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Published by: European Southern Observatory on May 07, 2009
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02/01/2013

No. 78 -
D ecem ber 1994
P le a s e p a y p a r tic u la r a tte n tio n to th e a r tic leo n p a g e3 :" S c ie n c eo nL a S illain th e V L T E ra "
a n d to th e" Q u e s tio n n a ir e to th e E S C C o m m u n ity " w h ic his d is tr ib u te d w ith th is is s u e o fT h eM essenger
C u rre n t S ta tu s o f E S C
S p e e c h to th e S ta ff a t th e E S O G a rc h in g H e a d q u a rte rs o n D e c e m b e r6 , 1 9 9 4
R .G IA C C O N I, D ire c to r G e n e ra lo f E S O
T h e p a s t y e a r s a w a n u m b e r o f im p o r -
ta n t d e v e lo p m e n tsin
a n d
a ro u n d

E S O . C o n s id e rin g a ll o f th e s e to g e th e r m a k e s m e fe e l c o n fid e n t a b o u t th e fu tu re o f th is o r g a n iz a tio n

a n d
o u r a b ility to
s u c c e s s -
fu lly c o m p le te th e c u r r e n t m a jo r ta s k , th e
V L T p ro je c t.

I h e re s u m m a riz e th e m o s t im p o rta n t is s u e s .Itis o b v io u s th a t w ith E S O 's m a n y s im u lta n e o u s

a n d
q u ite
d iv e r s e
u n d e r-

ta k in g s , w e a re s tro n g e rinc e rta in a re a s th a nino th e rs . W h ile w e h a v e d o n e q u ite w e llins o m e , w e m u s t try to im p ro v e o u r p e rfo rm a n c eino th e rs .

1 .V is itin g C o m m itte e R e p o rt
U n til r e c e n tly , E S O w a s u n iq u e a m o n g
la rg e
a s tro n o m y
o r g a n iz a tio n s
in
n o t
h a v in g
a "V isiting
C o m m itte e " to

e v a lu - a te its s c ie n tific a n d te c h n o lo g ic a l p e rfo r- m a n c e . Im m e d ia te ly a fte r I c a m e to E S O , I th e re fo re

e s ta b lis h e d
s u c h
a
C o m m it-
te e
w ith
th e
fo llo w in g
d is tin g u is h e d
a s -
tro n o m e rs a s m e m b e rs :A .B o k s e n b e rg
(R o y a l O b s e rv a to rie s , U K ),C .F ra n s s o n
(S to c k h o lm
O b s e rv a to ry ,
S w e d e n ),
K .
F r e e m a n (M t. S tr o m lo a n d S id in g S p rin g
O b s e rv a to ry ,
A u s tra lia ),
J .
G e is s
(U n i-
v e rs ita t
B e rn ,
S w itz e rla n d ),
J .
H u c h ra
(H a rv a rd
S m ith s o n ia n

C e n te r fo r A s tro - p h y s ic s , U S A ),R .K u d ritz k i (U n iv e rs ita ts - S te rn w a rte

M u n c h e n , G e rm a n y ),G .M i-
le y
(S te rre w a c h t
L e id e n ,
T h e
N e th e r-
la n d s ; C h a ir),
G .
M o n n e t (O b s e rv a to ire
d e L y o n , F ra n c e ).
F o llo w in g
in te n s e
w o rk
th a t in c lu d e d
v is its
t o
E S O 's
in s ta lla tio n s
in
E u ro p e
a n d
C h ile
a n d
d is c u s s io n s
w ith
m any
s ta ff m e m b e rs , th e
E S O
V is itin g
C om -
m itte e
has now
d e liv e r e d
its p r e lim in a r y
re p o rt a b o u t th e
s c ie n tific s id e

of ESO. W ith o u t g o in g in to its m a n y d e ta ile d o b - s e rv a tio n s

a n d
re c o m m e n d a tio n s ,
it
is
s a tis fy in g to n o te th a tit a g r e e s v e r y w e ll
w ith
o u r p e r c e iv e d
m is s io n
of ESO.T o -
g e th e r w ith
th e
A u d it

re p o rt a b o u t th e m o re p ro g ra m m a tic s id e , e a rlie r re le a s e d b y th e

