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gI closed sets

gI closed sets

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ON *
g
 I 
-CLOSED SETS IN IDEAL TOPOLOGICAL SPACES
1
O. RAVI,
2
S.THARMAR,
3
M. SANGEETHA AND
4
J. ANTONY REX RODRIGO
1
Department of Mathematics,P. M. Thevar College, Usilampatti, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India.E-mail : siingam@yahoo.com.
2
Department of Mathematics,R. V. S College of Engineering and Technology, Dindigul, Tamil Nadu, India.E-mail : tharmar11@yahoo.co.in.
3
Department of Mathematics,Yadava College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India.E-mail : sangeethaabi10@gmail.com.
4
Department of Mathematics,V. O. Chidambaram College, Thoothukudi, Tamil Nadu, India.E-mail : antonyrexrodrigo@yahoo.co.in.
Abstract.
In this paper we define and investigate the notions of *g
 I 
-closed setsand *g
 I 
-open sets in ideal topological spaces. A *g
 I 
-closed set is a new generaliza-tion of 
g
-closed sets due to Ravi and Tharmar [20].
1.
Introduction
Ideals in topological spaces have been considered since 1930. In 1990, once againJankovic and Hamlett [7], initiated the application of topological ideals in the general-ization of most fundamental properties in general topology. Recently Khan and Noiri[8] have introduced semi-local functions in ideal topological spaces. Compactness[5, 15, 19], connectedness, resolvability [3], submaximal spaces, extremally discon-nected spaces and separation axioms [1] have been generalized via topological idealsin the recent years.
2000
Mathematics Subject Classification.
54A05, Secondary 54D15, 54D30.
Key words and phrases.
local-function, semi-local function, *g
 I 
-closed set, *g
 I 
-open set,
g
-closedset, semi-
-closed set.
1
 
2
1
O. RAVI,
2
S.THARMAR,
3
M. SANGEETHA AND
4
J. ANTONY REX RODRIGO
By combining a topological space (X,
τ 
) and an ideal
 I 
on (X,
τ 
), Ravi and Tharmar[20] introduced the notion of 
g
-closed sets, further investigated and characterized
 I 
g
-closed sets and
g
-open sets by the use of the local function and obtained someof their properties. In this paper, we define and characterize *g
 I 
-closed sets and*g
 I 
-open sets in ideal topological spaces by the use of the semi-local function andinvestigate some of their properties. We notice that the notion of *g
 I 
-closed sets isa new generalization of 
g
-closed sets.2.
Preliminaries
An ideal
on a topological space (X,
τ 
) is a nonempty collection of subsets of Xwhich satisfies (i) A
and B
A
B
∈I 
and (ii) A
∈I 
and B
∈I
A
B
∈I 
. Givena topological space (X,
τ 
) with an ideal
on X and if 
(X) is the set of all subsets of X, a set operator (.)
:
(X)
(X), called a local function [10] of A with respect to
τ 
and
is defined as follows: for A
X, A
(
 I 
,
τ 
)=
{
x
X
|
U
A
/
for every U
τ 
(x)
}
where
τ 
(x)=
{
U
τ 
|
x
U
}
. We will make use of the basic facts about the localfunctions ([7], Theorem 2.3) without mentioning it explicitly. A Kuratowski closureoperator cl
(.) for a topology
τ 
(
 I 
,
τ 
), called the
-topology, finer than
τ 
is definedby cl
(A)=A
A
(
 I 
,
τ 
) [23]. When there is no chance for confusion, we will simplywrite A
for A
(
 I 
,
τ 
) and
τ 
for
τ 
(
 I 
,
τ 
). If 
is an ideal on X, then (X,
τ 
,
 I 
) is calledan ideal space.A subset A of an ideal space (X,
τ 
,
 I 
) is
-closed [7] (resp.
-dense in itself [6]) if A
A (resp. A
A
).By a space, we always mean a topological space (X,
τ 
) with no separation propertiesassumed. If A
X, cl(A) and int(A) will, respectively, denote the closure and theinterior of A in (X,
τ 
) and int
(A) will denote the interior of A in (X,
τ 
).
 
ON *
g
 I 
-CLOSED SETS IN IDEAL TOPOLOGICAL SPACES 3
Let Y be a subset of X. Then
Y  
=
{I 
0
Y
|
0
∈I}
is an ideal on Y and by (Y,
τ 
/Y,
 I 
Y  
) we denote the ideal topological subspace.A subset A of a topological space (X,
τ 
) is said to be regular open [22] (resp. regularclosed [22]) if int(cl(A))=A (resp. cl(int(A))=A). The finite union of regular opensets is said to be
π
-open [28]. The complement of 
π
-open set is said to be
π
-closed.
Definition 2.1.
A subset A of a topological space (X,
τ 
) is said to be semi-open 
[11]
(resp.
α
-open 
[16]
) if A
cl(int(A)) (resp. A
int(cl(int(A)))).
The complement of semi-open set (resp.
α
-open set) is said to be semi-closed (resp.
α
-closed).The family of all semi-open (resp.
α
-open, regular open,
π
-open) sets in X isdenoted by SO(X) (resp.
τ 
α
, RO(X),
π
O(X)).
Definition 2.2.
A subset A of a topological space (X,
τ 
) is said to be g-closed 
[12]
(resp.
ˆ
g
-closed 
[24]
,
π
g-closed 
[4]
, rg-closed 
[18]
) if cl(A)
U whenever A
U and U is open (resp. semi-open,
π
-open, regular open).
The complements of the above closed sets are called their respective open sets.The family of all ˆ
g
-open sets in (X,
τ 
) is a topology on X and it is denoted byˆ
g
O(X). The family of all g-open sets in X is denoted by gO(X).The ˆ
g
-closure (resp. semi-closure,
α
-closure) of a subset A of X, denoted by ˆ
g
cl(A)(resp. scl(A),
α
cl(A)) is defined to be the intersection of all ˆ
g
-closed sets (resp.semi-closed sets,
α
-closed sets) containing A.
Definition 2.3.
A subset A of a topological space (X,
τ 
) is said to be *g-closed 
[26]
if cl(A)
U whenever A
U and U is 
ˆ
g
-open in (X,
τ 
).

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