SOLUTION TUTORIAL 1
A piece of copper is dropped into a beaker of water. If the water’s temperature rises, whathappens to the temperature of copper?Under what conditions are the water and copper in thermal equilibrium?
The copper’s temperature drops and the water temperature rises until both temperaturesare the same. Then the metal and the water are in thermal equilibrium.
Markings to indicate length are placed on a steel tape in a room that has a temperature of 22°C. Are measurements made with the tape on a day when the temperature is 27°C toolong, too short, or accurate? Defend your answer.
The measurements made with the heated steel tape will be too short—but only by a factorof of the measured length.3.
The sphere expands when heated, so that it no longer fits through the ring. With thesphere still hot, you can separate the sphere and ring by heating the ring. This moresurprising result occurs because the thermal expansion of the ring is not like the inflationof a blood-pressure cuff. Rather, it is like a photographic enlargement; every lineardimension, including the hole diameter, increases by the same factor. The reason for thisis that the atoms everywhere, including those around the inner circumference, push awayfrom each other. The only way that the atoms can accommodate the greater distances isfor the circumference—and corresponding diameter—to grow. This property was onceused to fit metal rims to wooden wagon and horse-buggy wheels. If the ring is heated andthe sphere left at room temperature, the sphere would pass through the ring with morespace to spare.