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Applying Integrated Ecological Planning and ALIT for Developing Countries

Applying Integrated Ecological Planning and ALIT for Developing Countries

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Published by gunteitb
Abstract. Developing countries, like Indonesia, face great development pressure due to economic development for great number of populations. Various environmental problems later emerge due to unplanned, uncontrolled and unsustainable land use development as well as severe environmental destructions. The need for integrated ecological planning actually emerges from this concern.

The integrated ecological planning could be defined as “Planning process that consider the ecological condition, environmental carrying capacity, and other social economy that affect the location. Later on, integration of infrastructure planning such as water management, mass transportation, waste management, energy conservation, etc. Involvement of stakeholders would be integrated in the process application. “

The real ecological planning application face constraints such as the lack of political will, lack of expertise, tools, research, and funding in government as well as consultants. But still the integrated ecological planning should be applied to achieve the more sustainable development as well as to conserve of strategic or important ecological areas.

One of the important steps of ecological planning is the landscape evaluation methodology. The evaluation method research was started in 2005, for National University of Singapore, MSc Environmental Management program. Later through real application, we redefine the method with real application in other planning projects in other countries.

Our research involves identifying the key elements of all evaluation methods, which were later distilled and refined to build on Adaptive Landscape Evaluation Tool or ”ALiT”. The strengths of system lie mainly in establishing evaluation methods, adaptive list of data, and scoring thresholds that embraces sustainable land development principles. The method was validated in Bintan Buyu, Bintan Island, Indonesia and proven to be applicable for local government. While the criteria and other scoring system would need to be adjusted to each different cases.

The proposed system is comprehensive yet manageable and practicable. It encompasses four important elements as part of the development and evaluation process, namely, initial secondary data collection, rapid survey to verify critical data, multi-disciplinary analysis with Geographic Information System (GIS), and lastly, stakeholders’ inputs. The authors believe that ALiT can be a very useful tool for reducing environmental destruction while accommodating economic development in developing countries.
We understands that there are constrains in method application due to lack of political will as well as limited funding to gather all environmental, social and economical aspects. Because of that, the vision for developing Sustainable Spatial Planning must be made first between stakeholders of the region comprising Public, People and Private (Government, the People and the Private sector). And Integrated Spatial Planning with Focus on Ecological Approach would be the near-future trend for the World.

Keyword: Integrated Ecological Planning, Landscape Evaluation, Land Evaluation, Sustainable Planning, Sustainable Land Development.
Abstract. Developing countries, like Indonesia, face great development pressure due to economic development for great number of populations. Various environmental problems later emerge due to unplanned, uncontrolled and unsustainable land use development as well as severe environmental destructions. The need for integrated ecological planning actually emerges from this concern.

The integrated ecological planning could be defined as “Planning process that consider the ecological condition, environmental carrying capacity, and other social economy that affect the location. Later on, integration of infrastructure planning such as water management, mass transportation, waste management, energy conservation, etc. Involvement of stakeholders would be integrated in the process application. “

The real ecological planning application face constraints such as the lack of political will, lack of expertise, tools, research, and funding in government as well as consultants. But still the integrated ecological planning should be applied to achieve the more sustainable development as well as to conserve of strategic or important ecological areas.

One of the important steps of ecological planning is the landscape evaluation methodology. The evaluation method research was started in 2005, for National University of Singapore, MSc Environmental Management program. Later through real application, we redefine the method with real application in other planning projects in other countries.

Our research involves identifying the key elements of all evaluation methods, which were later distilled and refined to build on Adaptive Landscape Evaluation Tool or ”ALiT”. The strengths of system lie mainly in establishing evaluation methods, adaptive list of data, and scoring thresholds that embraces sustainable land development principles. The method was validated in Bintan Buyu, Bintan Island, Indonesia and proven to be applicable for local government. While the criteria and other scoring system would need to be adjusted to each different cases.

The proposed system is comprehensive yet manageable and practicable. It encompasses four important elements as part of the development and evaluation process, namely, initial secondary data collection, rapid survey to verify critical data, multi-disciplinary analysis with Geographic Information System (GIS), and lastly, stakeholders’ inputs. The authors believe that ALiT can be a very useful tool for reducing environmental destruction while accommodating economic development in developing countries.
We understands that there are constrains in method application due to lack of political will as well as limited funding to gather all environmental, social and economical aspects. Because of that, the vision for developing Sustainable Spatial Planning must be made first between stakeholders of the region comprising Public, People and Private (Government, the People and the Private sector). And Integrated Spatial Planning with Focus on Ecological Approach would be the near-future trend for the World.

Keyword: Integrated Ecological Planning, Landscape Evaluation, Land Evaluation, Sustainable Planning, Sustainable Land Development.