T e a m
h e a d e d
b y
N .L u n d , th e y
fo rm
a n im p o rta n t b a s is o f u n d e r s ta n d in g
E S O 's
s tre n g th s
a n d
w e a k n e s s e s
a n d
p r o v id e u s w ith
a c le a r ro a d
m a p to im -
p ro v e m e n t.
In
p a rtic u la r,
th e
re p o rt o f th e
V is it-
in g
C o m m itte e
s ta te s
th a tE S O

s h o u ld p r o v id e fa c ilitie s w h ic h w ill e n a b le E u ro - p e a n a s tro n o m e rstoc a rry o u t o u ts ta n d - in g s c ie n c e th a t c a n b e tte r b e d o n ein

a
g lo b a l E u r o p e a n c o n te x t th a n n a tio n a lly
a n d th a t th e p a r a m o u n t c rite rio nin d e te r-
m in in g
r e la tiv e
p rio ritie s
s h o u ld
b e th a t
o fs c ie n tific e x c e lle n c e .T h e C o m m itte e
fin d s th a t s e v e ra l a s p e c ts o f E S O
h a v e
b e e n m o r e r e s p o n s iv e to s c ie n tific p rio r-
itie sin th e re c e n t y e a r s .
T h e
re p o rt
fu rth e rm o re
n o te s
th a t
th e re
is
a s e v e re s h o rta g e o f s ta ff b o th
in
G a r c h in g
a n d
at La
S illa .
A n
im p o r-
ta n t p a rt c o n c e n tra te so nth e
E S O
s ta ff
a s tro n o m e rs , th e ir fu n c tio n a l d u tie s a n d
re s e a rc h
p ro g ra m m e s ; w ith o u t g o o d a s -
tro n o m e rs
itw ill b e
im p o s s ib le
t o
c a rry
th ro u g h
E S O 's v e r y
d iv e r s e s e r v ic e s to
th e s c ie n tific c o m m u n itie sinth e m e m b e r
c o u n trie s .

T h e V is itin g C o m m itte e a ls o d is c u s s e s m a n y a s p e c ts o f th e V L T p ro je c t.Itiso f th e o p in io n , a n d I fu lly c o n c u r, th a t a b e t\ue000 te r a n d

c le a r e r tie -in
b e tw e e n
th e
V LT
p r o je c t a n d th e s c ie n tific re q u ire m e n tsis
n e e d e d fo r th e
fu tu re . I c e r ta in ly

in te n d to p u r s u e th is g o a l w ith g r e a t z e a l.Ita ls o s tre s s e s th a t th e n u m b e r o f in s tru m e n ts c u rre n tly b e in g c o n s tru c te disin s u ffic ie n t toe x p lo it th e V L T a d e q u a te ly .

T h e C o m m itte e a tta c h e s g re a t im p o r\ue000
ta n c e
to
th e
in te rfe ro m e tric
c a p a b ilitie s
o f th e
V L T a n d s ta te s th a tfa ilu re
toim -
p le m e n t th e
V LT Iw ill d im in is h th e e ffe c -
tiv e n e s so fth e V L T in v e s tm e n t fo r E u ro -
p e a n s c ie n c e .F in a lly , th eL aS illa O b s e r \ue000
v a to r y re c e iv e s c o n s id e r a b le a tte n tio nin
th e
re p o rt. W h ile th e C o m m itte e

isg e n \ue000 e r a lly im p r e s s e d b y th e q u a lity a n d m a n \ue000 a g e m e n t o f th e o b s e rv a to ry ,itdoes com \ue000 m ento nc e rta in s h o rtc o m in g s a n d m a k e s a n u m b e r o f s u g g e s tio n s fo r c h a n g e s .

