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Spe 107918

Spe 107918

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 This paper was prepared for presentation at the SPE Latin American & Caribbean PetroleumEngineering Conference held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, 15–18 April 2007.This paper was selected for presentation by an SPE Program Committee following review of information contained in a proposal submitted by the author(s). Contents of the paper, aspresented, have not been reviewed by the Society of Petroleum Engineers and are subject tocorrection by the author(s). The material, as presented, does not necessarily reflect anyposition of the Society of Petroleum Engineers, its officers, or members. Papers presented atSPE meetings are subject to publication review by Editorial Committees of the Society of Petroleum Engineers. Electronic reproduction, distribution, or storage of any part of this paper for commercial purposes without the written consent of the Society of Petroleum Engineers isprohibited. Permission to reproduce in print is restricted to a proposal of not more than 300words; illustrations may not be copied. The proposal must contain conspicuousacknowledgment of where and by whom the paper was presented. Write Librarian, SPE, P.O.Box 833836, Richardson, TX 75083-3836, U.S.A., fax 01-972-952-9435.
Proposal
Cerro Dragon is a mature Area located in the ArgentineRepublic, 90 km to the West of Comodoro Rivadavia and 1,900 km to the South of Buenos Aires, with a surface of 3,480 km² and with 3,738 perforated wells.Since its discovery in1958, and after a long history of  production, a change of strategy on 1999 resulted in animportant increase in Production and ReservesDecision making at every level, such as people health,environment care, and strategic, organizational, structural,operative and technological planning, was key for the rebirthof this field.The work is centered in how we handle the information, theentailment of the data bases and the use of systems we have built to contribute to maintain the production growth of theCerro Dragón Asset.Based on the field complexity we recognized that it wasnecessary to implement new tools that would allow us to make production and investments prognoses, integrating informationfrom different sources, as well as to detect improvementopportunities.The selected software tools allowed us to perform simulationsand dynamically survey the projects. The information used came from geological, geophysical, physical production,interventions, measurements, and automation databases,among others. Some of them were developed during the 2The selected software tools additionally let us integrate the projects into the Long Term Plan, and Budget, takingadvantage of the virtuous Circle of Plan-Do-Control-Learn.A project simulation is solved in a period substantially shorter than the one it demands a conventional simulator, which is of great advantage at the time of analyzing different scenarios inan area where the structural complexity and the meager  petrophysical information are important barriers at the time of making a study.The control and daily pursuit of the Projects through thesesystems have favored substantially the fast decision making,the correct lease of resources and a better operative answer.To complete the description of our Optimization options other tools and practices are described.
Introduction
Cerro Dragon fields are located at the Northern flank of theSan Jorge Gulf Basin, in the province of Chubut and SantaCruz, Argentina.
Figure 1 Cerro Dragon Areas Location Plat
SPE 107918Design and Surveillance of Development Projects Through Specific Software Tools:Importance of Data Management in Mature and Complex Fields in the Golfo San JorgeBasin, Argentina
Ricardo Mazzola
,
Isabel Cano Frers
,
 
and
Dario R. Baldassa
,
Pan
 
 American Energy LLC; Jorge Valle
and
 AlejandroLacivita
,
Interfaces SA
; and
Carlos A. Ponce
,
 Alfredo F. Viola
,
 
and
Miguel A. Laffitte
,
Pan American Energy L
LC
 R í oSe ng uer
ío 
   R   íoC   hi  co
LagoMustersLagoColhuéHuapi
PIEDRACLAVADAKOLUEL KAIKEEL VALLE ANT.GRANDEC.DRAGÓN ANT.FUNES
El CordónL.PeralesL.MesetasEl TordilloEscalanteManantialesBehr C.VascoM.MagallanesM.EspinosaC.LeónP.TruncadoEl HuemulCerroDragónZorroLasFloresEscorial Ant.GrandeCañadonGrandeOriental
Buenos Aires
C.MineralesPicoTruncadoLasHerasSarmiento
26343
ValleHermosoC.Perdido
40
PeritoMoreno
0100 kmOIL FIELDS
CERRODRAGON
 
