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Published by mrsloan

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Published by: mrsloan on Nov 14, 2012
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Use this booklet to help you revise all the things you need to analyse in the TVdrama section of the exam, all the different social groups that you could beasked to look at, and all the key words / terminology.If you have
any questions don’t hesitate to come and see us or email us
Aerial shot (or crane)
: a view from directly overhead to afford a clear view
 sometimes used to emphasize the spectacle. A
crane shot 
is usually necessary to
achieve this (sometimes called a bird‟s eye shot)
Canted Angle
A shot which is tilted to one side. This is often used to create afeeling of disorientation.
Close up (and variations)
: close ups, including extreme, big and medium close ups,are used to draw the viewer closer and to involve them in what is happening; theyalso used to observe reactions and emotions, such is happiness, elation or tension.These shot often used to privilege the protagonist over other characters and positionthe audience with him or her 
Crab Shot
: a type of shot which involves the camera being placed in a confinedspace. e.g. A shot taken from inside a cupboard is the subject opens the cupboarddoor.
Crane Shot (or Aerial)
: a type of shot in which a camera is positioned on a speciallydesigned crane, which can be raised and lowered and will. A crane shot is a high-angle shot but the versatility of the equipment allows a director to start a shot from ahigh-angle and then swoop down toward the subject at ground level.http://www.youtube.com/user/FilmSchoolOnline#p/u/9/8tZiFwSmhBI 
Deep Focus
: a camera technique that allows objects both near and far from thecamera to be in focus at the same time.
Establishing shot
: the shot (usually wide or long), often used at the start of aprogramme or film, a new section of a programme or at the start of a new scene toestablish the relationship between the set/location and the characters and to showthe whole view
Hand-Held shot
: A shot filmed with the camera not on a trpid but instead held bythe camera man, often whilst walking. This makes the shots seem quite shaky. Thiscan make the audience feel the scene is more realistic, or can make us feel like weare part of the action
 Head-On Shot
: for a type of shot in which the action comes directly toward thecamera. Head-On shots are often used in war or action movies to enhance thesense of involvement and excitement of the audience, for example, charging cavalrymay be directed at the camera.
High angle
: to provide a view from above the subject(s), often making the subjectlook vulnerable, isolated or powerless. This is sometimes combined with a craneshot into a closer shot of the subject(s).
Long Shot:
a distance shot where the camera is a long way from the subjects beingfilmed. A long shot can be effective as an establishing shot that sets the scene for the action and roles in the viewer.
Loose Frame
Describes a shot where there is a lot of room around an object or person. Usually used to show them as being alone or isolated or unimportant.
Low-Angle Shot:
a shot where the camera approaches a subject from below eyelevel. A Low-Angle shot can emphasize the size of the object being filmed and add

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