T h e
w o rk
o f th e
V is itin g

C o m m itte e h a s b e e n e x tr e m e ly u s e fu l a n d th is ty p e o f s u rv e y o f E S O

w ill from
n o w
o n
b e \ue000
com e
a
p e rm a n e n t
fe a tu re
to
b e
re \ue000
p e a te d
e v e ry tw o

y e a rs . I m o re o v e r in \ue000 te n d to s ta yinc o n ta c t w ith th e m e m b e r s o f th e V is itin g C o m m itte e a n dtoa s k fo r th e ir a d v ic eo nim p o rta n t m a tte rs , fo r in \ue000 s ta n c einc o n n e c tio n w ith

a p p o in tm e n ts o f n e w s ta ffins e n io r p o s itio n s .Itis v e r y o b v io u s

th a t
E S O
n e e d s
th e

best as\ue000 tro n o m e rs a n d th a t w e m u s t ta k e im m e \ue000 d ia te s te p stow o rk to w a rd s b e tte r in te r\ue000 a c tio n b e tw e e n o u r g e o g r a p h ic a lly s e p a \ue000 ra te lo c a tio n s :inth e fu tu re , E S O

s h o u ld
becom e
o n e
o b s e rv a to ry
w ith
tw o
o b -
s e r v in g s ite s .I w ill m e n tio n o th e r a c tio n s
inr e s p o n s e to th is re p o rt la te rin th is ta lk .
2 .
C h ile
Y oua re a ll a w a re th a t th e fu tu re
re la \ue000
tio n s b e tw e e n th e R e p u b lic o f C h ile a n d
E S O
a re
b e in g
d is c u s s e d
a tth is
m o\ue000
m e n t, m o s t n o ta b ly d u rin g
th e

n e g o tia \ue000 tio n s th a t w ill e v e n tu a lly le a dtoa nIn te r\ue000 p re ta tiv e , S u p p le m e n ta r y a n d A m e n d in g A g r e e m e n t b e tw e e n th e tw o .

T h e
m a in
p o in ts
a re
c o n c e rn e d
w ith
th e
g ra n tin g
o f
g u a ra n te e d
o b s e r v in g
tim e
tos c ie n tific a lly m e rito rio u s o b s e r v \ue000
in g
p ro g ra m m e s
p ro p o s e d
b y
C h ile a n
a s tro n o m e rs , m a n y
o f w h ic h
w illb e
in
c o lla b o r a tio n
w ith
a s tro n o m e rs fro m
th e
E S O m e m b e r c o u n trie s ,a sw e ll a sin c o r \ue000
p o ra tio n
o f e le m e n ts
o f C h ile a n
la b o u r
le g is la tio n
in to
E S O
R u le s a n d
R e g u la \ue000
tio n s fo r L o c a l S ta ff.
T h e reisn o d o u b t th a t b o th
E S O
a n d
C h ile w ill g a in fro m
th is n e w A g re e m e n t,
o n c eithas been
ra tifie d
b y th e C h ile a n
P a r lia m e n t a n d th e E S O C o u n c il.
3 .
C o u n c il M e e tin g
T h e E S O C o u n c il m e t d u r in gits re g u \ue000
la r w in te r m e e tin go nN ovem ber3 0 and
2

D e c e m b e r1 ,1 9 9 4 .It to o k a n u m b e r o f d e c is io n s o f im p o r ta n c e fo r th e o r g a n iz a \ue000 tio n a n ditss ta ff.

Inp a rtic u la r,it c o n firm e d a1 9 9 5 b u d \ue000
g e t
fo r
E S O
a t
th e
le v e l
o f
1 3 8
m il\ue000
lio nD Ma n d a p p r o v e d a p la n n in g b u d g e t
fo r1 9 9 6 -9 8a t1 4 1
m illio n
D M
(a t1 9 9 5

c o s t). I n o te th a t th is re p re s e n ts a 1 2 p e r c e n t in c r e a s einth e E S O b u d g e t a t a tim e w h e n m o s t re s e a rc h p ro g ra m m e sinth e m e m b e r c o u n trie s

h a v e
d iffic u ltie s ; th is
e n s u re s
th a t s te a d y
p ro g re s s
w ill c o n \ue000
tin u e
fo r th e
a ll-im p o rta n t V L T
p ro je c t.
S till, C o u n c il a ls o
re q u e s te d
a 3 m illion
D M
re d u c tio no n th e e x p e n d itu r e s id e fo r
1 9 9 5
a s
c o m p a re d
to
th e
a lre a d y v e ry
tig h t p r o p o s a l o f th e E S O
E x e c u tiv e a n d
itisn o wu pto

u sto c a rry th is o u tin th e m o s t e ffic ie n tw ay.Itw ill n o t b e e a s y , b u t Ia m

c o n fid e n t th a t w ith
th e
a c tiv e

a n d p o s itiv e in v o lv e m e n t o f a ll o f y o u ,itc a n b ed o n eina n e ffic ie n t a n d s e n s ib lew ay.

