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Shipping, Logistics Management - Container Dimensions, Container Capacity, Rating, Tare Mass and Payload of Containers

Shipping, Logistics Management - Container Dimensions, Container Capacity, Rating, Tare Mass and Payload of Containers

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Published by Prithviraj Daga
SHIPPING DEPARTMENT Logistics Management Cargo Insurance - Container Specs.
SHIPPING DEPARTMENT Logistics Management Cargo Insurance - Container Specs.

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Published by: Prithviraj Daga on Aug 03, 2009
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Shipping, Logistics Management - Container Dimensions, Container Capacity, Rating, Tare Mass and Payload of Containers
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SHIPPING DEPARTMENT
Logistics ManagementCargo Insurance
 
Containers and shipping information such as containerdimensions,containercapacity,containerrating,tare mass,payloads,containertare mass,containerpayload,general purpose containers,dry cargo containers.reefers,refrigerated containers,tare weight,tares,containermarkings,containerclassifications,halfheightcontainers,TEU,twenty-footequivalentunit,knots,cellularcontainerships,CBM,cubic measurements.containerservices,standard containers,hicube,high cube containers,cargo cubes,global shipping,import-exportshipping,logistics,logistics management,logistics supports,shipping space,shipping order,S/O.shipping permits,shipping notes,dock receipts,masterships,motherships,feedervessels,transhipment,transshipment,transitshipment,dead freight,seaports,ports.freightforwarders,consolidators,freightconsolidators,customs brokers,customs forwarders,brokers,customhouse brokers,customs house brokers,voyage,flight.groupage operators,shipping operators,shipping firms,shipping company,airshipping,ocean shipping,carriers,freightcompany,transportcompany,ETA,ETD,ETS.transportation,transports,ocean shipping company,freightcontainers,couriers,airlines,tariffs,customtariffs,shipping dangerous goods,shipping schedules.aircontainers,ocean containers,shipping containers,containerload,LCL,full containerload,FCL,marine insurance,cargo insurance,import-exportinsurance.NVOCC,nonvessel operating common carriers,NVO,nonvessel ownercarriers,nonvessel owning carriers,ocean freightconsolidator,steamship.
 
Container Dimensions and Capacity
 Containers intended for intercontinental use have external nominal dimensions of:
Length
----- 9.8125 feet (2.991m) as
10
feet;19.875 feet (6.058m) as
20
feet;29.9375 feet (9.125m) as
30
feet; and
40
feet (12.192m)
Width
-----
8
feet (2.438m)
Height
-----
8.5
feet (2.591m) and
9.5
feet (2.896m)All above dimensions have permissible tolerances.The 20 feet (20') and 40 feet (40') containers are very popular in ocean freight. The 8.5 feet(8.5') high container---8 feet 6 inches (8' 6") high container---is often referred to as
standard container
.The demand for the
high cube container
---
hicube
---is increasing. The popular high cubecontainer has a normal height of 9.5 feet (9.5' or 9' 6").There are
half height containers
(4.25' or 4' 3" high) designed for heavy loads such assteel rods and ingots, which absorb the weight limit in half the normal space.The most widely used type of container is the
general purpose (dry cargo) container
 (please seeContainer Classifications) having a nominal length and height of 
20' x 8.5'
,
40' x8.5'
, and
40' x 9.5'
. Referring to theDimension of General Purpose Containersbelow, thedimensions shown in the table are not fixed, that is,the external and internal dimensionsmay vary among containers of the same length and height.The container
capacity
is the total cube a container can accommodate. The term
cube
oftenrefers to the cubic measurement of cargo. The capacity (i.e., the internal volume) is
http://www.export911.com/e911/ship/dimen.htm (1 of 4)3/17/2007 1:33:01 PM
 
Shipping, Logistics Management - Container Dimensions, Container Capacity, Rating, Tare Mass and Payload of Containers
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EXPORT911.COM
 
determined by multiplying the internal dimensions, that is, the product of internal length,width and height. The capacity may vary among containers of the same length and height.
Rating, Tare Mass and Payload of Containers
 
Rating
 
Rating
is the maximum gross mass (or weight), that is, the maximum permissibleweight of a container plus its contents. The rating of a
20'
dry cargo container is
24,000 kgs.
(52,900 lbs.), and a
40'
, including the high cube container, is
30,480kgs.
(67,200 lbs.).
Tare Mass
 
Tare Mass
---
tare weight
or
tare
---is the mass (or weight) of empty container,including all fittings and appliances used in a particular type of container in its normaloperating condition.The tare mass of containers may vary due to the different construction techniques andmaterials used in the container. A 20' x 8.5' dry cargo container may weigh
1,800 kgs.
 to
2,400 kgs.
, a 40' x 8.5' may weigh
2,800 kgs.
to
4,000 kgs
, and a 40' x 9.5' mayweigh
3,900 kgs.
to
4,200 kgs
. Some dry cargo containers may fall outside theindicated weight range. The reefer weighs more than a dry cargo container of the samesize.
Payload
 
Payload
is the maximum permitted mass (or weight) of payload, including thedunnage and cargo securement arrangements that are not associated with thecontainer in its normal operating condition. Therefore,
Payload = Rating - Tare Mass
.If the tare mass of a 20' dry cargo container is 2,400 kgs. and a 40' is 3,900 kgs., thepayload of 20' is 21,600 kgs. (i.e., 24,000 kgs. minus 2,400 kgs.) and 40' is 26,580kgs. (i.e., 30,480 kgs. minus 3,900 kgs.). However, the exporter may be prohibited tohave that much payload in areas where there are legal limitations to the overall load of a vehicle.In exporting, it is common to encounter a payload of 17,500 kgs. or less in the 20'container, and 24,000 kgs. or less in the 40' container.
The Marking and Identification of Containers
 The rating, tare mass and payload of a container is marked on its wall, usually on the end(rear) door in the case of an end-loading dry cargo container. 
http://www.export911.com/e911/ship/dimen.htm (2 of 4)3/17/2007 1:33:01 PM
 
Shipping, Logistics Management - Container Dimensions, Container Capacity, Rating, Tare Mass and Payload of Containers
 
UnauthorizedReproduction
of CopyrightMaterials Hereis
PROHIBITED
 
EDUCATION isa way out fromlife's miseries
 ..... Morris Ng
 
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Each container has an identification code or
container number
---a combination of the 4-letter characters that identify the owner (the operator of container) and the 7-numericcharacters that identify the container. The container number can be found on the outer andinner side walls.The container number is entered on the bill of lading to facilitate the identification andtracking of the container and the cargo.
Table and Diagram:Dimension of General Purpose Containers
 
Dimension of General Purpose ContainersCONTAINERCapacityRecommendedLoad VolumeNominalDimensionLengthWidthHeightCubicFeetCubicMeterCubicFeetCubicMeterExternal20'
8'8' 6" 6.096 m2.438 m2.591 m
Internal
19' 4.25"7' 8.625"7' 10"1170 cft1000 cft5.899 m2.353 m2.388 m33.131 cbm28 cbm
External40'
8'8' 6" 12.192 m2.438 m2.591 m
Internal
39' 5.375"7' 8.625"7' 10"2385 cft2050 cft12.024 m2.353 m2.388 m67.535 cbm58 cbm
External40' Hicube
8'9' 6" 12.192 m2.438 m2.896 m
Internal
39' 5.375"7' 8.625"8' 10"2690 cft2350 cft12.024 m2.353 m2.692 m76.172 cbm66 cbm
http://www.export911.com/e911/ship/dimen.htm (3 of 4)3/17/2007 1:33:01 PM

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