = radius of nose : 12.7 mmd = center distance : 38.1 mm
o
= radius of follower : 14.3 mm

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