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1038297 r05311003 Process Control Instrumentation

1038297 r05311003 Process Control Instrumentation

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Published by: Tamire santhosh mohan on Dec 13, 2009
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04/18/2011

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Code No: R05311003
Set No. 1
III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007PROCESS CONTROL INSTRUMENTATION( Common to Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering andInstrumentation & Control Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. (a) What are the different types of process variables?(b) Name all the variables of a liquid heating tank heated by electric current inan electric heater.(c) Define “Degrees of freedom” and bring out its importance in process control.[6+4+6]2. Three identical tanks are operated in series in non-interacting fashion. For eachtank, R=1 and t = 1. If the deviation in flow rate to the first tank is an impulsefunction of magnitude 2, determine(a) An expression for H(S) where H is the deviation in level in the third tank.(b) Obtain the expression for H(t).(c) Sketch the response H(t). [7+6+3]3. (a) Explain the principle of different types of discontinuous controller modes withexamples. Mention their applications.(b) Distinguish between multi position controller mode and floating control modewith neat sketches. [10+6]4. (a) Explain in detail, the realization of proportional-integral action with the aidof bellows, flapper-nozzle etc.(b) Draw a three mode electronic controller and derive the expression for theoutput voltage. [8+8]5. (a) What is meant by process tuning and list the various methods of tuning of PID parameters.(b) Discuss process reaction method for control loop tuning. [8+8]6. (a) Explain the baffle - Nozzle system with the help of its characteristic curves.(b) Explain the pneumatic booster and what is its need.(c) Differentiate between direct and reverse action final control operation.[6+6+4]7. A heating furnace requires a control valve passing 10gpm preheated light fuel oil(SP.gr. = 0.8) at full load and only 2 gpm at the smallest heating load. The sourcepressure constant at 50psi gage, but there is 10psi drop in the oil pre heater and20 psi drop at the furnace burner nozzles. Remaining pressure drop occurs only atcontrol valve when it is fully opened.1 of 2
 
Code No: R05311003
Set No. 1
(a) Find out control valve size required for the above application.(b) Find out required rangeability of the valve(c) Find out characteristic coefficient (
α
). [6+4+6]8. (a) Explain the process of controlling reflux in distillation column.(b) Explain the control of indirect bottom product in a distillation column.[8+8]
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
2 of 2
 
Code No: R05311003
Set No. 2
III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007PROCESS CONTROL INSTRUMENTATION( Common to Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering andInstrumentation & Control Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. (a) Define time constant of a system. Write the expression for the time constantin terms of the process parameters of a liquid level system.(b) A tank operating at 3 metre head and 0.022 cubic metre/min outflow througha valve has a cross section area 0.9 square metre. Calculate the time constant.(c) If this system known to have time constant response requires 5 minutes toindicate 98% of the response, what can be the time constant? [4+6+6]2. (a) Give one example for Interacting first order elements in series.(b) Write the differential equation for this combination and determine the transferfunction.(c) Comment on the transfer function. [3+10+3]3. (a) Explain with analytic expression, the concept of a single controller mode whichis anticipatory in nature. List its characteristics.(b) Why a pure derivative is not preferred? Draw the derivative controller outputfor the error given below figure3b. (Assume the relevant settings) [8+8]Figure 3b4. (a) Explain the method of realizing an electronic PD controller employing delayednegative feedback. Derive the expression for proportional gain and derivativetime.(b) With a neat sketch, explain the working principle of a thermostat type twoposition controller. How differential gaps are produced in such type of con-trollers. [8+8]5. (a) Explain continuous - cycling method to determine typical response for pro-portional control.(b) Discuss the merits and demerits of optimum settings by trial and error methodfor PID controlles . [8+8]1 of 2

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