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Published by: gunteitb on Nov 14, 2009
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Green Impact Indonesia 
Integrated Urban, Drainage andEnvironmentalPlanning and Design
CP: Gunawan Tanuwidjaja MSc, Env, Mgt, (NUS) B.Arch(ITB)Email:gunteitb@yahoo.com,
 
Web:http://greenimpactindo.wordpress.com/about/ 
 
Applying Integrated Ecological Planning andAdaptive Landscape Evaluation Tool for DevelopingCountries in the Framework of Sustainable SpatialPlanning and Development, Study Case BintanIsland, Indonesia
Written by:
1
Tanuwidjaja, Gunawan. &
2
Malone-Lee, Lai Choo.
1
 
MSc. Environmental Management (NUS), S.T. (ITB)Urban Planner & Researcher, Green Impact Indonesia,Integrated Urban, Drainage and Environmental - Planning and Design StudioMobile: +62 812 212 20842Email:gunteitb@yahoo.com 
2
Ph.D. (Tokyo), Masters Urban Planning (Sydney), B.Sc Real Estate (NUS)Director of Centre for Sustainable Asian CitiesSchool of Design and Environment, National University of SingaporeEmail:sdemalon@nus.edu.sg Presented in:
Abstract.
Developing countries, like Indonesia, face great developmentpressure due to economic development for great number of populations.Various environmental problems later emerge due to unplanned,uncontrolled and unsustainable land use development as well as severeenvironmental destructions. The need for integrated ecological planningactually emerges from this concern.The integrated ecological planning could be defined as Planning processthat consider the ecological condition, environmental carrying capacity,and other social economy that affect the location. Later on, integration of
 
2 Tanuwidjaja, Gunawan. & Malone-Lee, Lai Choo
infrastructure planning such as water management, mass transportation,waste management, energy conservation, etc. Involvement ofstakeholders would be integrated in the process application. “The real ecological planning application face constraints such as the lackof political will, lack of expertise, tools, research, and funding ingovernment as well as consultants. But still the integrated ecologicalplanning should be applied to achieve the more sustainable developmentas well as to conserve of strategic or important ecological areas.One of the important steps of ecological planning is the landscapeevaluation methodology. The evaluation method research was started in2005, for National University of Singapore, MSc EnvironmentalManagement program. Later through real application, we redefine themethod with real application in other planning projects in other countries.Our research involves identifying the key elements of all evaluationmethods, which were later distilled and refined to build on
A
daptive
L
andscape Evaluat
i
on
T
ool or ”
ALiT”.
The strengths of system lie mainlyin establishing evaluation methods, adaptive list of data, and scoringthresholds that embraces sustainable land development principles. Themethod was validated in Bintan Buyu, Bintan Island, Indonesia andproven to be applicable for local government. While the criteria and otherscoring system would need to be adjusted to each different cases.The proposed system is comprehensive yet manageable and practicable.It encompasses four important elements as part of the development andevaluation process, namely, initial secondary data collection, rapid surveyto verify critical data, multi-disciplinary analysis with GeographicInformation System (GIS), and lastly, stakeholders’ inputs. The authorsbelieve that
ALiT
can be a very useful tool for reducing environmentaldestruction while accommodating economic development in developingcountries.We understands that there are constrains in method application due tolack of political will as well as limited funding to gather all environmental,social and economical aspects. Because of that, the vision for developingSustainable Spatial Planning must be made first between stakeholders ofthe region comprising Public, People and Private (Government, thePeople and the Private sector). And Integrated Spatial Planning withFocus on Ecological Approach would be the near-future trend for theWorld.
Keywords: 
Integrated Ecological Planning, Landscape Evaluation, LanEvaluation, Sustainable Planning, Sustainable Land Development.
 
Applying Integrated Ecological Planning and Adaptive
3
 Landscape Evaluation Tool for Developing Countries in the Frameworkof Sustainable Spatial Planning and Development, Study Case BintanIsland, Indonesia
 
1 Introduction
In the present year, the world faces extreme environmental problemsthat threaten its livelihood. The problems are resource depletion, globalclimate change, extinction of plants and animals, loss of wildlife habitats,increasing pollution, and poverty (Miller, 2003). We believe that theseenvironmental issues were caused by 2 main factors, which wereexponential population growth and the rise of anthropocentrism andliberalism.First, the world’s population has increased exponentially from 2.521billion in 1950 to 6.782 billion in 2009. With the current populationgrowth, it was predicted to reach 9 billion by 2040 and to put morepressure to the Earth. Further, the worlds population was notdistributed equally according to availability of resources. This alsostressed to certain areas on Earth.
1
 Secondly, we also believe that anthropocentrism and liberalism justifyhuman conduct to the unsustainable development. Theanthropocentrism suggested that “human beings are the central of theuniverse and the nature is created only to serve human interest.Thiswas parallel to Liberalism which upheld “the autonomy of the individualand political liberties”. Unfortunately, these principals were used to justifythe extreme exploitation of the earth.
2
 The current economic system was also found unsustainable because ofspeculative and inefficient production; over-utilisation of non-renewableresources and excessive pollution. Therefore, severe resourcedepletion, biodiversity loss and increasing pollution happened. Similarlyto that, environmentalists believed that if the impact of great population,unsustainable consumption pattern and technological advancement inthe world were combined, enormous environmental impact would occur.And finally, it would increase Earth’s environmental vulnerability index(Miller, 2003, Kaly et all, 2004; Kaly et all, 2005).
1
 
http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/popclockworld.html, estimated by United StatesCensus Bureau on 5th September 2009;http://au.encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_1461501471/Population_Explosion.html;http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Population-milestones.jpg
 
2
 
http://dictionary.reference.com/;http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/;http://www.merriam-webster.com/ 
 

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