is aperiodof European art which emerged from the later years of the ItalianHigh Renaissancearound1520. It
lasted until about1580inItaly, when a moreBaroque
style began to replace it, but continued into theseventeenth century throughout much of Europe.
Mannerism encompasses a variety of approachesinfluenced by, and reacting to, the harmonious idealsand restrained naturalism associated with artists such asLeonardo da Vinci,Raphael, and earlyMichelangelo.
Mannerism is notable for its intellectual sophistication aswell as its artificial (as opposed to naturalistic) qualities.