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Viscometers assignment

Viscometers assignment

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Published by Vissen GoldenEye
4 common types of viscometers
4 common types of viscometers

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Vissen GoldenEye on Feb 04, 2013
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03/08/2013

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Name:
Jovani
Cohort
: Engineering Batch 2012-2014(MEE)
Module
: 10.Fluid Mechanic
Submitted to
: Mr.Arvind
Assigment onViscometers
October 31
2012
The principle of operation of the four common types of viscometers.
Reffered toB.S 188
 
 
Content
1)
 
Introduction
2)
 
Redwood viscometer
3)
 
Glass U-tube viscometer(BS 188)
 
4)
 
Falling Sphere viscometer(BS 188)
 
5)
 
Any form of rotational viscometer
6)
 
References
 
2
4) Falling sphere viscometers(BS188)
Stokes' lawis the basis of the falling sphere viscometer, in which the fluid is stationary in avertical glass tube. A sphere of known size and density is allowed to descend through the liquid. If correctly selected, it reachesterminal velocity,which can be measured by the time it takes to passtwo marks on the tube.
Creeping flow past a sphere
.Electronic sensing can be used for opaque fluids. Knowing the terminal velocity, the size anddensity of the sphere, and thedensityof the liquid, Stokes' law can be used to calculate theviscosityof the fluid. A series of steel ball bearings of different diameter is normally used in theclassic experiment to improve the accuracy of the calculation. The school experiment usesglycerineas the fluid, and the technique is used industrially to check the viscosity of fluids used inprocesses. It includes many different oils, andpolymerliquids such as solutions.In 1851,George Gabriel Stokesderived an expression for the frictional force (also calleddrag force)exerted on spherical objects with very smallReynolds numbers(e.g., very small particles) in a continuousviscousfluidby changing the small fluid-mass limit of the generally unsolvable Navier-Stokes equations: where:
 
is the frictional force,
 
is the radius of the spherical object,
 
is the fluid viscosity, and
 
is the particle's velocity.

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