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Table Of Contents

Seismic sensors
2.3 Seismometer frequency response, alternative solution
2.4 The velocity transducer
2.4.1 Polarity convention
2.5 Instrument response curves, different representation
2.6 Damping constant
2.7 Construction of seismic sensors
2.7.1 The Wood Anderson short period torsion sensor
2.7.2 Long period sensors
2.7.3 Garden-gate
2.7.4 Inverted pendulum
2.7.5 LaCoste
2.13 Sensor self noise
2.14 Sensor parameters
2.15 Examples of sensors
2.16 Summary of sensor specifications
2.17 Which sensor to choose
3.1 Observation of noise
3.2 Noise spectra
3.3 Relating power spectra to amplitude measurement
3.4 Origin of seismic noise
4.3 A typical ADC, the Ramp ADC
4.4 Multi channel ADC
4.5 Digitizers for a higher dynamic range
4.6 Oversampling for improvement of the dynamic range
4.8 Aliasing
4.9 Anti alias filters
4.10 Examples of digitizers
Seismic Recorders
5.1 Analog amplifier
5.2 Analog filters
5.3 Analog recording
5.4 Introduction to digital recorders
5.5 Digitizing
5.6 Time stamping of data
5.7 Storage media and recording in a ring buffer
5.8 Seismic trigger
5.9 Summary of trigger parameters and their settings
5.10 Communication and data retrieval
5.11 Public domain data acquisition systems
5.12 Seismic recorders in use
5.13 The next generation recorder
5.14 Examples of recorders
5.16 Which recorder to choose
Correction for instrument response
6.1 Linear systems
6.2 Spectral analysis and the Fourier transform
6.3 Noise power spectrum
6.4 General instrument correction in frequency and time domain
6.5 General representation of the frequency response function
6.6 Anti alias filters
6.7 Instrument correction and polarity
6.8 Combining response curves
6.9 Common ways of giving response information
7.1 Geographical location of a seismic station
7.2 Site selection and seismic noise survey
7.3 Installation of the seismic station
7.4 Sensor installation
7.4.1 Broad band sensor installation
7.4.2 Borehole installations
7.4.3 What is a good VLP station
7.5 Temporary installation of seismic stations
7.6 Lightning and over-voltage protection
7.7 Power
7.7.1 Stations running off the main AC supply
7.7.2 Batteries
7.8 Power sources
7.8.1 Solar cells
7.8.2 Wind generators
8.1 Purpose of seismic networks
8.2 Network geometry
8.3 Network configuration: Physical and virtual networks
8.4 Physical networks
8.5 Virtual seismic networks
8.6 The choice between physical and virtual seismic systems
8.7 Seismic data transmission
8.8 Analog data transmission
8.9 Radio links
8.91 Simplex - duplex
8.9.2 Point to point or point to multi point radio networks
8.9.3 Spread Spectrum
8.9.4 Radio link construction and equipment
8.9.5 Radio links with repeater stations
8.10 Telephone and satellite
8.11 Digital data transmission protocols and some examples of their use
8.11.1 Serial data communication
8.11.2 TCP/IP communication
8.11.3 Compression of digital seismic data
8.11.4 Error correction methods used with seismic signals
8.11.5 Seismic data transmission and timing
8.11.6 Communication and graphics
8.12 Examples of networks
8.13 Running a seismic network
8.14 How to make your own network
9.3 Instruments characteristics
9.4 Field arrangement
9.5 Example of a portable array
Calibration and testing
10.1 Test equipment and recording of test signals
10.2 Sensors
10.2.1 Sensor free period
10.2.2 Seismometer damping
10.2.3 Determining calibration coil motor constant
10.2.5 Frequency response using harmonic drive methods
10.2.6 Lissajous figures
10.3 Methods for absolute calibration of a sensor
10.3.1 Shaking table
10.3.2 Using the ground as shaking table
10.3.3 Calibration by stepwise motion
10.3.4 Determining sensitivity of accelerometer by tilt
10.4 Use of the calibration pulse
10.5 Recorder
10.6 Measuring instrument self noise
References
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Instrumentation in Earthquake Seismology

Instrumentation in Earthquake Seismology

Ratings: (0)|Views: 8|Likes:
Published by Yehezkiel Halauwet
all about seismology instrument
all about seismology instrument

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Published by: Yehezkiel Halauwet on Jun 07, 2014
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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07/05/2015

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