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Thesis Chapter1 3 5

Thesis Chapter1 3 5

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Published by: d1_2011 on Mar 20, 2010
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02/16/2015

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NUTRITION AND SANITATION: THE PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD FOR FOODPRODUCTS AND ITS IMPLICATION TO THE PRACTICESOF STREET VENDORS IN HANDLING FOOD PRODUCTS
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
Nutrition also called nourishment or aliment is the provision, tocellsand organisms, of the materials necessary, in the form of food to supportlife(www.wikipedia.org) Many common health problems can be preventedor alleviated with ahealthy diet. Nutrition is an input to and foundation for health and development. Better nutritionmeans stronger immune systems, less illness and better health. It is a prime entry point to ending poverty and amilestone to achieving better quality of life. Without proper nutrition malnutrition can occur, due to inadequate intakeof protein, energy, and micronutrients such as vitamins (WHO, 2001).To promote adequate nutrition, food safety in the Philippines has received increasing attention due to anumber of factors. First, a respectable proportion of the food establishments are of the small and medium scale,where strict implementation of food safety regulations is wanting. Second, poverty remains a major factor to reckonwith, and consequently results to low literacy on food safety, especially in the rural areas. Third, consumers enjoywider choices and lower prices under a more liberalized trade regime but are usually not so knowledgeable on theproduction, storage and handling processes of the available commodities. Fourth, the changing lifestyle of manyFilipinos has forced them to rely on cooked foods which are questionable in terms of their cleanliness. Nowadays,food handlers are definitely observable in their food handling mismanagement, because of this, laws wereimplemented so that entrepreneurs/ vendors would ensure that the public’s concerns on food security and safetyare acknowledged and responded to.Today, the policy framework and implementing guidelines for food safety and hygiene in the country arenow in place. Sanitation has been gaining increased attention recently due to the rising number of food-borneillnesses and malnutrition worldwide. Even though there are food regulatory laws, proper management of nutritionand sanitation remains to be an issue in many countries including Philippines. The causes of food borne illness aremultifaceted. Some major risk factors of food borne illness are related to employee behaviors and preparationpractices in food service establishments (WHO, 2000).The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) defines street foods as “ready-to-eat foods and beveragesprepared and sold in streets and other similar public places”. Street foods have become popular not only as sourceof convenient and affordable food, but as main source of livelihood. However, street food vendors over look theimportance of the safety and nutritional quality of the food they serve which can cause food-related diseases, evenpoisoning and death to costumers, particularly school children. Street food vending was stipulated by the growth of the urban population. The demand for inexpensive, ready to eat food has increased. Most of the earningsgenerated in street vending are generally local and thereby promoting economic sufficiency. However thecontribution of street food vendors to the economy has been vastly underestimated and neglected. The Philippineshas no accurate record to quantify annual sales on street food since it is considered an informal sector. Customersfrom various economic strata benefit from nutritious, low cost meals.There are different agencies, who execute the Philippine National Standard for food products like theDepartment of Health, Bureau of Food and Drugs, Department of Agriculture, and other minor agencies. One of themajor agencies is the Department of Health, which is the administrative department of thePhilippines, not only incharge for ensuring access to qualityhealth care services but also in the promotion of quality foods. With all these factors in mind, the researchers decided to conduct the study to assess the perceived qualityand safety of street foods on Barangay Greater Fairview because of the numerous schools, colleges, hospitals andother establishments like malls and supermarkets (wherein these areas attract a large number of people which mayserve as potential customers to the street vendors) that reside in the aforementioned Barangay to help the streetvendors in evaluating their level of adherence on the protocol on food and sanitation, and from it relay theappropriate correction, or modification to improve the quality and safety of street foods.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
This study is focus on the practices of the street vendors in handling food products regarding nutrition andsanitation.Specifically, the researchers sought to answer the following questions:1. How may the respondents be described in terms of:1.1 consumers;1.1.1 age;1.1.2 highest educational attainment?
 