C o u n c il a ls o a p p ro v e d o u r p ro p o s a l fo r s ta ff s a la r ie s n e x t y e a r,a sw e ll a sth e c u r\ue000 re n t E S O

p la n s fo r R u le so nT ra n s fe r o f
S ta fftoC h ile fo r th e V L T C o m m is s io n in g .
4 .
V L TH ig h lig h ts

T h eV LT p ro je c t h a s b e e n p ro g re s s in g w e ll d u rin g th e p a s t y e a r.A sa v e r y v is ib le d e m o n s tr a tio n o f th is , m o s to fyou have p r o b a b ly s e e n

th e
tw o
e n o r m o u s s c a le
m o d e ls
o f th e
p rim a ry
m ir r o r c e ll,
n o w
o nd is p la yin th e te n t o u ts id e th e
H ead\ue000
q u a rte rs
b u ild in g . T h e y p r o v id e
u sw ith
a d r a m a tic im p r e s s io n o f th e re a l s iz e o f
th is e n o r m o u s te le s c o p e .
W e
a re
a t th is
m om ent
p r o c e e d in g
w ith
n e g o tia tio n s o f th e c o n tr a c t fo r th is
c e ll, a n d
ita p p e a r s th a t, d e s p ite
som e
d e la y s
w ith
th e
c o n tra c t
fo r
th e
s e c \ue000
o n d a ry
m irro r, fir s t lig h t o f th e
firs t u n it
V L T t e le s c o p e w ill o n ly b e d e la y e d b y a
fe w
m o n th s .Itisn o w
e x p e c te dto
h a p \ue000
p e n
a t th e e n d
o f1 9 9 7 ,p o s s ib ly a t th e
b e g in n in g o f1 9 9 8 .

T h e c iv il e n g in e e r in g w o r k a t P a r a n a l isp ro c e e d in g a t v e ry h ig h s p e e d . T h e re a re

n o w
tw ic e
a s
m any
p e o p le
o n
th e
m o u n ta in a s o r ig in a lly fo re s e e n , w o r k in g
s h ifts a r o u n d th e c lo c k .
T h e im p o rta n c e w e a tta c hto
k e e p in g
o p e n
th e
in te rfe ro m e tric
o p tio n
fo r
th e
V LTisu n d e r lin e d b y th e re c e n t a p p o in t\ue000
m ent ofF .
P a re s c e a s V LT I p r o je c t s c i\ue000
e n tis t. T h e r e w ill b e aV L T IS y m p o s iu m
inth e s p r in g o f1 9 9 5 a n d th e c o n tin u e d
d riv e
to w a rd s
m e m b e r s h ip
o f A u s tr a lia
w ill h a v e a m a jo r im p a c to nth is a re a o f
th e V L T p ro je c t.

A V L T S y s te m G ro u p h e a d e d b yT .A n\ue000 d e rs e nisb e in g c re a te d a n d w e h a v e p ro \ue000 d u c e da ne n d -to -e n d V L T m o d e l.

T h e V L T in s tru m e n ta tio niso ns c h e d \ue000
u le
and a new
In s tru m e n ta tio n
D iv is io n
h a s
b e e n
c re a te d
w ith
G .
Monnet as
H ead.
J .
B e le tic
h a s
b e e n
a p p o in te d
H ead
of a
n e w
C C D
G ro u p
w h ic h
w ill
h e lp E S O
to c a tc hu pinth is v e ry im p o r\ue000
ta n t fie ld .
W e w ill g e ta n
o v e r v ie w

o f th e fu tu re n e e d s fo r V L T in s tr u m e n ta tio n w h e n th e V ig ro u x C o m m itte e d e liv e rsitsre p o rta t th e e x tra o rd in a ry S T C M e e tin gin F e b ru \ue000 a ry

1 9 9 5 .A n o th e r W o rk in g
G ro u p
h a s
b e e n
s e tu p
t h a t w ill ta k e
a
c lo s e
lo o k
a tw h ic h te le s c o p e s a n d in s tr u m e n ts w ill
b e
n e e d e da tLa S illa
inth e y e a r 2 0 0 0 .

