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Waste Plastic Modified Bitumin

Waste Plastic Modified Bitumin

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Published by Md.imthiyaz

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Published by: Md.imthiyaz on Nov 12, 2009
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10/30/2010

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Adhesion Characteristics Study On Waste Plastics Modified Bitumen
 
ADHESION CHARACTERISTICSSTUDY ON WASTE PLASTICSMODIFIED BITUMEN
By
MOHAMMED IMTHIYAZ M.A
(M.Tech Highway Technology, B.E Civil)D.S.C.EBangalore-78
1
 
Adhesion Characteristics Study On Waste Plastics Modified Bitumen
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 GENERAL
One of the principal functions of a bituminous binder is, as its name suggests,acting as an adhesive either between road and underlying road surface. Bitumen can beregarded as an ideal adhesive but, in general, when proper precautions are exercised toadequate. There are occasions, however, when the adhesive bond may fail and thedurability of the bituminous material may be seriously affected. The bonding between bitumen and aggregate is of special importance because it is the primary characteristicthat influences the integrity of the pavement. This bonding must be established at theinitial stages of contact between the bitumen and the aggregate and must endure duringthe life time of the pavement.The adhesion of bituminous binders to road stone presents few problems in theabsence of water, although excessive dust may create trouble. On the other hand, becauseroad stones are wetted more easily by water than by a bituminous binder, the presence of water can lead to difficulties, either in the initial coating of damp or wet road stone or inmaintaining an adequate bond between the binder and the stone. Failure of a bondalready formed is commonly referred to as ‘stripping’, which is brought about by thedisplacement of the bituminous binder from the stone by water.It is desirable that there should be a reliable method of determining in thelaboratory whether or not a bituminous binder will adhere well to an aggregate in the presence of water. Studies of the physico-chemical properties to lead to the developmentof a reliable method for the routine testing of bituminous materials, which is based onmeasurements of the fundamental properties of the system. It has therefore beennecessary to develop arbitrary tests, which have may be used to examine the variouscombinations of road stones and binder used in bituminous construction. Such test mayalso used to study the effect of a particular variable behavior of the binder andaggregates.2
 
Adhesion Characteristics Study On Waste Plastics Modified Bitumen
 Numerous tests have been described most of which fall into six basic types. Theyare static immersion test, dynamic immersion, chemical immersion test, immersionmechanical test, immersion trafficking test and vialit test. The sixth test different in principle, that is an attempt is made to coat stone with binder in the presence of water. Inthis case the degree of coating is used as the index of adhesivity.
1.2VIALIT AS AN ADHESION TEST
Apparatus and materials required :1.Steel plate of size 200mm x 200mm.2.100 chips of aggregate passing 19mm IS sieve and retained on 12.5mm IS sieve.3.Steel ball weighing 500gms.4.Rubber roller weighing 25kg.5.Bitumen 60/706.Plastics.7.ThermometeProcedure :1.Weigh 100g of bitumen binder and heated up to pouring temperature of 75°C to100 °C.2.The bitumen sample is spreaded on 200mm x 200mm size of steel plate and thenkept in water bath for cooling.3.The binder is covered with 100 chips of aggregates passing 19mm IS sieveand retained on 12.5mm IS sieve and rolled six times perpendicularly and threetimes parallely with a rubber cylinder weighing 25kg.4.The gravel plate is maintained at room temperature and it is placed in water bathfor 20minutes.5.The plate is then inverted on to a tripod and a steel ball weighing 500g is droppedfrom a height of 50cm.6.The number of chips which fall are not coated at all with binder, the number of chips which fall and are partially coated with binder and the number of chipswhich adhere are collected and recorded.3

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