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Oil Spill Case History, 1967-1991

Oil Spill Case History, 1967-1991

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Published by: Protect Florida's Beaches on Jul 06, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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IntroductionThe National Oil and Hazardous Substances PollutionContingency Plan (40 CFR Part 300), referred to subsequentlyas “The National Contingency Plan” (NCP), is the principalFederal mechanism for operations pertaining to theidentification, containment, and cleanup of releases of oiland hazardous substances in the coastal United States. NOAAhas the responsibility, under the NCP, to provide scientificsupport to the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) in planning for andresponding to spill emergencies in the marine environment.Discussions between the USCG Research and Development Centerand NOAA concluded that, by providing insights into pastexperiences, a database of oil spill case histories might bebeneficial to the USCG, NOAA, and other agencies involved inspill response and contingency planning. These casehistories, developed with significant funding andconsultation from the USCG Research and Development Center,are intended as references to be read as planning aids forinsights into scientific and operational decision-making, andto ensure that particular strategic elements are properlyaddressed in contingency planning. Although the files areconfigured for ready accessibility to details of particularspills, these case histories can be used for constructinghypothetical scenarios and for “gaming” a spill, e.g., “giventhe actual response to spill x, what would you do?” or “whatwould you have done differently, and why?”Criteria were established to limit the initial number ofspills to be evaluated. The case histories include allspills that:exceeded 100,000 barrels internationallyexceeded 10,000 barrels in U.S. watersinvolved the use of dispersantsinvolved bioremediationinvolved severe environmental impacts: more than 500
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