I e x p e c t th a tinc lo s e c o n fo r m ity w ith th e m a in g o a ls o f E S O , th is o r g a n iz a tio n w ill th e n o n ly b e r e s p o n s ib le fo r s o m e m a jo r in s tr u m e n ts th e re w h ic h c o u ld n o t e a s ily b eru nb y in d iv id u a l c o u n tr ie s .

O ne
o fth e
m a jo r is s u e s
n o w
fa c in g
u s
isth e
e la b o ra tio n
o f a C h ile

O p e ra \ue000 tio n s P la n w h ic h e n s u r e s th a t E S O 'sfu \ue000 tu re fa c ilitie sin th a t c o u n tr y c a nb e o p ti\ue000 m a lly e x p lo ite dinth e n e w c e n tu ry . A p ro \ue000 v is io n a l d o c u m e n t w a s

p re p a re d
b y
D .

B a a d e a n dJ . C ro c k e r.It w a s p re s e n te d a t th e re c e n t m e e tin g s o f S T C a n d C o u n \ue000 c il, b o th

o f w h ic h

e x p re s s e d a g re e m e n t toth e g e n e ra l id e a s . T h e p la n s h o w s th a t itw ill

in
p r in c ip le
b e
p o s s ib le
to
b rin g
d o w n th e c o s ts o f o p e ra tin g th e V LT ,a s
c o m p a re d
to
e a r lie r e s tim a te s . T h e
im \ue000
p o rta n t a s p e c tisth a t b y b u ild in g a ll th e
rig h t fe a tu re s in to th e o p e ra tio n fro m

th e v e r y b e g in n in g , th e r e w ill b e n o n e e d to m a k e e x p e n s iv e a d ju s tm e n ts a fte rw a rd s .

Itisth e o v e r a ll a im
to e n s u re th a t th e
b e s t p o s s ib le
s c ie n c e w illb e
d o n e w ith

th e V LT .T h e p la n th e re fo re fo re s e e s th a t E S O w ill b e c o m e r e s p o n s ib le fo r th e s c i\ue000 e n tific q u a lity o f th e o b s e r v a tio n s , th a tis , b y p u ttin g

a lo t o f e m p h a s iso n c a lib r a \ue000 tio n a n d m o n ito r in g a n d im p r o v e m e n t o f in s tru m e n ta l p e rfo rm a n c e . T h is

c a n
b e
d o n e w ith
le s s s ta ff th a n

o r ig in a lly fo re \ue000 s e e n a n d w ith a s ig n ific a n t a m o u n t o f s e r\ue000 v ic e o b s e r v in ga sth e c e n tra l fe a tu re .

I ta k e g re a t p e rs o n a l in te re s tinth e s e m a tte rs a n d lo o k fo rw a rd to le a rn th e e x \ue000 p e r ie n c e

w ith
th e
N TT
d u rin g
th e
n e x t
y e a rs w h e n p a rts o f th e c o n c e p ts fo r th e
V L T w illb etrie d o u t.
A ls o
in
th is
c o n n e c tio n , w e
a re
n o w
ta k in g
th e
n e c e s s a ry
s te p s
to
s e t
u p
a
V LT
A s s e m b ly -V e rific a tio n -In te g ra tio n
(A V I)g ro u p .
5 .
S c ie n tific A c tiv itie s
J .B e rg e ro n w a s a p p o in te d A s s o c ia te
D ire c to r
fo r
S c ie n c e .
R e g u la r
F a c u lty
M e e tin g s
a re
n o w
ta k in g
p la c e
w ith
th e p a r tic ip a tio n o f E S O

s e n io r s c ie n tific s ta ff. A t th e s a m e tim e , th e n e w in te r n a l S c ie n tific

P o lic y
C o m m itte e
(S P C )
h a s
w o r k e d v e r y s u c c e s s fu lly .

