BETTINA VON HAGEN is managing director, Natural Capital Fund, Ecotrust,
1200 NW Naito Parkway, Portland, OR 97209; and ROGER D. FIGHT is a principal
economist, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest
Research Station, P.O. Box 3890, Portland, OR 97208-3890.
development of nontimber forest products in the Pacific Northwest. Gen. Tech.
Rep. PNW-GTR-473. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest
Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 18 p.
medicinal plants, and floral and holiday greens provide alternative sources of revenue and employment for rural communities. This paper describes and analyzes the con- tribution of the nontimber forest product industries in the Pacific Northwest from economic, social, and ecological perspectives. We conclude that promises of replace- ment for declining timber harvests has been largely unfulfilled: the nontimber forest product industries are seasonal, cyclical, and competitive, with generally low returns to harvesters. On the other hand, harvesting of nontimber forest products provides opportunities to those with the fewest options: recent immigrant groups and residents of economically distressed communities. The current economic contribution of non- timber forest products, however, may be considerably less than their future potential under management regimes that emphasize both timber and nontimber products.
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