PREFACETHIS book has been compiled with the object of providing in a convenient and attractive form nauticalinformation of the kind required by intelligent landsmen whose interest has been raised in the maritime heritage of ourempire. Information of this kind has hitherto been almost entirely inaccessible, since it is contained partly in large andcumbrous books of reference, and partly in expensive technical works, or in Government publications.In the first edition of a work of this kind absolute completeness is naturally not possible, and the publisher will bevery glad to receive any suggestions for correction or improvement.Though there has been no attempt to provide a monograph on any one particular aspect of maritime knowledge, itis claimed that the work covers a wide ground and contains in a condensed form the information most likely to beserviceable to the traveller and the general enquirer.It has been the aim of the Editor to obtain his facts from the most authentic sources, and in this connexion thanksare due to Lloyd's for their kind permission to print extracts from their most valuable
, and to Messrs.Thacker & Co. for the same courteous permission to use their handy and comprehensive
NAVAL POCKET BOOK
, toboth of which works the reader is referred for additional facts should he desire either to know more of the MerchantService or of the Navy. Thanks are also due to the Navy League for permission to reprint the article dealing with itswork, and to the various Steamship Companies who have kindly placed at the Editor's disposal the lists of their fleets,and other interesting details connected with their lines of steamers.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. THE MAKING OF THE SHIP(a)Evolution(b)Relative Size and Growth of Mercantile Steamships(c)Consumption of Coal(d)Design and Construction of Ships(e)Parts of a Full-Rigged Ship2. THE SAILING OF THE SHIP(a) Seamanship and Navigation(b) The Rule of the Road at Sea3. COURSE AND DIRECTION(a) The Compass(b) The Use of a Watch as a Compass(c) Tracks of Atlantic Steamers4. DISTANCE(a) Charts(b) Meridians(c) Length of Degrees of Longitude(d) Nautical Measures(e) Table for converting Sea into Land Miles(f) Measured Miles(g) Ocean Depths(h) Method of judging Distances at Sea(i) Distances between Headlands, Harbours, and Lights off the British Coasts(j) Distances by Sea between British and Continental Ports5. TIME(a) Chronometer(b) Ship Time(e) Time Signals in Great Britain(d) Difference in Time(e) Reduction of Longitude into Time(f) Ship's Speed