T h e r e h a v e b e e n a n u m b e r o f s c ie n tific m e e tin g s d u r in g th e p a s t y e a r, in c lu d in g th e

v e ry
s u c c e s s fu l W o rk s h o p s
o n
th e
U seo fth e V L Tin J u n e a n d Q u a s a r A b \ue000
s o rp tio n
L in e sin
N o v e m b e r. T h e c o m e t
im p a c to nJ u p ite rin
J u ly p r o v id e d
E S O
w ith
a n
o p p o rtu n ityto
in te ra c tin a v e ry
p o s itiv e w a y w ith th e m e d ia a n d th e p u b \ue000
lic .
E d u c a tio n a l is s u e s
w e re
d is c u s s e d
d u rin g
th e
jo in t E U /E S O
W o rk s h o p
o n
T e a c h in g o f A s t r o n o m yin E u r o p e 's S e c \ue000
o n d a ry S c h o o ls .
In
C h ile ,
th e
E S O
s ta ff a s tro n o m e rs
w e re
re -Io c a te d
to the
V ita c u ra o ffic e
in
S a n tia g o .
F ro m
n o w
o n
th e y

w ill w o r k h e re w h e n th e y a re n o t a tL aS illa . T h is w ill p r o b a b ly a ls o r e s u ltinb e tte r c o n ta c ts w ith th e ir C h ile a n c o lle a g u e s .

6 .
A d m in is tra tiv e M a tte rs
M r.
W .
B u s c h m e ie r
to o k
o v e r
a s
H e a d o f A d m in is tr a tio n a n d a m o n g m a n y
o th e r ta s k sisr e s p o n s ib le fo r th e im p le -
m e n ta tio n
o fth e
W o rk
P a c k a g e
S tru c \ue000
tu re
(W P S ); th e
M a n a g e m e n t In fo rm a \ue000
tio n S y s te m

(M IS )iss till to c o m e . T h e s e c h a n g e s m u s t b e a c c o m p a n ie d b y a v e ry c a re fu l s c ru tin y o f th e w a y E S O

s p e n d s its m o n e y . A lth o u g h th e b u d g e t o f o u r o r\ue000 g a n iz a tio n m a y s e e m la rg e , w e a ls o h a v e m any

ta s k s
to
c a rry
o u t.W e

m ust set s tr ic t p r io r itie s a n d a v o id a ll u n n e c e s s a r y e x p e n s e s .

7 .
B a s ic T h e m e s fo r 1 9 9 5
F in a lly , I s ta te h e re s o m e o f th e b a s ic
th e m e s fo r 1 9 9 5 :
\u2022
E x c e lle n c eins c ie n c e
\u2022
S c ie n tific p rio ritie sinV L T I,V LTa n d
L a S illa o p e r a tio n s
\u2022
S c ie n tific m e th o d o lo g y
\u2022
V L T E x e c u tio n
\u2022
V L T ID e s ig n a n d P la n n in g
\u2022
L a S illa r e d u c tio ninq u a n titya n d
im p r o v e m e n tin q u a lity
\u2022
S h ift fro m
d e v e lo p m e n tto
o p e ra tio n s
\u2022
Im p ro v e m e n tine ffic ie n c y
\u2022
B e tte r fis c a l a n d m a n a g e m e n t
c o n tro l
W e
want ESO
to
b e
o n e o f th e
b e s t

o b s e rv a to rie sinth e w o rld , if p o s s ib le th e b e s t o n e . T h is c a n b e d o n e , b u titw ill n o t b e

easy! Let us
w o rk to g e th e r to w a rd s
th is c o m m o n g o a l!
S c ie n c e o n L a S illain th e V L T E ra
J .A N D E R S E N ,C h a irm a n , E S O -S T C
O v e r th e

n e x t6 -8 y e a rs , th e V LT w ill e n te r fu ll o p e ra tio no n P a ra n a l. C o n s tru c \ue000 tio n

