ME-372 Mechanical Design IICams Experimental LabPage 1 of 8S2007GR
CAM EXPERIMENTAL LAB
The fundamental objectives of this laboratory are:1.to observe the effect of cam profile on the cam dynamics,2.to study the displacement, velocity, and acceleration profile of cam and3.to identify the factors which may improve the cam dynamics.
TM21 Cam analysis machine, E3 MKII Speed controller, Tachometer, Tangent and Curved cams.
A cam may be defined as a machine element having a curved outline or a curved groove,which, by its oscillation or rotation motion, gives a predetermined specified motion to another element called the follower. Cams play a very important part in modern machinery and areextensively used in internal-combustion engines, machine tools, mechanical computers,instruments and many other applications.The contour of the cam dictates the cam system's dynamic response. The contour is controlled bythe cam's displacement diagram that is created based on design specifications. To analyze thecam's dynamic response the acceleration and jerk of the follower need to be determined. The two parameters can be computed from the cam's displacement diagram.In this lab, with the same design specifications (Table 1), two cams (a Tangent Cam and a CurvedCam) with different contours will be tested and analyzed. The formulae for calculating follower displacement, velocity and acceleration are provided below. These formulae were derived fromgeometrically analyzing the contours of these cams.Cam angle Tangent Cam Curved Flank Cam0° - 90° 25.4 mm (rise) 25.4 mm (rise)90° - 180° 25.4 mm (fall) 25.4 mm (fall)180° - 360° Dwell DwellTable 1. Design Specifications.
1. Tangent Cam with Roller Follower:
Roller in contact with flank (Fig. 1)Let R = base circle radius: 25.4 mm