CERRODRAGON
CaletaOlivia
SA N J OR G E
Comodoro
GOLF O
Rivadavia
ATLANTIC OCEANATLANTIC OCEAN
PIEDRA CLAVADAKOLUEL KAIKE
 
PIEDRA CLAVADAKOLUEL KAIKE
Lago
 
 R í oSe ng uer
ío 
   R   íoC   hi  co
LagoMustersLagoColhuéHuapi
PIEDRACLAVADAKOLUEL KAIKEEL VALLE ANT.GRANDEC.DRAGÓN ANT.FUNES
El CordónL.PeralesL.MesetasEl TordilloEscalanteManantialesBehr C.VascoM.MagallanesM.EspinosaC.LeónP.TruncadoEl HuemulCerroDragónZorroLasFloresEscorial Ant.GrandeCañadonGrandeOriental
Buenos Aires
C.MineralesPicoTruncadoLasHerasSarmiento
26343
ValleHermosoC.Perdido
40
PeritoMoreno
0100 kmOIL FIELDSOIL FIELDS
CERRODRAGON
 
CERRODRAGON
CaletaOlivia
SA N J OR G E
Comodoro
GOLF O
Rivadavia
ATLANTIC OCEANATLANTIC OCEAN
PIEDRA CLAVADAKOLUEL KAIKE
 
PIEDRA CLAVADAKOLUEL KAIKE
Lago
Copyright 2007, Society of Petroleum Engineers
initial years (1999 – 2000).
 
2 SPE 107918
The Cerro Dragón Contract Area, consists of approximately 50fields. The area has been operated by Amoco since 1959. In1997, Pan American Energy, become the operator followingthe formation of a joint venture between Amoco (now BPAmoco) and Bridas. Cerro Dragon has been under development as an oil producing area since 1959 through acombination of infill and extension drilling for additional primary oil production and Waterflooding Projects in someselected fields. Approximately 60% of the area is now under water flood. Cumulative oil recovery to date from both primary and secondary development exceeds 760 million barrels. There are currently 2410 Oil producing wells and 405water injection wells in the area.
General Geologic Setting & Reservoir Description
The Cerro Dragon asset comprises 800,000 acres in a roughlyrectangular block located on the north flank of the Golfo SanJorge Basin, a Mesozoic extensional basin filled with Jurassiclacustrian and Cretaceous fluvial deposit with Tertiarycompression and wrenching superimposed on earlier extensional features.The main reservoir consists of sandstones of the ComodoroRivadavia Formation and altered tuffaceous sandstones and siltstones in the Mina Del Carmen Formation.Hidrocarbons Traps consist of tilted horst blocks, faulted anticlines and structurally enhanced stratigraphic pinch outs.Wells are produced commingled from stacked individualreservoirs 1 to 8 meters thick, each one with different initialreservoir pressure and fluid properties and contacts.
Figure 3. A schematic cross-section show the Field complexity
Some keys of the Cerro Dragon rebirth
A Development Master Plan
3D Record and Processing
An electrification plan
Facilities expansion
DATA MANAGEMENT AND SOFTINTEGRATION
In 1999 more than 90 % of the fields and wells informationwas available only in hard copies
, the challenge wasintegrate it into Databases.
First step:
Digitalization of old logs
Develop and copy Wells File
INFOPROD and BDIEP data entry (3500 wells)
Detailed geological studies in the waterflooding blocksSecond step:A virtuous circle “Planning , Doing, Control, Learn”was a very useful tool, associated with more friendly and empowered softwares. Sotware tools objectives goals:1. Adjust the Production Forecast2. Improve CAPEX and OPEX3. Identify and Qualify the information required toshare in the new Databases.
30 JUL 200630 JUL 2006
Cuenca San Jorge –AreaCerro Dragón
Historia de Producción y Actividad
    C    A    N    T    I    D    A    D     D    E     P    O    Z    O    S     P    R    O    D    U    C    T    O    R    E    S
510
20014001000600180020002200
510
20014001000600180020002200
1960197519701965 1980 1985 1990 20001995 2005
 
