Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
P. 1
PRT Calibration Report

PRT Calibration Report

Ratings: (0)|Views: 7|Likes:
Published by ميسرة
PRT Calibration
PRT Calibration

More info:

Categories:Types, Research
Published by: ميسرة on May 09, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
See more
See less

08/31/2014

 
 1
1.
 
Objectives
:
1)
 
To show how the platinum resistance thermometer works and how toconnect it correctly.2)
 
To show the linearity of the platinum resistance thermometer (PRT).3)
 
To prove that the platinum resistance thermometer is good for use asreference temperature sensor for all the other experiments.
2.
 
Introduction and Theory:
 Resistance thermometers, also called resistance temperature detectors (RTDs),are sensors used to measure temperature by correlating the resistance of theRTD element with temperature. Most RTD elements consist of a length of finecoiled wire wrapped around a ceramic or glass core. The element is usuallyquite fragile, so it is often placed inside a sheathed probe to protect it. The RTDelement is made from a pure material, platinum, nickel or copper. Theresistance thermometer in this equipment uses a thin platinum wire so it iscalled Platinum Resistance Thermometers (PRTs). A sealed metal tube withinsulation contains the thermometer for protection against the conductive orcorrosive properties of any liquids that you put the thermometer into.
Resistance to Temperature Conversion
 The RTD is a more linear device than the thermocouple, but it still requires curve-fitting. TheCallendar-Van Dusen equation has been used for years to approximate the RTD curve:Where:R
T
= Resistance at Temperature TR
o
= Resistance at T = 0ºC
α
= Temperature coefficient at T = 0ºC ((typically +0.00392
Ω
/
Ω
/ºC))
δ
= 1.49 (typical value for .00392 platinum)
β
= 0 T > 00. 11 (typical) T < 0
 
 2
Figure 1: The Platinum Resistance Thermometer used in the presentexperimentFigure 2: Wires on the Resistance Thermometer (RTD)
Ohm’s Law
 
In 1827, a physicist George Ohm published his discovery that all electrical circuitsobey a simple relationship:“The current passing through a conductor is directly proportional to the voltage dropand inversely proportional to the resistance of the conductor”.
I= V/R
Where:I= currentV=voltageR=Resistance
 
 3
3.
 
Apparatus:
 
 
TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT AND CALIBRATION (TD400), as shown.
 
It consist of electrical board which contain Wheatstone bridge,constant voltage connection, constant current connection, two digitalscreens and some resistors to substitute long in wires.
 
Have eight different popular temperature measuring devices, and athermo well to show temperature lag.
 
Uses a platinum resistance thermometer as a reference to accuratelycalibrate the other devices.
 
Shows how electrical resistance devices and thermocouples work,their characteristics and how to connect them correctly to reducemeasurement errors.
 
Includes liquid-in-glass thermometers with safe non-toxic liquid - nomercury.
 
Built-in water heater tank with protective guard and drain tap for safeexperiments.
 
Works with TecQuipment’s Versatile Data Acquisition System forsimple and reliable recording and processing of resultsBuilt-in pressure sensor (barometer) with display of local water boiling temperature.
 Fig (3):
TD400
 

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->