Challenges Of Institutional Development In
Institutions are structures and mechanisms of social order andcooperation governing the behavior of a set of individuals. Institutionsare identified with a social purpose and permanence, transcendingindividual human lives and intentions, and with the making andenforcing of rules governing cooperative human behavior. The term, institution, is commonly applied to customs and behaviorpatterns important to a society, as well as to particular formalorganizations of government and public service. As structures andmechanisms of social order among humans, institutions are one of theprincipal objects of study in the social sciences, including sociology,political science and economics. Institutions are a central concern forlaw, the formal regime for political rule-making and enforcement.
Institutional development is the creation or reinforcement of thecapacity
an organization to generate, allocate and use human andfinancial resources effectively to attain development objectives, publicor private.
Includes not only the building and strengthening of Institutions, but also their retrenchment or, liquidation In the pursuit of institutional, sectoral, or government-wide rationalization of expenditure. Institutional Development Is typically aimed at Improvingand strengthening the following:
Internal organizational structures.
Management systems, Including monitoring andevaluation.
Financial management (Budgeting & Accounting,Auditing, Procedures) and planning systems.
Personnel management, staff development, and training.
Institutional structures of sub sectors or sectors; legalframework.