INSIGHT IIT JE CLASSES NALLAKUNTA HYDERABAD 040 64606657
MODULE – 2::NEWTONS LAWS OFMOTION
Newton's laws of motion, Inertial and uniformly accelerated frames of reference; Static and dynamic friction.
The property by virtue of which a body retains its state of rest or of uniform motionalong a straight line. For example, we use the word pull the rug; when the rug under someones feet is pulled, his feet move along with the ring where as other part retains itsstationary state and the man falls
It is the measure of translational inertia i.e larger the mass, greater the inertia of abody and to change its state a greater external force has to be applied.
NEWTON'S FIRST LAW
If the net force acting on a body in a certain direction is zero, then the inertia of thebody in that direction is retained. i.e. if the body is at rest it will not move and if it is movingwith a constant speed in a certain direction it will not change either the direction or themagnitude of speed in that direction. The body will not accelerate in either of the cases.
Broadly, forces can be divided into two categories
Contact forces.Field forces are gravitational, electrostatic, electromagnetic etc., and contact forces arenormal reaction, tension, friction etc. We will discuss a few of them, which are important inthe present context.Gravitational force at a point is Mg where M is the mass of the body and g is theacceleration due to gravity at the point and it is directed towards the center of the earthnear the earth.
(a) In a string: If a string is tied to a body and is taut then tension acts on thebody. The number of tensions acting on the body is the number of segments joined to thebody. The direction of the tension on the body is along the string away from the point of attachment to the body.
Illustration – 1 :
Find the number of tensions acting on the bodym, wedge M and the wall.
Number of points of attachment to M is 3Number of segments of thread attached to 1 is 2,Number of segments of thread attached to 2 is 2 ,Number of segments of thread attached to 3 is 1 ,So number of tension acting on M is 5At 1. one horizontally right (A) and one down the inclined plane (B)At 2. one up the inclined plane (C) and one vertically down wards (D)At 3. one towards right E