Fertilize plants lightly once every month using ordinary complete fertilizerslike 14-14-14, controlled release fertilizer or garden compost. Do not over-fertilize.Over-fertilizing and over-watering may reduce flower production.
The plant prefers a fertile, well drained loamy soil, preferably without an abundanceof clay. A soil rich in organic matter is also ideal. For plants to be sown on pots, use 5-inch pots, use the recommended soil mix and plant the seeds. Water the potting mixtureenough to make the soil moist but not water logged or too wet as it may cause rotting of the seeds.
Pest and Diseases.
Cosmos plants are usually not too much affected by insect pestsas they have a natural chemical in them which repels insects.
Cosmos plants can be propagated through seeds. Pollinated flowersproduce dry seeds, similar to miniature pine needles. The seeds can be air-dried andstored in paper envelopes or planted immediately in the soil. They are easy togerminate (about 7-10 days after sowing) and quickly grow into seedlings. They can bedirectly planted into the soil where they will grow into mature plants or in pots. Spaceplants 12 inches apart. Cosmos plants normally grow to 4-5 feet in a season. Seedlingsmay crowd each other and still thrive with carefree, sprawling growth over the latesummer and after the end of the rainy season. Plants will flower within 8 to 10 weeks of seeding.
Other cultural practices.
Protection plants from too much wind by providing bamboostakes. This will prevent delicate stems frombending or breaking, especially for varietiesthat grow up to 3 feet tall or taller.Deadhead or removed spent flowersregularly, as it keeps cosmos in bloom for many weeks. Cut back dead foliage toprevent incidence of diseases to make plantlook clean.After their growth season, remove or uprootdead plants and pile them aside as compost,as they also help in fertilizing the soil. Sownew seeds or transplant new seedlings for the next batch of plants.Cosmos plants are one of the most easilysold annual plants in garden centers as theyare economical, they are easy to grow, andthey can be used as accents or decorationsin the garden, inside the home or in theoffice.
Dry Cosmos seeds ready for the picking