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Stent Analysis with Growing Rigid Body

Stent Analysis with Growing Rigid Body

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Published by Dan Wolf
This release of MD-Nastran incorporates a new functionality of table-driven growth/shrink of rigid bodies. A key feature of this functionality is that the rigid body could be made to change its shape in addition to translation and rotation (transformation). The evolution of growth/shrink can be controlled by table driven input with time as independent variable which makes this functionality indispensible for certain kind of analyses. This feature is illustrated with a typical balloon-expanded stent analysis as an example.
This release of MD-Nastran incorporates a new functionality of table-driven growth/shrink of rigid bodies. A key feature of this functionality is that the rigid body could be made to change its shape in addition to translation and rotation (transformation). The evolution of growth/shrink can be controlled by table driven input with time as independent variable which makes this functionality indispensible for certain kind of analyses. This feature is illustrated with a typical balloon-expanded stent analysis as an example.

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Published by: Dan Wolf on Jun 07, 2010
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10/24/2012

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Chapter 64: Stent Analysis with Growing Rigid Body
64
Stent Analysis with GrowingRigid Body
 
1199
CHAPTER 64
Stent Analysis with Growing Rigid Body
Summary
TitleChapter 64: Stent Analysis with Growing Rigid BodyFeaturesCase 1 – Expansion of stent simulating the deployment stepCase 2 – Recoil of deployed stent simulating spring back GeometryStent dimensions:Internal radius: 0.92 mm; Thickness of wire: 0.08 mm; Length: 6.96 mmRigid cylinder dimensions:Radius: 0.92 mm; Length: 7.00 mmMaterial propertiesElastic-plastic material (Stainless steel SS316)E = 2.9E+07 N/mm
2
, , with yield stress
y
= 2.05 N/mm
2
, Plasticity modulus(slope) 3.2E+05 N/mm
2
.Analysis characteristics Step-1: Stent expanded through rigid cylinder with 3 times growth factor.Step-2: Stent analyzed for spring back by shrinking of rigid cylinderBoundary conditionsFor step-1 and step-2, the stent is arrested for rigid body motionApplied loadsFor step-1 and step-2, expansion is through radial growth of rigid cylinderElement type8 node solid brick elementSprings for arresting rigid body motionFE resultsDeformed shapeStress plotSpring-back deformed shape and residual stresses
0.28
=
 
MD Demonstration ProblemsCHAPTER 64
1200
Introduction
A key feature of the table-driven growth/shrink of rigid bodies functionality is that the rigid body could be made tochange its shape in addition to translation and rotation (transformation). The evolution of growth/shrink can becontrolled by table driven input with time as independent variable which makes this functionality indispensable forcertain kind of analyses. This feature is illustrated with a typical balloon-expanded stent analysis as an example.A stent is a small hollow metallic wire mesh which is placed in choked coronary arteries to help keep them distendedto ensure sufficient flow of blood. A stent, the key element of such a treatment – called angioplasty – is inserted andplaced into the artery in crimped state by means of a catheter and are deployed by means of balloon. The deploymentis done by expanding the balloon such that the stent undergoes plastic deformation to dilate the clogged artery andholds it from constricting.This problem illustrates the deployment and recoil (spring back) steps of the stent analysis. The deformation of balloonis ignored and is replaced by a rigid growing/shrinking cylinder. In the deployment step, the cylinder is expanded suchthat the radius grows three times its original size. And in the recoil step, the cylinder is shrunk to 1.5 times of itsoriginal size.
Modeling Details
A simple stent of internal radius of 0.92 mm with wire thickness 0.08 mm and length 6.96 mm is modeled and meshedwith 8 node brick elements. The mesh contains 1014 brick elements, 4 spring elements and 4913 nodes. A rigidcylindrical surface of 1.0 mm internal radius and 7.0 mm long is modeled which simulates the balloon.The finite element mesh of the beam-plate structure with the rigid cylinder is shown inFigure64-1.
Figure64-1 Stent with Internal Expanding Rigid Cylinder

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