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Hortatory Exposition

Hortatory Exposition

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Published by Selvi Nafisa Shahab

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Published by: Selvi Nafisa Shahab on May 28, 2010
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04/19/2013

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A Hortatory exposition is a type of spoken or written text that is intended to explainthe listeners or readers that something should or should not happen or be done. Tostrengthen the explanation, the speaker or writer needs some arguments as thefundamental reasons of the given idea. In other words, this kind of text can be called asargumentation. Hortatory exposition text can be found in scientific books, journals,magazines, newspaper articles, academic speech or lectures, research report etc. Hortatoryexpositions are popular among science, academic community and educated people.Example of hortatory exposition:
Fasten Your Seat Belt!!!
A seat belt, sometimes called a safety belt, is a safety harness designed to securethe occupant of a vehicle against harmful movement that may result from a collision or asudden stop. As part of an overall occupant restraint system, seat belts are intended toreduce injuries by stopping the wearer from hitting hard interior elements of the vehicle orother passengers (the so-called second impact) and by preventing the wearer from beingthrown from the vehicle.During 2004, total accident in DKI Jakarta are 4.544 cases, with 1.146 death victims,63% of that accident victims didn’t use seat belt (Source: tempo interactive). If we use seatbelt, we will be safe if an accident happening to us. Of course it will decrease the number of death by fatal accident. This fact makes us realize that if we don’t use seat belt, we willendanger our life. So it’s very important to use seat belt.For some people, using seat belt makes journey uncomfortable, makes us can’tmove freely, etc. But if we used to wear it, it will be our habit. We will feel more and morecomfortable if we often use it. Regardless of whether it is comfortable or not, it is veryimportant for us to use seat belt, to save our life.Government, especially police department, began enforcing us to use a seat belt todecrease the number of death victim. It’s appropriated with polices’ slogan “Melindungi danMengayomi Masyarakat Indonesia”. Because the number of death victim in Indonesia is sohigh. And most of the death victims didn’t use seat belt.A rule in our country about seat belt:
UNDANG-UNDANG LALU LINTAS DAN ANGKUTAN JALANPasal 61
 
(2) Barangsiapa tidak menggunakan sabuk keselamatan pada waktu mengemudikankendaraan bermotor roda empat atau lebih, atau tidak menggunakan helm pada waktumengemudikan kendaraan bermotor roda dua atau pada waktu mengemudikan kendaraanbermotor roda empat atau lebih yang tidak dilengkapi dengan rumah-rumah, sebagaimanadimaksud dalam Pasal 23 ayat (1) huruf e, dipidana dengan pidana kurungan paling lama 1(satu) bulan atau denda setinggi-tingginya Rp. 1.000.000,00 (satu juta rupiah).This rule is good, but I think the sanction of this rule is so cruel; it’s very expensiveto pay for Indonesian people. Indonesia isn’t a rich country. This rule is susceptible to bemisused, the misuse of paying the sanction. It will be better if the sanction is below Rp1.000.000,00.How about a pregnant woman?I think pregnant woman shouldn’t be free from the rule enforcing the use of a seatbelt. Her big stomach isn’t a reason to not use seat belt. Now, there is a special seat beltwhich is designed for pregnant woman. For pregnant mothers, the fetus is protected by asac full of amniotic fluid. This sac is quite strong and the fluids inside acts like a cushion toprotect the fetus. The sac is pliable so it can change shape to a certain degree. The properuse of a seat belt will divert the pressure points off the sac, and thus the fetus would onlybe minimally affected. The lap belt should be worn low over the pelvic bones and notagainst the soft stomach area. The shoulder belt should be worn across the chest. Bothshould be worn snugly. So, the baby won’t be pressed by seat belt.There is no reason for us to not use seat belt. There are so many advantages of using seat belt. And there are so many disadvantages if you don’t use seat belt. I think wehave to rely on one thing: our safety. As wise men say:”Protection is better than curing”.So, fasten your seat belt!
Generic Structure of Hortatory Exposition
1.
Thesis
: Statement or announcement of issue concern2.
Arguments
: Reasons for concern that will lead to recommendation

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