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Stele of Revealing (WP)

Stele of Revealing (WP)

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Published by Dgray93lon

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Published by: Dgray93lon on Jul 19, 2010
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Stele of Ankh-ef-en-Khonsu1
Stele of Ankh-ef-en-Khonsu
Stele Cairo A 9422 (Bulaq 666), depicting Nut,Behdety as the winged solar disk, Re-Harakhtyseated on his throne, and the stele's owner,Ankh-ef-en-Khonsu i
The
Stele of Ankh-ef-en-Khonsu i
(also known as the
Stele of Revealing
) is a painted, wooden offering stele, discovered in 1858 atthe mortuary temple of Hatshepsut at Dayr al-Bahri by FrançoisAuguste Ferdinand Mariette.
[1]
It was originally made for theMontu-priest Ankh-ef-en-Khonsu i,
[2]
and was discovered near hiscoffin ensemble of two sarcophagi and two anthropomorphic innercoffins. It dates to
circa
680/70 BCE, the period of the late Dynasty25/early Dynasty 26. Originally located in the former Bulaq Museumunder inventory number 666, the stele was moved around 1902 to thenewly opened Egyptian Museum of Cairo (inventory number A 9422;Temporary Register Number 25/12/24/11), where it remains today.The stele is made of wood and covered with a plaster gesso, which hasbeen painted. It measures 51.5 centimeters high and 31 centimeterswide. On the front Ankh-ef-en-Khonsu i as a priest of Montu can beseen; he is presenting offerings to the falcon-headed god Re-Harakhty("Re-Horus of the Two Horizons"), a synchronistic form of the godsRa and Horus, who is seated on a throne. The symbol of the west, theplace of the Dead, is seen behind Re-Harakhty. Above the figures is adepiction of Nut, the sky goddess who stretches from horizon tohorizon. Directly beneath her is the Winged Solar Disk, Horus of Behdet.The stele is also known as the "
Stele of Revealing
" and is a centralelement of the religious philosophy Thelema founded by Aleister Crowley.
Origins
The stele is a fairly typical example of a late Third Intermediate Period Theban offering stele
[3]
dating to the lateDynasty 25/early Dynasty 26.
[4]
It was discovered in 1854 as part of a large burial of priests of Montu at Dayral-Bahri, and included the coffin of the dedicant, Ankh-ef-en-Khonsu.
[5]
Text
The stele is painted on both faces with Egyptian texts, some of which are Chapter 91 of the Egyptian Book of theDead, while the back of the stele records eleven lines of text from Chapters 30 and 2.The text reads as follows.
Obverse
[A1]
 Beneath the Winged Solar Disk:
(He of) Behdet, the Great God, Lord of Heaven
 
Stele of Ankh-ef-en-Khonsu2[A2
 – 
A3]
 Above Re-Harakhty:
Re-Harakhty ("Re-Horus of the Two Horizons"), Chief of the Gods[A4
 – 
A8]
 Above Ankh-ef-en-Khonsu:
The Osiris, God's Servant of Montu, Lord of Waset, Opener of theDoor-leaves of Heaven in the Most Select of Places (
i.e.,
Karnak), Ankh-ef-en-Khonsu, <True of> Voice[A9]
 Beneath the offering table:
(1000s of) Bread and beer, cattle and fowl
 
Stele of Ankh-ef-en-Khonsu3[B1
 – 
B5] 
, the deceased), God's Servant of Montu, Lord of Waset, Opener of the Door-leaves of Heaven in the Most Select of Places (
i.e.,
Karnak), Ankh-ef-en-Khonsu,[B2] True of Voice: "O Exalted-one! may he be praised, Great of Manifestations, the great
 Ba
whom [B3] thegods fear, and who appears on his great throne, make the path of the
 Ba
, the
 Akh
, and the Shadow, for I amequipped so that (I) might shine therein [B4] (as) an equipped-one. Make for me the path to the place in whichRe, Atum, Khepri,
[6]
and Hathor are therein." The Osiris, God's Servant of Montu, Lord of Waset, [B5]Ankh-ef-en-Khonsu, <True of> Voice, son of the like titled Ba-sa-en-Mut, borne of the Chantress of Amun-Re, Lady of the House, Ta-nesh<et>.
[7]
Reverse
Replica of the reverse face of Cairo A 9422
[C1] Words spoken by the Osiris (
i.e.
, the deceased), God's Servant of Montu, Lord of Waset, Ankh-ef-en-[C2] Khonsu, True of Voice: "(O) my heart of my mother [2 times], (O) my heart while I existed [C3] upon

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