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CHILDREARING IN THE CARIBBEAN: A Literature Review

CHILDREARING IN THE CARIBBEAN: A Literature Review

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Published by NiroZwas
Investigating family outcomes.
Investigating family outcomes.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: NiroZwas on Oct 08, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/18/2014

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1
CHILDREARINGIN THE CARIBBEAN:
 A Literature Review 
 
Sian WilliamsJanet BrownJaipaul Roopnarine
 
for The Learning Community Programme 2006of the Caribbean Child Support Initiative
 
Supported by the Bernard van Leer Foundation
 
2
 ——————————————————————— 
Foreword
 The Caribbean Child Support Initiative (CCSI) serves as “an intermediary resource programme [to] bring people and resources together to enhanceEarly Childhood Development capacity and knowledge in the sub-region”
1
. The initiative bridges the financial and technical resources of the Bernard van Leer Foundation (BvLF) in The Hague with those of the Caribbean, with particular interest in strengthening the care environment for young chil-dren and their parents and other caregivers.During 2004 CCSI engaged various partners and research agencies withinthe Caribbean region to identify needs for research on childrearing and so-cialization to inform effective interventions with parents. As part of this dia-logue, CCSI commissioned a review of the literature
 from within and about the region
to see what researchers had addressed in relation to thefollowing questions:
 What is it that parents in the region
actually do
to raise their children?
 
How 
or
what 
are children
in fact 
learning in their family environments?
 
How 
can interventions be informed by the
strengths 
children and parentshave, their coping strategies and their environmental adjustments andresilience as well as by what they are
not 
doing?
 
 The preliminary literature review prepared by Sian Williams and Janet Brown was considered at a meeting of Caribbean researchers in Jamaica in Decem-ber 2005. The researchers confirmed what the literature review identified:
research on childrearing and socialisation in the Caribbean is thin;
 
the bulk of the research found has been done in Jamaica;
 
research which has documented what parents
actually do
in their child-rearing practices and what
actual beliefs 
inform these practices does notappear to exist.
 
 A second review was commissioned by Jaipaul Roopnarine to more specifi-cally examine and compare child-rearing practices within different sub-cultures in the Caribbean.
 
3
 The outcomes of these two reviews informed CCSI plans for a gathering of researchers to focus on the findings of the literature reviews and current re-search activities on aspects of Caribbean child-rearing practices.In May 2006 in Roseau, Dominica, seventeen researchers--9 based in theCaribbean and 8 elsewhere--met with CCSI and BvLF staff members to dojust that, and to point out implications of the work for policy, programmesand further research. The meeting of researchers stimulated rich exchangesabout fathering and mothering roles in Caribbean contexts here and else- where, cultural differences in parenting practices, social-emotional develop-ment within the family and outcomes from early home and preschool set-tings. A summary report of the meeting is available from CCSI (visit CCSI’s website: www.ccsi-info.org for more information). This booklet contains the two commissioned reviews of the Caribbean re-search literature on this broad topic, and a summary of the research methodsrepresented within these reviews, noting some implications for the studies’ validity, replicability, applicability, etc. The booklet is intended to supportthe work of other researchers, university and other level students of early childhood development and the family within the Caribbean, and readers within the general public interested in the evidence garnered on a range of topics related to young children from work within and about the region. The importance of under-girding government policies as well as govern-ment and non-government interventions with evidence garnered fromsound research was strongly reinforced at this meeting. The CaribbeanChild Support Initiative subsequently obtained a commitment from the Ber-nard van Leer Foundation to support at least four annual gatherings of thisnature starting in 2008 in order to promote more current research in areasabout which too little is known, and to continue to use the evidence fromregional studies to inform its programmes and activities. CCSI will publishreports of the meetings, policy briefs, and relevant public education materi-als which emerge from this focus on sound regional research.
Susan Branker-Lashley
Programme DirectorCaribbean Child Support Initiative

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