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Continuity & Insulation Resistance Test _ Cables

Continuity & Insulation Resistance Test _ Cables

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Published by amer_arauf

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Published by: amer_arauf on May 20, 2009
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07/27/2014

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INTRODUCTION
Meggering of Signalling cable is done to test the continuity andinsulation of the cable conductors. The Meggering should becarried out at initial stages, before and after cable laying. For maintenance purposes these tests shall be performed periodically.Low insulation of cable leads to inadvertent energisation or de-energisation of circuits. Check for insulation values periodicallyenables to ensure integrity of circuits.If a sudden fall in the value of insulation is observed during thetest, the cause should be investigated and immediate action should be taken to repair or replace the defective cable.
PREPARATORY STEPS
1.Before commencement of cable Meggering necessarydisconnection from traffic shall be obtained.2. All working circuits and power supply shall be disconnectedfrom the cable at both ends.3. Communication between the ends of cable under test shall beestablished by magneto telephones with other cable which isnot under test if possible, otherwise by VHF sets.4.Competent staff, required instruments and material shall beavailable at both the ends.5. Meggering shall be carried out when conductors andinsulated parts like terminal blocks are clean and dry.6.Cable conductors shall be shorted/earthed momentarily todischarge the accumulated charge, if any, before thecommencement and after the end of Meggering.
 
PROCEDURE OF CABLE MEGGERING
 Following tests are performed for Meggering of Signalling cable:
(A)
CONTINUITY TEST
“Meggering of Signalling Cable”
1
 
Tools & Equipments required
1.Multimete2.Wire nippe3.Screw driver set4.Box spanne
 
E
 
1
 
23456LOCATION A
 
1
 
2
 
345
 
6
 
LOCATION B
 
Multimeter ArmourEarth
This test is carried out to confirm that the core under test is either showing break between both ends or continuous. Testing can becommenced as per the following procedure:
Set the knob of multimeter to check resistance at 200 ohmrange. (At Location A)
Connect one probe of multimeter to earth and other probe tothe end of the cable conductor to be tested, as shown in abovefigure.
Instruct staff at the other end (at Location B) to connect earthto same conductor of the cable.
If earth is light at both ends, connect earth to armour also at both the ends.
Deflection of multimeter needle shows that the conductor under test is OK; otherwise there is a break in the conductor.
Then test continuity of all other conductors with respect tothis tested conductor. For example to test conductor 2,
“Meggering of Signalling Cable”
2
 
connect the one probe of the multimeter to conductor 2 andother probe to the tested conductor (at Location A). Instructthe staff at other end (at Location B) to short conductor 2 withthe tested conductor.
Test continuity of all other conductors as above.
(B)
INSULATION TEST
Tools and Instruments required
1.Insulation Tester (Megger) 500V DC2. 2. Wire nippe3. Screw Driver set.4.Box spanne5.Crocodile clips (equal to maximum No. of cores of cableto be tested) looped together in seriesThis test is carried out to measure the insulation resistance of thecable under test. Insulation resistance measured between (1)conductor to conductor, called cross insulation, and (2) conductor to earth. Procedure is as follows:
(1) Conductors to conductor (Cross Insulation)1 Cable2 Conductors345Location 6
(i)A 500 V Insulation Tester ( Megger ) shall be used fothis test and kept at one end of the cable under test.(ii)The first conductor for which cross insulation is beingmeasured shall be connected to Line terminal of themegger. The remaining conductors looped together (with the help of crocodile clips) i. e. Conductor 2 and
“Meggering of Signalling Cable”
3
Meggar
Line
500 VDC
Earth

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