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Non-timber forest products pacific northwest

Non-timber forest products pacific northwest

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Published by Chuck Achberger
United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station General Technical Report PNW-GTR-473 September 1999

Opportunities for Conservation-Based Development of Nontimber Forest Products in the Pacific Northwest
Bettina von Hagen and Roger D. Fight

H er bal S u p ple m e n t s

H er bal S u p p le m e n t s

Business opportunities
United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station General Technical Report PNW-GTR-473 September 1999

Opportunities for Conservation-Based Development of Nontimber Forest Products in the Pacific Northwest
Bettina von Hagen and Roger D. Fight

H er bal S u p ple m e n t s

H er bal S u p p le m e n t s

Business opportunities

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Published by: Chuck Achberger on Jan 21, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/01/2013

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Opportunities for
Conservation-Based
Development of Nontimber
Forest Products in the
Pacific Northwest
Bettina von Hagen and Roger D. Fight
United States
Department of
Agriculture
Forest Service
Pacific Northwest
Research Station

General Technical
Report
PNW-GTR-473

September 1999
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Herbal
Authors

BETTINA VON HAGEN is managing director, Natural Capital Fund, Ecotrust,
1200 NW Naito Parkway, Portland, OR 97209; and ROGER D. FIGHT is a principal
economist, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest
Research Station, P.O. Box 3890, Portland, OR 97208-3890.

Abstract
von Hagen, Bettina; Fight, Roger D. 1999.Opportunities for conservation-based

development of nontimber forest products in the Pacific Northwest. Gen. Tech.
Rep. PNW-GTR-473. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest
Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 18 p.

Declines in timber harvests on public lands and new market opportunities have re-
kindled an interest in nontimber forest products. Such products as edible mushrooms,

medicinal plants, and floral and holiday greens provide alternative sources of revenue and employment for rural communities. This paper describes and analyzes the con- tribution of the nontimber forest product industries in the Pacific Northwest from economic, social, and ecological perspectives. We conclude that promises of replace- ment for declining timber harvests has been largely unfulfilled: the nontimber forest product industries are seasonal, cyclical, and competitive, with generally low returns to harvesters. On the other hand, harvesting of nontimber forest products provides opportunities to those with the fewest options: recent immigrant groups and residents of economically distressed communities. The current economic contribution of non- timber forest products, however, may be considerably less than their future potential under management regimes that emphasize both timber and nontimber products.

Forest management systems that emphasize a variety of forest products and ser-
vices are generally higher in diversity, habitat value, recreation value, and aesthetic
appeal.
Keywords: Nontimber forest products, special forest products, community develop-
ment, employment, income.

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