Vessel’s power system differs a lot in comparison with land power systems.
The main differences are:- Line long;- Compact placement (generation equipment nearby utilization equipment);- One control system and one power system (no sub-systems);- Much less amount of energy transformation.It means that much power is concentrated in a small area. That is why it gives
engineering challenge,and requires high accuracy and deep analyses in safety and
Marine operationfeatures require choosing and keeping necessary speed and as the result all electric machine isequipped by variable frequency converter.
Comparison of Land Based (Wärtsilä 34SF) and Marine (Wärtsilä 34DF)Land Marine
Reference Conditions EngineTotal Barometric pressure 100kPaAir temperature 25°CRelative humidity 30%Charge air coolant temperature 25°CReference Conditions EngineTotal Barometric pressure 100kPaAir temperature 25°CRelative humidity 30%Charge air coolant temperature 25°C
Operation in inclined position
Transverse inclination, permanent(list) 15°Transverse inclination, momentary(roll) 22.5°Longitudinal inclination, permanent(trim) 10°Longitudinal inclination, momentary(pitch) 10°
Marine engines have sealed fuel and ignition systems. These features prevent fuel vapourbuild up in the engine compartment from being ignited by stray ignition sparks. Theelectrical systems in a marine application are also extremely specialized. In any land basedengines, gasoline vapours that accumulate will readily dissipate through the bottom of theengine compartment. However, a boat with its sealed engine compartment does not havethat luxury. Therefore, any spark could literally cause a boat to explode. All electricalcomponents in a boat are either completely sealed or specially vented to prevent such acatastrophe. This includes the starter, alternator, distributor, and many other engineelectrical components
Marine engines need to be stronger because they must sustain high stress levels for longperiods of time.