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Peer Revision on my EIP

Peer Revision on my EIP

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Published by Michele Belue
Peer revision on my EIP
Peer revision on my EIP

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Published by: Michele Belue on Dec 04, 2012
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12/04/2012

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BelueMicheleBelueInstructor:Malcolm CampbellEnglish 103November,2012Will RobotsEverReplaceHumans?Robot. What s the first imagehat comes o mind? Acosmicmachine hatbuilds cars?
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F.2D2or C-P3O rom the nfamousStarWs-nm$es?Or maybeSonny, he realistic\5rhumanoidobothats featuredn the movie , Robot?Whetherwe like itornot,o'roboto'isaI-i
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termthateveryone s familiarwith in ourgeneration.Robotshavebeenslowly integrated nto)-.i.c^'our media,entertainment, nddaily lives, beginning nour childhood. Movies likeThe ron].SI
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Giont,Robots, he ncredibles,Wall-\,andMeet The RobinsonsndTV shows ncluding Ifte'b-\LgJetsons, ittle Robots,ndAstroboy llinvolve roboticcharacters honaturally nteractwithI t :-,Jetsons,Little Robots,and,Astroboy llinvolve robotic characterswhonaturally nteractwithighumansand are argeted owardyoungchildren. The majority of thesecharactersrepersonifird:;q:
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asriendly, mart, armless,ndbeneficialo society. swegetolder, ur nterestsngiFentertainmenthift o amorematureenre.*d
:1:,Transformersarexamplesffuturisticilms hatdepictobotssextremelyntelligent,uman-ti5
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like,andsometimeshreating ooursociety. Theseconflictingportrayalsof robotsexisting ndfFsocietyustashumansdo causemixed feelings,hugecontroversies, nd manyquestions.Whenl'yrwill robotsbegin o appearnourworld? Whatwillthey ook like? WilltheseobotsbeftFf\c>beneficialor detrimental o society? Could hese obotspotentiallyreplacehumans?Toans*e,1(.f
theirstquestion,heyarealreadyere. il. ii
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In thepastewyears,ourworldof technologyhas apidly evolved. Inparticular,ourY;6methodsofcommunicationavechangedremendously.Pagers,what the heckarehose?'-Il,
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Writing letters heoldfashionedway? Forget t.Ourgenerations all aboutshootingquicke-mailsand exts or networkingwith friendson websitesike Facebooknd Twitter.Smartphonesaredesigned ohelppeoplenteractquicklywithotherswhilemultitaskingso hey do notmiss abeat. Itis impossibleowalkdowna steet andnotseeat leastone businessman,eenageirl,orregularJoegluedotheirsmartphone.IPhones,specially, aveakenoverthecellphoneindustry,swellasour ives. In2Dll,Apple Inc. aunchedhePhone5. As ifthepreviousiPhone4wasnotalready apablefvirtuallyanythingandeverything,hismproveddenice41cihh\ngllL6o^^oncamewith an ntelligentpersonalssistant amedSiri.Anyoneamiliar with thisapplicationh,rorlrll+\-Jknows hatt, or should say"she,"canellyouanythingyouneedo know.Siriisdesignedolearn he anguage ndvoiceof the Phoneowner, isten ohis request, ndquicklyrespond.fyourrequests to find the currentscoreof a footballgame,what he weatherwillbe ike inBoston omorrow,or whatyouhaveschedulednyourcalendar hat day,ustaskSiri. You canevencommandher to callyouby a certainname. Dictionary.comtats hat the term robot isdefinedas "any machineormechanical evice hat operatesutomaticallywith humanlikeskill."Siricanisten, hink, and alkustashumansdo. Whetheryouwanttocomeo the realizationornot,millions ofiPhoneownersaround he world have ittle robots ucked ntheirpockets.Sinceourgenerationypicallypicturesobots o be 5 feetallwithtwo
ums,wo legs,atorso,andaface,viewing Siriasarobotmight be a stretch.However,RodneyBrooks,co-founderofthe company Robot, whocreatedhe Roombavacuuming obot,and ounderofhiscompanyRethink Robots,hasbeenworking on building arobotsimilar to the ones maginedbymostpeople.According o'oTheRiseof theRoboticWorkForce,"an articlewrittenbyDavidH.Freedman,his humanoid obot, with aphysicalappearancetrongly esembling hatof a humanogoesbythe nameBaxter. Unlike otherginormous,bulky robots hat are designedo dolaborfor
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Belue3manufachring companies,axters"powerful,cheap,ersatile,and easy-to-set-up"Freedman).This friendly helperhaswo armswith fingerlikegnppersatthe end of eachone,atorso,and aheadconsistingof a computerscreen hat displaysalinedrawing of aface.Thisscreen-basedfacegoeshrough a rangeof emotions,suchas asleep,eutral,concentrating,ocused,surprised,confused, ndsad. If Baxter s calmlyworking, tsoofacao'showstheocusedxpression.fsomeone uddenlyapproaches,he eyesopen nsurprise. Baxter was designedo work rightalongsideemployees,o,as asafety eature,sensorswereplacedhroughout tsbody to detectwhenan employees approaching.f someoneetsoocloseoBarter,hewillautomaticallystopperforminghistask and shut off. While mostrobotsareprogrammedoperfonnonesimple,epetitiveask,Baxterscapablef beingtaughlo'multipleasksustashumanso,leamingeach nustminutes.Baxter'sarmswere ntendedobeguidabley hand. Thisdesignallows therobot to learn a task'smotionwiththe helpofa human,spot heobject, "feel"itswaythroughgnppingand maneuveringhe object,andrepeat hemotion slightly different each imeuntilithasmasteredhe technique. So, herewe havea robot that ooks ike ahumanoearnsandperformsasksefficiently andpossiblybetter han a human,ands safeoworkalongsidehumans. sitsafe o sayhis robotcanhink likea human, oo?Afterall, thatsa maingoal. .
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humanoid oboticsengineers reryingto achieve.naddition,Brooks says,o'Balrtercanbe
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taken utof thebox,setup, rained, ndputo work n about nehour.At$22,000ach-less\g"u6Shhi1
than hepriceof aminivan-it couldeasilypayor itself n months, avinga company30,000\taf"p1tt\
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eaxormore n laborcostsperrobot"(Freedman).hisgame-changingobot or manufacturingow'Ir-Coia15oo"companiess the definition of a dreamemployee. Butcould one man'sdreambe anotherman'stlnightnare?If Brook's ambitiousplanfor Baxterscarriedout as he hopes, hese obotswillreplaceumansn millions ofjobsinthe U.S. alone.Implementingheseobotsn the shoes f

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