Every successful structure mustbe capable of reaching stableequilibrium under its appliedloads, regardless of structuralbehavior.Exact analysis of indeterminate structures involvescomputation of deflections andsolution of simultaneousequations. Thus, computer programs are typically used.
To eliminate the difficultiesassociated with exact analysis,preliminary designs of indeter-minatestructures are often basedon the results of approximateanalysis.
Approximate analysis is basedon introducing deformationand/or force distributionassumptions into a staticallyindeterminate structure, equalin number to degree of indeter-minacy, which maintains stableequilibrium of the structure
No assumptions inconsistentwith stable equilibrium areadmissible in any approximateanalysis
Uses of approximate analysis
planning phase of projects,when several alternative designsof the structure are usuallyevaluated for relative economy;
estimating the variousmember sizes needed to initiatean exact analysis;