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Challenges of Institutional Development in Pakistan

Challenges of Institutional Development in Pakistan

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Published by: faqureshi on Jul 06, 2009
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01/06/2013

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Challenges Of Institutional Development In
 
Pakistan
Institution
Institutions are structures and mechanisms of social order andcooperation governing the behavior of a set of individuals. Institutionsare identified with a social purpose and permanence, transcendingindividual human lives and intentions, and with the making andenforcing of rules governing cooperative human behavior. The term, institution, is commonly applied to customs and behaviorpatterns important to a society, as well as to particular formalorganizations of government and public service. As structures andmechanisms of social order among humans, institutions are one of theprincipal objects of study in the social sciences, including sociology,political science and economics. Institutions are a central concern forlaw, the formal regime for political rule-making and enforcement.
Institutional Development
Institutional development is the creation or reinforcement of thecapacity
of 
an organization to generate, allocate and use human andfinancial resources effectively to attain development objectives, publicor private.
It
Includes not only the building and strengthening of Institutions, but also their retrenchment or, liquidation In the pursuit of institutional, sectoral, or government-wide rationalization of expenditure. Institutional Development Is typically aimed at Improvingand strengthening the following:
Internal organizational structures.
Management systems, Including monitoring andevaluation.
Financial management (Budgeting & Accounting,Auditing, Procedures) and planning systems.
Personnel management, staff development, and training.
Inter-institutional relationships.
Institutional structures of sub sectors or sectors; legalframework.
 1
 
 
Challenges Of Institutional Development In
 
Pakistan
Government regulations and procedures.
Institutional Development (The Process)
Institutional change or development is to be considered as a processthat is incremental, in that small improvements are made to existingpolicies, without challenging the existing development paradigms. These changes are influenced by previous policy practice andshaped by a wide range of stakeholders. It is hence increasinglyrecognized that institutional change (and social transformation) hasto be seen in terms of larger and longer term transition processes.Building and developing institutions is thus crucial in socialdevelopment efforts where issues of organization of dispersedinterests, improvement of bargaining positions of the socially andeconomically excluded, mutual commitment and inclusiveness arepursued. Institutional development is not a linear process, which canbe carefully designed with the use of a toolbox, but a long-termmulti-stakeholder process in which pull and push factors, powerrelations and bargaining power influence the final outcomes and itsrelevance for poverty alleviation or improved natural resourcemanagement.
Transparent, participatory, and efficient working of theinstitutions ensure right priorities and appropriatepolicies.
Effective and efficient implementation results in highgrowth, better income distribution, and alleviation of poverty.
Well-functioning institutions lead to higher investmentlevels, better policies, increase the social capital stock of a community and help in better management of ethnic diversity and conflicts
 2
 
 
Challenges Of Institutional Development In
 
Pakistan
Analysis and Diagnosis of Overall Institutional Framework 
Analysis and Diagnosis of the Organization in theInstitutional Context
Review & Design
Implementation
Monitors/Evaluate
 3

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