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French.verbs.booklet

French.verbs.booklet

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Published by aliceayel
about themain tenses and common verbs useful for French GCSEs.
about themain tenses and common verbs useful for French GCSEs.

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Published by: aliceayel on Jan 28, 2009
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05/10/2014

 
FRENCH VERBS
French verbs are formed by: a stem + an ending (-ER, -IR or –RE). To use the verbs in different tenses, we need to know some rules. These rules are simple and are applied to nearly all verbs.Unfortunately, some verbs do not follow theses rules and it is thereforeimportant to know these IRREGULAR VERBS such as “aller” (to go),“faire” (to do), “avoir” (to have) or “être” (to be).(cf vocabulary book)Most of the time, the rule is: keep the stem, take away the endingand replace it by another ending depending on the person/subject.
PRESENT TENSE (e.g.: I play)
 To write in the present tense, we only change the ending (the stemremains the same).Let’s have a look at the endings: they are different according to theending of the infinitive: verbs in –ER are different from those in –IR or –RE.
JOU
ER 
(to play)FIN
IR 
(tofinish)ATTEND
RE
(to wait)Je jou
e
fin
is
attend
s
Tu jou
es
fin
is
attend
s
Il/Elle/On jou
e
fin
it
attendNous jou
ons
fin
issons
attend
ons
Vous jou
ez
fin
issez
attend
ez
Ils/Elles jou
ent
fin
issent
attend
ent
Can you think of the verbs you already know? With the help of yourvocab book, write them in the appropriate column.
1
 
-ER verbs-IR verbs-RE verbsIrregularin the presenttense
 
PERFECT TENSE (e.g.: I played)
Two groups
 There are two groups of verbs for the perfect tense:
-
the “être” verbs: refer to the MRS Van Der Tramp list
-
the “avoir” verbs: all the other verbs
Three parts
 The perfect tense is made by 3 parts:subject (I, you...) + “être” or “avoir” in the present tense + mainverbWe already know how to do être” and “avoir” in the present tense. The ending of the main verb changes in the perfect tense as well.
The ending
For example, “I played” will not be “J’ai jouer” but “J’ai
 jou
é
”!It is very simple, and you need to make sure you write this endingproperly as examiners are very strict on this.So, how do we know how to change the endings? EASY!-ER verbs: -er turns into -
é
(jouer j’ai joué)-IR verbs: -ir turns into -
i
(finir j’ai fini)-RE verbs: -re turns into -
u
(attendre j’ai attendu)
2
 
Unfortunately, there are some
irregular 
verbs, and we need to knowthem. The main ones are: “être”(j’ai été), “avoir” (j’ai eu), “faire” (j’aifait).So all the “avoir” verbs are very easy to form.Now, we need to concentrate on the “être” verbs, as they require abit more attention.
The “être” verbs
Do you remember what we need to add at the end of the adjectivesif they are feminine or plural? Yes, an
-s
or an
-e
(or even both).For example, if we are talking about a tall boy, we would say “un
grand
garcon”, but for a tall girl, we would say
grand
e
”, and for morethan one girl, we would say “
grand
es
”. The “être” verbs work the same way:
the ending of the main verbwill also need an -e or an -s depending on the subject.
Let’s take an example: “rester” (to stay). As this is an –ER verb, wealready know the -er will turn into -
é
.So, if a
boy
says “I stayed”, we would say “je suis
rest
é
”, but if a
girl
says “I stayed”, we would say “je suis
rest
ée
”. And if a
group of boys
says it, we would say “nous sommes
rest
és
”, and a
group of girls
, “nous sommes
rest
ées
”.Note: if we have a group of boys and girls, this will be in themasculine form (no -e).Summary: to write in the perfect tense, we need to answer thesequestions:
-
is it an “être” or “avoir” verb?
-
if it is an “être” verb, who is the subject? (Masculine?Feminine? Plural?)Last but not least, never forget the accent on the -e for the –ER verbs: if you write “j’ai joue” instead of “j’ai jou
é
”, you will not beawarded any mark! Your turn now: do you remember “être” and “avoir” in the presenttense?
3

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