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RPA - Liquid Rocket Engine Analysis

RPA - Liquid Rocket Engine Analysis

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Published by alpsoft
RPA (Rocket Propulsion Analysis) is a design tool for the performance prediction of the liquid propellant
rocket engines. RPA is written in Java and can be used under any operating system that has
installed Java Runtime Environment. The tool can be used either as a standalone GUI application or as an object-oriented library.

This document presents the equations used for the combustion equilibrium and performance calculations.
RPA (Rocket Propulsion Analysis) is a design tool for the performance prediction of the liquid propellant
rocket engines. RPA is written in Java and can be used under any operating system that has
installed Java Runtime Environment. The tool can be used either as a standalone GUI application or as an object-oriented library.

This document presents the equations used for the combustion equilibrium and performance calculations.

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Published by: alpsoft on Dec 23, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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RPA: Design Tool for Liquid Rocket Engine Analysis
 Abstract 
RPA (Rocket Propulsion Analysis) is a design tool for the performance prediction of the liquid- propellant rocket engines. RPA is written in Java and can be used under any operating system that hasinstalled Java Runtime Environment (e.g. Mac OS
®
X, Sun Solaris™, MS Windows™, any Linuxetc). The tool can be used either as a standalone GUI application or as an object-oriented library.This document presents the equations used for the combustion equilibrium and performancecalculations. Results obtained from implementing these equations will be compared with results fromequilibrium codes CEA2 and TDC.
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Contents
Symbols.................................................................................................................................................3Analysis methods..................................................................................................................................4Governing Equations for Combustion Equilibrium..........................................................................4Iteration Equations for Combustion Equilibrium.............................................................................7Iteration Procedure for Combustion Equilibrium.............................................................................8Thermodynamics Derivatives from Equilibrium Solution...............................................................8Derivatives from Composition With Respect to Pressure............................................................8Derivatives from Composition With Respect to Temperature.....................................................9Derivatives from perfect gas state equation.................................................................................9Heat Capacity and Specific Heat.................................................................................................9Velocity of sound.......................................................................................................................11Density ......................................................................................................................................11Thermodynamic Derivatives for Frozen Flow...........................................................................11Thermodynamic Data.....................................................................................................................12Theoretical Rocket Engine Performance........................................................................................12Combustion Chamber Conditions..............................................................................................12Throat Conditions for Infinite-area combustion chamber.........................................................12Throat Conditions for Finite-area combustion chamber............................................................13 Nozzle Exit Conditions..............................................................................................................15Equilibrium Conditions.........................................................................................................15Frozen Conditions.................................................................................................................15Theoretical Rocket Engine Performance...................................................................................16Computer Program RPA......................................................................................................................17Graphical User Interface.................................................................................................................17Input Parameters........................................................................................................................17Output Data................................................................................................................................18Verification.....................................................................................................................................19Conclusion...........................................................................................................................................22References...........................................................................................................................................23
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Symbols
 A
area, m
2
 
 F 
area ratio
 NS 
total number of species, gaseous and condensed
 NG
number of gaseous species
number of chemical elements
a
ij
stoichiometric coefficient, number of the atoms of element
i
 per mole of the species
 j
n
 j
moles of species
j
 N 
 g 
moles of gaseous species
 R
molar (universal) gas constant,
 R
=
8.314472
 J 
 K 
1
mol 
1
(ref. 9)
 H 
j
0
molar standard-state enthalpy for species
 j
,
mol 
1
 j
0
molar standard-state entropy for species
 j
,
 J 
 K 
1
mol 
1
G
 j
0
molar standard-state Gibbs energy for species
j
 p
 pressure, Pa
temperature, K 
w
velocity, m/s
density, kg/m
3
volume, m
3
 I 
 s
specific impulse, m/s
c
characteristic exhaust velocity, m/s
 F 
thrust coefficientSuperscripts:0symbol for standard state
symbol for molar parameter 
symbol for dimensionless parameter Subscripts:injinjector facecend of combustion chamber, or nozzle inlet sectiontnozzle throat sectionenozzle exit section0symbol for assigned, initial or stagnation condition
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