isg o in g a h e a d fu ll b la s to n a ll te le \ue000
s c o p e s a n d th e in s tru m e n ts fo rU T 1
a n d
2 ,w h ile in s tr u m e n ta tio n p la n s fo r U T3 \ue000
4
a re
in
th e
d e fin itio n
phase. The
re \ue000
c e n t E S O W o r k s h o po n " S c ie n c e w ith th e
V L T "w a s o n e o f th e w a y sin w h ic h E S O
isin v o lv in gits u s e r c o m m u n ityin th e p ro \ue000
c e s s o f d e fin in g th e fin a l V L T in s tr u m e n \ue000
ta tio n p ro g ra m m e .
In
th e
V LT
e ra ,
th e
fu n c tio n s
a n d

b o u n d a r y c o n d itio n s o f th e L a S illa o b s e r \ue000 v a to ry w ill n o d o u b t s e e d ra s tic c h a n g e s , fo r tw o m a in re a s o n s :

1 .M a n y o f th e h ig h e s t p rio rity s c ie n tific p ro g ra m m e s w ill m o v etoth e V LT . E x p e \ue000 rie n c e s h o w s th a t n e w ta s k s fo r m e d iu m \ue000 s iz e t e le s c o p e s w ill a ls o a p p e a r .

2 .Inm a k in g la rg e in v e s tm e n tsin
o u r
u n iq u e n e w
re s e a rc h to o lintim e s o f fi\ue000
n a n c ia l h a rd s h ip , o u r g o v e rn m e n ts
e x \ue000
p e c t,inre tu rn , th a t w e trim

a ll E S O o p e r \ue000 a tio n s a n d o p tim iz e th e s c ie n tific o u tp u t o f o u r re s o u rc e s .

T h e
V LT
p r o je c tisp r o c e e d in g v ig o r\ue000
o u s ly
o n
a
c r e d ib le
s c h e d u le .
M o d e rn
m a n a g e m e n t to o ls a re
g o in g
in to
p la c e
w h ic h w ill a llo w ra tio n a l c o s t/b e n e fit a n a l\ue000
yses. Thus
th e
tim e
is
rip e
to
p re p a re
s p e c ific p la n s fo r th e lo n g -te rm
fu tu re
o f
L aS illa .
A N e w W o rk in g G ro u p

T h e D ire c to r G e n e ra l h a s a p p o in te d a s m a ll W o r k in g G r o u ptoa d d r e s s th e title s u b je c t o f th is

a r tic le .Itsta s k
isto
p ro \ue000
p o s e a lo n g -te rm
p la n fo r th e e q u ip m e n t
a n d o p e r a tio n o f L a S illa , c o n s is te n t w ith
th e s c ie n tific p r io r itie s
o f th e c o m m u n ity
a n d w ith th e a v a ila b le r e s o u r c e s .
M e m b e rs
o f th e
W o r k in g
G ro u p
a re ,
fro m
E S O : J a c q u e lin e
B e rg e ro n , A s s o \ue000
c ia te
D ir e c to r fo r S c ie n c e ; J im
C ro c k e r,
H ead
o f P ro g ra m m e
O ffic e ; a n d
J o rg e
M e ln ic k ,
H ead
o f O p e ra tio n s ,
L a
S illa ;
fro m
th e U s e rs C o m m itte e : M ic h e l D e n \ue000
n e fe ld
a n d
H ans
S c h ild ;
a n d
fro m
th e
S T C :
J o h a n n e s
A n d e rs e n
(C h a ir)
a n d
S e rg io
O rto la n i.
T h e
W o r k in g
G ro u p
m ay
c o -o p t
a d d itio n a l
m e m b e rs
la te r,
b u t s tre s s e s fro m
th e o u ts e t th a t o n e o f
its
m o s t im p o rta n t ta s k s
isto

o r g a n iz e th e w id e s t p o s s ib le c o n s u lta tio n w ith th e E S O

u s e r c o m m u n ity .
T h e
firs t fu ll- d a y fo rm a l m e e tin g

w as h e ldo nO c to b e r 2 7 . T h e W o rk in g G ro u p s e tu p

a
s c h e d u le fo rits

w o rk , d e fin e d its s tr a te g y fo r c o n s u ltin g th e c o m m u n ity , a n d

id e n tifie d
a n d
s tru c tu re d
th e
m a in
q u e s tio n stoa d d re s s . S o m e firs t re c o m \ue000
m e n d a tio n s w ill b e n e e d e d fo r th e
1 9 9 6
b u d g e t p r o p o s a l.
A C a ll to th e C o m m u n ity

