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“UHT (ULTRA-HIGH TEMPERATURE) TECNOLOGY FOR PROCESSING OF LONG LIFE MILK A PROSPECT IN NEPAL.”

“UHT (ULTRA-HIGH TEMPERATURE) TECNOLOGY FOR PROCESSING OF LONG LIFE MILK A PROSPECT IN NEPAL.”

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Published by Ashok Acharya
Milk, UHT milk, Technology of Milk in Nepal, Possibilites of UHT Milk in Nepal
Milk, UHT milk, Technology of Milk in Nepal, Possibilites of UHT Milk in Nepal

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Published by: Ashok Acharya on Aug 06, 2010
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05/12/2014

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© Mr Ashok Acharya
, for the partial fulfillment of Undergraduate In Industrial Engineering, Tribhuwan University, Institute Of Engineering (IOE)Thapathali Campus,Thapathali,Kathmandu,Nepal
Page 1
Ashok Acharya 
For the Partial Fulfillment of Undergraduate In Industrial EngineeringTribhuwan University.Institute Of Engineering (IOE), Thapathali Campus,Thapathali,Kathmandu,Nepal.Comments me at: mail2ashokacharya@gmail.com,as666hok@yahoo.com. http://www.tcampus.comWeb source: ^^www.pdfsearchengine.com/UHT Dairy Technologyseminarpaperashokacharya/.pdf.
April 2010
 
© Mr Ashok Acharya
, for the partial fulfillment of Undergraduate In Industrial Engineering, Tribhuwan University, Institute Of Engineering (IOE)Thapathali Campus,Thapathali,Kathmandu,Nepal
Page 2
UHT (ULTRA-HIGH TEMPERATURE) TECNOLOGY FOR PROCESSING OF LONGLIFE MILK A PROSPECT IN NEPAL.
 
Ashok Acharya 
For the partial fulfillment ofUndergraduate in Industrial EngineeringInstitute of Engineering,Thapathali Campus,Kathmandu,Nepal
Abstract
Nepal is a geographically diversified country. Major percentages of the people areFarmers among them most of them consume locally produced milk from the cows thatthey raise in the farm. Most of the farmer people are involved in the milk production. As thegeographical condition of Nepal is diversified there is difference in the climatic condition ofNepal in the different regions; Hills and high mountain-86%, Terai plain-14%(
Shrestha,2007 
) of total area of Nepal. Among the three regions with elevation ranging from 60 m to8848m Mt.Everest
(Shrestha, 2007 
). There is vast Climatic diversity-diversity in habitat,plants and animals, Seasonal variation-rains in monsoon, snowfall in winter, hightemperature in summer, one season-different climate in different landscape of Nepal.These diversification gives the country different kind of Mammalian Animals, Among themthere are different milking Animals in Nepal as Cow, Buffalo, Sheep, Yak, Goat etc. Cowand Buffalo Milk is quite popular in the Nation. The milk cannot be kept for more than 4 to5 hours (
Bylund, 1986 
) at ambient temperature immediately after milking. Coolingequipments are not available in many parts of the Nepal and if available, which are notaffordable to these poor people. Milk preservation prior to distribution and sale is majorproblem in Nepal. The people are suffering a lot of problem in Animal husbandry for Milkproducts and the produced milk they even cannot consume all of them and not even theycan supply to different place within few hours. In case of the Urban Areas, people useindustrially produced milk from different private and government dairies. Most of the dairyproduct does not last for more than a day if not stored in Refrigerator. So no such milkproducts are available which remains fresh without refrigerating after few hours. The milkproducts that are found in Nepal could not be used more than a few days and some areexported from other county like China and India, As the milk products are pasteurized asmajor dairy companies in Nepal are producing pasteurized milk which last for few daysonly. If new and latest technology such as UHT (Ultra High Temperature) could be used in
Nepal then the milk products don‟t need any refrigeration and could be stored for more
 
© Mr Ashok Acharya
, for the partial fulfillment of Undergraduate In Industrial Engineering, Tribhuwan University, Institute Of Engineering (IOE)Thapathali Campus,Thapathali,Kathmandu,Nepal
Page 3
than 3 months but up to 10 months and there would be no burden to export from the othercountry.So, it is necessary to develop a new sciencitific and efficient method to overcome suchproblems. If low cost and highly effective technology for preservation of milk can beimplemented in country, it can be beneficial to the people as an opportunity. UHTtreatment
 
for milk, dairy material means the application of heat to a continuously flowingmilk or liquid dairy material using such high temperatures for such time that renders theproduct commercially sterile at the time of processing. When the UHT treatment iscombined with aseptic packaging, it results in a commercially sterile dairy product that issufficient to ensure that the product remains microbiologically stable after incubating,thereby reducing the spoiling of nutrients and has excellent keeping qualities and storedfor long period of time at ambient temperature. Aseptic packaging machines are veryexpensive and UHT milk depends entirely on it. There is a need to reduce its cost so thatUHT processing and packaging machine can be approachable to rural poor farmers inNepal.
Key Words:
UHT
,
Milk processing, Sterilization, Rural, sterilization.
Introduction
Milk is an ancient as mankind itself, as it is the substance created to feed the mammalianinfant. All species of mammals, from man to whales, produce milk for this purpose. The
first food man takes on birth, is a „treasure
 
trove‟ of more than 200 ingredients
 
(Kishor,2007),
many with many nutritional and functional property. The milk giving animals mostlyincludes cows (genus
Bos 
), buffaloes, sheep, goats, and camels, all of which are still usedin various parts of the world for the production of milk for human consumption. Milk alsoacts as raw materials for producing variety of products using it.At present there are huge binaries of the UHT products are used across the world,
 
TheUHT milk as a percentage of total consumption at present in different countries of theworld is shown in the next page:
 

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