To show how the platinum resistance thermometer works and how toconnect it correctly.2)
To show the linearity of the platinum resistance thermometer (PRT).3)
To prove that the platinum resistance thermometer is good for use asreference temperature sensor for all the other experiments.
Introduction and Theory:
Resistance thermometers, also called resistance temperature detectors (RTDs),are sensors used to measure temperature by correlating the resistance of theRTD element with temperature. Most RTD elements consist of a length of finecoiled wire wrapped around a ceramic or glass core. The element is usuallyquite fragile, so it is often placed inside a sheathed probe to protect it. The RTDelement is made from a pure material, platinum, nickel or copper. Theresistance thermometer in this equipment uses a thin platinum wire so it iscalled Platinum Resistance Thermometers (PRTs). A sealed metal tube withinsulation contains the thermometer for protection against the conductive orcorrosive properties of any liquids that you put the thermometer into.
Resistance to Temperature Conversion
The RTD is a more linear device than the thermocouple, but it still requires curve-fitting. TheCallendar-Van Dusen equation has been used for years to approximate the RTD curve:Where:R
= Resistance at Temperature TR
= Resistance at T = 0ºC
= Temperature coefficient at T = 0ºC ((typically +0.00392
= 1.49 (typical value for .00392 platinum)
= 0 T > 00. 11 (typical) T < 0