1.2 street vendors;1.2.1 age, and;1.2.2. highest educational attainment?2. What are the most common street foods:2.1 patronized by the consumers, and;2.2 sold by the street vendors?3. Are both sets of respondents aware of nutrients present in the selected street food?4. What is the major nutrient found in street foods as perceived by the:4.1 consumers, and;4.2 street vendors?5. Are both sets of respondents aware of the Philippine National Standard for food products implemented by thegovernment?6. What are the preferences of both sets of respondents regarding the implementation of the Philippine NationalStandard for food products?7. To what extent do the consumers perceived the adherence of street vendors to the safety and sanitationprocedures stated in the Philippine National Standard for food products?7.1 consumer:7.1.1 fried/grilled foods, and;7.1.2 beverages, and;7.1.3 general appearance?8. What are the prescribed standard and procedures in the preparation of thestreet foods as observed and self-evaluated by the respondents, as to:8.1 Consumers:8.1.1. practices that maintain the cleanliness of street foods,and;8.1.2. consumers’ observation of their own performance based on prescribed safety andsanitary procedures from the Philippine National Standard for food products?8.2 street vendors:8.2.1. practices that maintain the cleanliness of street foods, and;8.2.2.street vendors’ observation of their own performance based on prescribed safety and sanitaryprocedures from the Philippine National Standard for food products?
ASSUMPTIONS
These statements show the assumptions of the researchers.1.The researchers and the consumers agree that majority of street vendors do not adhere to theguidelines implemented based on the Philippine National Standard for food products.2.The researchers agree that street foods do not contain any essential nutrients.3.The researchers agree that majority of the street vendors and consumers are not aware of the specificnutritional content of the patronized street food.4. The researchers agree that majority of the street vendors and consumers are not aware of the laws/protocols implemented by the government to monitor street foods, specifically The Philippine NationalStandard for food products.
CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
The conceptual framework maps the entire process of the researchers’ study. The study is entitled,Nutrition and Sanitation: The Philippine National Standard for food products and its implications to the practices of street food vendors in handling food products. The study aims to assess the street vendors and consumers of their awareness of the nutrition and sanitation with regards to street foods. It (the study) began with the selection of thelocation, respondents and their profile (age and highest educational attainment) The chosen location was BarangayGreater Fairview because of numerous schools, colleges and other establishments in the Barangay that attract alarge number of people. The respondents were the street vendors and consumers within the said location above.After the establishing the location and respondents, the researchers then moved on to the development of thequestionnaire as the research instrument to assess for both of the respondents’ knowledge on the nutrition,
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Philippine National Standard for food products, the street vendors’ performance in comparison with theprescribed standards and sanitary procedures and measures that the government implements and lastly, theextent of adherence of the street vendors in accordance to the Philippine National Standard for food products. After gathering the data, the researchers will tally, interpret and analyze the data to come up with the results regardingthe level of adherence of the street vendors evaluated by themselves and by the consumers and make thenecessary recommendations and suggestions to help improve the street vendor’s performance and the consumers’knowledge regarding the nutrition and sanitation of the street foods they patronize.
Figure 1 Paradigm of Conceptual Framework
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Profile of the respondents:Street vendors and consumers in termsof age and highest educationalattainment in Barangay Greater Fairview, Quezon CityThe most common street foods beingvended and patronized in BarangayGreater Fairview, Quezon CityThe consumers’ awareness of nutrientsin the selected street food and themajor nutrient found
The street vendors’ awareness of nutrients in the selected streetfood and the major nutrient found
The consumers’ awareness of thePhilippine National Standard for foodproducts and their preference in itsimplementationThe street vendors’ awareness of Philippine National Standard for foodproducts and their preference in itsimlementationThe prescribed standards and procedures inthe preparation of street foods according tothe Philippine National Standard for foodroductsThe comparison of the vendors’ ownperformance based on the prescribedstandards and procedures in thepreparation of street foods by the vendorsthemselvesThe comparison of the vendors’ ownperformance based on the prescribedstandards and procedures in thepreparation of street foods by theConsumersThe level of adherence of thestreet vendors evaluated byboth of the respondents

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KimberlyLeuterio liked this
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sino author nito ???
asd
Ruby Jane Carreon added this note
where can i find the chapter 2 and 4?? and who is the author of this thesis.tnx
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greater acknowledgment to the author.
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yeah.. who is the author?plZ?

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