C le a rly ,n o c r e d ib le p la n n in g c a n s ta r t b e fo re th e s c ie n tific p la n s a n d p rio ritie s o f th e

u s e r c o m m u n ity a re

known. Hence, th e firs t a c tio n o f th e W o rk in g G ro u pisto is s u e a c a llto th e c o m m u n ity fo r a d v ic e , d ir e c tio n

a n d
h e lp
in
o u r fu rth e r w o rk ,
th ro u g h
th is
a rtic le
a n d

a c c o m p a n y in g q u e s tio n n a ir e (a ls o d is tr ib u te d d ire c tly b y m a il).

T o
a v o id
m is u n d e r s ta n d in g
w e
em \ue000
p h a s iz eth a t,a tth is
tim e ,
th e re

isno a p r io r i lim it o n th e n u m b e r, s iz eo rin s tru \ue000 m e n ta tio no fE S O te le s c o p e sto b e o p e r\ue000 a te d o nL aS illain th e fu tu re ,n o ro n th e o p e r a tio n a l c o s ts .

C le a rly , th e fin a l p la n m u s t c o n fo r m
to
th e r e a litie s o f o u r lim ite d r e s o u r c e s , b u t
n o
id e a
o r s u g g e s tio n
s h o u ld
b e
w ith \ue000
h e ld
a t th is tim e
b e c a u s e ru m o u rs s u g -
g e s t th a t s o m e s p e c ific c u t h a sd e fa c to
b e e n d e c id e d a lr e a d y :ith a s n o t.
T h e K e y Q u e s tio n s
In
o rd e rto
fa c ilita te
a s tru c tu re d
d is \ue000

c u s s io n , th e W o r k in g G r o u p h a s d e fin e d a fe w m a in p r o g r a m m e c a te g o r ie s w ith in w h ic h n e e d s c a n b e a s s e s s e d :

S ta n d - a lo n e p r o g r a m m e s fo r L a S illa
W h ic h p r o g r a m m e s w ill c o n tin u eto b e
d o n e b e s t (o n ly ? ) fro m
L a S illa ?
P re p a ra tio n s fo r V L T p ro g ra m m e s
W h ic h
(n e w )
p ro g ra m m e s
w ill
b e
n e e d e d to p re p a re V L T p ro je c ts ?
F o llo w -u po fV L T p ro g ra m m e s
W h ic h
(n e w ) p r o g r a m m e s fo rL a S illa
w ill b e g e n e r a te d b y th e V LT ?
V L T p ro g ra m m e o ff-lo a d in g
W h ic h
(n e w )
p ro g ra m m e s
c a n
b e
d o n e m o s t e ffic ie n tlyinta n d e m
b e tw e e n
th e V L T a n d L a S illa ?
In
a ll o f th e s e
ty p e s

o fp ro g ra m m e , y o u r s c ie n tific n e e d s w ill tr a n s la te in tore \ue000 q u ir e m e n ts fo rL a S illa a n dits in s tr u m e n \ue000 ta tio n . S o m e o f th e s e d e r iv e d q u e s tio n s a re

lis te d

b e lo w ; p le a s e c o n s id e r th e m , b u t b y n o m e a n s fe e l lim ite d to th e s e to p \ue000 ic s :

\u2022
S c ie n tific
g o a ls
a n d
re q u ire m e n ts :
F ie !d ,
lim itin g
m a g n itu d e ,
w a v e le n g th
ra n g e . A re
your needs
m et by

p re s e n t in s tru m e n ts ?Ifn o t, w h a t a re th e h ig h e s t\ue000 p r io r ity fu tu re n e e d s , ta k in g in to a c c o u n t fa c ilitie s e ls e w h e r e ?

\u2022
W a v e le n g th
c o v e ra g e :
A re
th e re
s e r io u s
(if p e rh a p s te m p o ra ry )
g a p s
in3

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