TOTAL DE POZOS ENPRODUCCIONTOTAL POZOSINYECTORES
WI
NUMERO DE EQUIPOS DE PERFORACION
WP
1960197519701965 1980 1985 1990 20001995 2005 1960197519701965 1980 1985 1990 20001995 2005
 
TOTAL DE POZOS ENPRODUCCIONTOTAL POZOSINYECTORES
WI
NUMERO DE EQUIPOS DE PERFORACION
WP
400
 
1960 197519701965 1980 1985 1990 20001995 2005
 
1960 197519701965 1980 1985 1990 20001995 20051960 197519701965 1980 1985 1990 20001995 2005
    P    R    O    D    U    C    C    I    O    N     (    B    O    P    D    )
12500250005000062500750003750087500100000200
    V    E    N    T    A    S     D    E     G    A    S    (    M    M    f   t
    3
    /    d    )
100
PRODUCCION TOTALDE PETROLEOVENTAS DE GASRECUPERACION SECUNDARIA
300
OILOIL
 
IWIWGasGas
    P    R    O    D    U    C    C    I    O    N     (    B    O    P    D    )
12500250005000062500750003750087500100000200
    V    E    N    T    A    S     D    E     G    A    S    (    M    M    f   t
    3
    /    d    )
100
PRODUCCION TOTALDE PETROLEOVENTAS DE GASRECUPERACION SECUNDARIA
300
OILOIL
 
IWIWGasGas
 
SPE 107918 3Figure 4. A virtuous circle
 The core of the new way for our work was SAHARA afriendly software to history matching the production wells and forecasting. Along the years this software was empowered with new options of connectivity with our data bases and newoptions of calculations and simulation became available.Waterflooding Projects, Workovers and Drillings Plan weresimulated block by block in each field of Cerro Dragon.
Figure 5. Inputs and outputs from SAHARA
The source of the Geological models was Landmark Software, the production and operation information sourcewas INFOPROD , the completion and work over informationincluding test was BDIEP SLPOS, the beam pumpinginformation source was Dynapack . For each one of thesesources data loading processes were added to SAHARA.The simulation time in Sahara was reduced dramaticallycompared with conventional simulators, less information or simplification of it to simulate is very important when youhave around a hundred layers in each well, with different fluid  properties, only a SFT pressure by layer and completion or workover test for each one by swabbing.
Figure 6. History Match and forecast
 
Figure 7. Some case of design
 
Figure 8. How you see each layer and the injection pattern
WF MANGEMENT TOOLS
INFOPROD(PAE Production DB)DYNA PACK(Artificial Lift DB)LANDMARK(geological & geophysical)BDIEP(Drlg, WO & Completion DB)SAHARAReservoir SimulationReservoir Management
New Projects Simulation
Current Project Management
Forecasts & Reserves Estimationi-Choke
Cuencadel Golfode San Jorge
(C.G.S.J)
ControlDoingPlannigLearning
 
ControlDoingPlannigLearning
 New Tools
TOTAL FIELD HISTORY MATCH
qlP [/d] qo P [/d] qlAlP [/d] qoAlP [/d]10100100010000P CD-80/P CD-81/P CD-149/P CD-153/...1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025
 
Liquid rateOil rateOil rate forecastLiquid rate forecastOil productionwellsInjectors wellsInjection rateforecastInjectionrate
Sahara project expansionDesign & surveillance
CDIII: ExpansionHorizontal
0.001.002.003.004.005.006.007.008.00PCD-80PCD-81PCD-149PCD-153PCD-159PCD-160PCD-164PCD-173PCD-179PCD-180PCD-183PCD-184PCD-186PCD-187PCD-190PCD-191PCD-192PCD-195PCD-196PCD-220PCD-240PCD-257PCD-258PCD-259PCD-273PCD-274PCD-804PCD-832PCD-845PCD-847PCD-848PCG-26PCG-86PCG-109PCG-113PCG-153PCG-157PCG-251PCG-819PCD-850PCD-852PCD-851PCD-0APCD-0BPCD-0DPCD-0FPCD-0HPCD-0IPCD-0JPCD-0K PCD-0LPCD-0MPCD-0PPCD-0OPCD-0R PCD-0T
Arena J4E
The layer wf was improvedwith newinjectors andinfill wellperforation

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