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Thickness Calculation for Pipe

# Thickness Calculation for Pipe

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08/21/2013

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Stainless Steel Tube & Pipe – Pressure Ratings
abc
®

Aalco is a registered trademark of Aalco Metals Ltd

25 High Street, Cobham, Surrey, KT11 3DH

All Data is indicative only and must not be seen as a substitute for the full specification from which it is drawn.In particular, the mechanical property requirements vary widely with product form and product dimensions.For more complete details please refer to the relevant specification – Specifications for Stainless Steelare listed on a separate Datasheet.
1

Stainless Steel Tube & Pipe – Pressure Ratings
abc
®

Aalco is a registered trademark of Aalco Metals Ltd

25 High Street, Cobham, Surrey, KT11 3DH

All Data is indicative only and must not be seen as a substitute for the full specification from which it is drawn.In particular, the mechanical property requirements vary widely with product form and product dimensions.For more complete details please refer to the relevant specification – Specifications for Stainless Steelare listed on a separate Datasheet.
2
Worked Example:
Taking the simplest equation: t = PD2SE
A. If you wish to calculate what wall thickness should be used in a design for the following situation:P = Internal Design Pressure – For this example lets say 2000 pounds per square inch = 2ksiD = Outside Diameter – For this example lets say 4 inch nominal bore = 4.5 inchesS = Stress Value for material from table below taking into account operating temperature – Forthis example lets take ASTM A312 TP 316L operating at 500
O
C for which S = 14.4 ksi(1ksi = 1,000 psi / psi = Pounds Pressure per Square Inch)E = Quality Factor from table below according to manufacturing specification – For this examplewe are using ASTM A312 TP 316L Seamless for which E = 1.0So this gives: t = 2 x 4.5 = 0.313 inches2 x 14.4 x 1.0Thus we would use 4 inch Nominal Bore Schedule 80S which has a wall thickness of 0.337 inchesIf the wall thickness calculation leads to a heavier wall than is available then the pipe diametermust be increased. Depending upon the design of the system this may also reduce the pressure.B. If you wish to calculate what design pressure could be permitted for the following situation:D = Outside Diameter – For this example lets say 4 inch nominal bore = 4.5 inchest = Wall Thickness – For this example lets say Schedule 40S = 0.237 inchesS = Stress Value for material from table below taking into account operating temperature – Forthis example lets take ASTM A312 TP 316L operating at 500
O
C for which S = 14.4 ksi(1ksi = 1,000 psi / psi = Pounds Pressure per Square Inch)E = Quality Factor from table below according to manufacturing specification – For this examplewe are using ASTM A312 TP 316L Seamless for which E = 1.0So this gives: 0.237 = P x 4.52 x 14.4 x 1.0Thus P = 1.51ksi = 1,510 pounds per square inch
This information is based on our present knowledge and is given in good faith. However, no liability will be accepted by the Company isrespect of any action taken by any third party in reliance thereon As the products detailed may be used for a wide variety of purposes and as the Company has no control over their use; the Companyspecifically excludes all conditions or warranties expressed or implied by statute or otherwise as to dimensions, properties and/or fitness for any particular purpose. Any advice given by the Company to any third party is given for that party’s assistance only and without liability on the part of the Company. Any contract between the Company and a customer will be subject to the Company’s Conditions of Sale. The extent of the Company’sliabilities to any customer is clearly set out in those Conditions; a copy of which is available on request.

Stainless Steel Tube & Pipe – Pressure Ratings
abc
®

Aalco is a registered trademark of Aalco Metals Ltd

25 High Street, Cobham, Surrey, KT11 3DH

All Data is indicative only and must not be seen as a substitute for the full specification from which it is drawn.In particular, the mechanical property requirements vary widely with product form and product dimensions.For more complete details please refer to the relevant specification – Specifications for Stainless Steelare listed on a separate Datasheet.
3