technical and professional areas, however, the private agencies tend tospecialize in a particular engineer.
Friends and relatives of present employees arealso a good source from which employees may be drawn. When thelabour market is very tight, large employers frequently offer theiremployees bonus or prizes for any referrals that are hired and staywith the company for a specific length of time. Some companiesmaintain a register of former employees whose record was good tocontact them when there are new job openings for which they arequalified. This method of recruitment, however, suffers from a seriousdefect that it encourages nepotism, i.e. Persons of one’s communityor caste are employed, who may or may not be fit for the job.
Schools, colleges and professional institutions:
These offeropportunities for recruiting their students. They will also have separateplacement cell where the bio data and other particulars of the studentsare available. The prospective employers can review credentials andinterview candidates for management trainees or probationers. This isan excellent source of potential employees for entry-level positions inthe organisations.
Firms which closed or union shops must look to theunion in their recruitment efforts. This has disadvantage of monopolistic workforce.
Unsolicited applications, both at the gate andthrough the mail, constitute a much-used source of personnel. Thesecan be developed through attractive employment office facilities,prompt and courteous reply to unsolicited letters.
Professional organisations or recruiting firms or executiverecruiters:
Maintain complete records about employed executives.These
firms are looked upon as head hunters, raiders and pirates byorganizations may employ “executive search firms” to help them findtalent. These consulting firms recommend persons of high calibre formanagerial, marketing and production engineers’ posts.
Indoctrination seminars for colleges
are arranged to discuss theproblem of companies and employees. Professors are invited to takepart of these seminars. Visits to plants are arranged so that professorsmay be favourably impressed. They may speak well of a company andhelp it in getting the required personnel.