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On The Nature Of The Flow In A Separated Annular Diffuser

On The Nature Of The Flow In A Separated Annular Diffuser

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Published by Jason J. Dunn
My Master's Thesis investigating the flow characteristics in the pre-diffuser portion of the combustor-diffuser system of a typical gas turbine. This work helps reveal the complicated flow characteristics associated with separated flow and helps hint at ways that we may be able to control flow separation.
My Master's Thesis investigating the flow characteristics in the pre-diffuser portion of the combustor-diffuser system of a typical gas turbine. This work helps reveal the complicated flow characteristics associated with separated flow and helps hint at ways that we may be able to control flow separation.

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Published by: Jason J. Dunn on Dec 10, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/09/2013

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ON THE NATURE OF THE FLOW IN A SEPARATED ANNULARDIFFUSER
by
JASON J. DUNNB.S.A.E. University of Central Florida, 2007
A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirementsfor the degree of Masters of Science in Aerospace Engineeringin the Department of Mechanical, Materials, and Aerospace Engineeringin the College of Engineering and Computer Scienceat the University of Central FloridaOrlando, FloridaFall Term 2009Major Professor: Jay Kapat
 
ii
© 2009 Jason J. Dunn
 
 
iii
ABSTRACT
The combustor-diffuser system remains one of the most studied sections of theturbomachine. Most of these investigations are due to the fact that quite a bit of flowdiffusion is required in this section as the high speed flow exits the compressor and mustbe slowed down to enter the combustor. Like any diffusion process there is the chance forthe development of an unfavorable adverse pressure gradient that can lead to flowseparation; a cause of drastic losses within a turbine. There are two diffusion processes inthe combustor-diffuser system: The flow first exits the compressor into a pre-diffuser, orcompressor discharge diffuser. This diffuser is responsible for a majority of the pressurerecovery. The flow then exits the pre-diffuser by a sudden expansion into the dumpdiffuser. The dump diffuser comprises the majority of the losses, but is necessary toreduce the fluid velocity within acceptable limits for combustion. The topic of active flowcontrol is gaining interest in the industry because such a technique may be able toalleviate some of the requirements of the dump diffuser. If a wider angle pre-diffuserwith separation control were used the fluid velocity would be slowed more within thatregion without significant losses.Experiments were performed on two annular diffusers to characterize the flow separationto create a foundation for future active flow control techniques. Both diffusers had thesame fully developed inlet flow condition, however, the expansion of the two diffusersdiffered such that one diffuser replicated a typical compressor discharge diffuser foundin a real machine while the other would create a naturally separated flow along the outerwall. Both diffusers were tested at two Reynolds numbers, 5x10
4
and 1x10
5
, with and

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