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MIS "types of DSS"

MIS "types of DSS"

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Published by: maba2610 on May 19, 2010
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12/16/2012

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10.3 Types of DSS
DSS, may either be• Model Driven DSS• Data Driven DSS
10.3.1 Model Driven DSSModel driven DSS uses following techniques
What-If analysis
Attempt to check the impact of a change in the assumptions (inputdata) on theproposed solution e.g. What will happen to the market share if theadvertising budget increases by 5 % or 10%?
Goal Seek Analysis
Attempt to find the value of the inputs necessary to achieve a desiredlevel of output. Ituses “backward” solution approach e.g. a DSS solution yielded a profitof $2M. What will be the necessary sales volume to generate a profit of $2.2M?
 
 These are primarily stand alone systems isolated from majororganizational information systems (finance, manufacturing, HR, etc). They are developed by end users and are not reliant on centralinformation systems control. These systems combine• Use of a strong model, and• Good user interface to maximize model utility They are not usually data intensive, hat is very large data bases areusually not need for model-driven DSS. They use data and parameters usually provided by decision makers toaid in analyzing a situation.
 
10.3.2 Data Driven DSS
As opposed to model driven DSS, these systems use large pools of data found in major organizational systems. They help to extractinformation from the large quantities of data stored. These systemsrely on Data Warehouses created from Transaction Processingsystems.• They use following techniques for data analysis• Online analytical processing, and• Data mining
Components of DSS
 There are two major components• DSS data base – is a collection of current and historical data frominternal external sources. It can be a massive data warehouse.• Decision Support Software system – is the set of software tools usedfor data analysis. For instance• Online analytical processing (OLAP) tools• Data mining tools• Models

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