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Slab Designer as per IS 456-2000

Slab Designer as per IS 456-2000

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Published by mofizahmed
This is an example on "How to design a RCC Slab using IS 456-2000".A step by step procedure of slab designing

This manual is created based on the value obtained from "SLAB DESIGNER ver 2.00" which can design solid slab ( both one way and two way slabs),completely based on IS 456-2000
This is an example on "How to design a RCC Slab using IS 456-2000".A step by step procedure of slab designing

This manual is created based on the value obtained from "SLAB DESIGNER ver 2.00" which can design solid slab ( both one way and two way slabs),completely based on IS 456-2000

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Published by: mofizahmed on Jan 24, 2010
Copyright:Public Domain

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07/03/2015

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SLAB DESIGNER
 
ver 2.00
Name of author:Mofiz AhmedProfession:B-Tech Civil Engineer (student IV year II sems)Software used: Slab Designer ver 2.00  Web site: www.mofizahmed.webs.com
An Example(For educational purpose only)
The given value that we have are:Grade of concrete used is Fck=25N/mm2 ( for M25 grade of concrete)Grade of steel used is Fy=415N/mm2Shorter length of slab i.e slab in X direction lx=3000mmLonger length of slab i.e slab in Y direction ly=4000mmGiven Live load is LL=4KN/m2Given Dead load (beside the selfweight) is DL=0KN/m2Given Floor finishing Load FL=0.65KN/m2Now finding the ratio of ly and lx, ly/lx=1.33Since the ratio (ly/lx)=1.33 is less than 2 so it is a Two way type of slabSelected type of slab i.e whether continuous or discontinuous= D kind of slabEffective depth of slab d=lx/30=100Taking the value to nearest multiple of 5 or 10 then d=100 mm
 
Providing a nominal cover of 30 mm,therefor overall depth D=130 mm/////////////// LOAD CALCULATION ///////////////Self weight per square unit=Volume*Unit weight of concrete=1*1*D*U where U is the unit weight of concrete and is assumed as U=25 KN/m2Self weight SL=3.25 KN/m2Total load acting on the slab is W= DL+FL+LL+SLTotal load acting on the slab W=7.90 KN/m2Total factored load acting on the slab Wu=Factor of safety * W=1.50*7.90=11.85 KN/m2Since d is less than support width so the effective spans are...............................................Lefx=lx+d=3100 mmLefy=ly+d=4100 mmRatio of effective spans in X and Y direction i.e Lefx/Lefy=1.32For ratio of Lefy/Lefx=1.32,from Table 26 of IS-456,we get -ve alpha x i.e -ve ax=0.07For ratio of Lefy/Lefx=1.32,from Table 26 of IS-456,we get -ve alpha y i.e -ve ay=0.05For ratio of Lefy/Lefx=1.32,from Table 26 of IS-456,we get +ve alpha x i.e +ve ax=0.05For ratio of Lefy/Lefx=1.32,from Table 26 of IS-456,we get +ve alpha y i.e +ve ay=0.03As per ANNEX D of IS-456 Moment is calculated as : alpha value * load * square of effective lengthPositive moment in X direction(shorter span) for alpha positive i.e +ve ax M1=5.68 KN-mNegitive moment for alpha x negitive in X direction i.e -ve ax M2=7.56 KN-mPositive moment in Y direction (longer span) for alpha positive i.e +ve ay M3=3.99 KN-mNegitive moment in Y direction (longer span) for alpha negitive i.e -ve ay M4=5.35 KN-mShear force as per IS-456 Vu=((Wu*Lefx*r)/2)(1+r)=13.84 KN, where r=(Lefx/Lefy)^4=3.06Design Moment is the maximum of all the above moment caculated..'. Design moment=M=7.56 KN-mAs per IS-456 for Fy=415 N/mm2 we have Xu=0.48*d=48.00
 
//////////// AREA OF STEEL REINFORCEMENT /////////////From IS-456 we have ultimate moment as Mu=0.36*fck*1000*Xu*(d-(0.42*Xu))Putting all the respective values in the above equation we get Mu=34.49 KN-mSince Mu is less than M therfor we can design the slab as singly reinforcedFrom IS-456 we have M=0.87*Fy*Ast*d(1-((Fy*Ast)/(b*d*Fck)))where b=1000 mm, Ast=area of reinforcement steel requiredIn this equation,we have all the values except Ast.'. Putting all the values we get Ast valueArea of steel required for Moment=5.68 KN-m is calculated as = 161.74 mm2Spacing required for this area of steel is given as.....(area of each bar*b)/total area of steelSpacing calculated or required spacing=485.59 mmSpacing provided=300 mm since it is less than 3d but more than 300 mmConverting it into lower multiple of 5 or 10Spacing provided=300 mmArea of steel required for Moment=3.99 KN-m is calculated as = 112.49 mm2Spacing required for this area of steel is given as.....(area of each bar*b)/total area of steelSpacing calculated or required spacing=698.17 mmSpacing provided=300 mm since it is less than 3d but more than 300 mmConverting it into lower multiple of 5 or 10Spacing provided=300 mmArea of steel required for Moment=7.56 KN-m is calculated as = 217.11 mm2Spacing required for this area of steel is given as.....(area of each bar*b)/total area of steel

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