© Mr Ashok Acharya
, for the partial fulfillment of Undergraduate In Industrial Engineering, Tribhuwan University, Institute Of Engineering (IOE)Thapathali Campus,Thapathali,Kathmandu,Nepal
than 3 months but up to 10 months and there would be no burden to export from the othercountry.So, it is necessary to develop a new sciencitific and efficient method to overcome suchproblems. If low cost and highly effective technology for preservation of milk can beimplemented in country, it can be beneficial to the people as an opportunity. UHTtreatment
for milk, dairy material means the application of heat to a continuously flowingmilk or liquid dairy material using such high temperatures for such time that renders theproduct commercially sterile at the time of processing. When the UHT treatment iscombined with aseptic packaging, it results in a commercially sterile dairy product that issufficient to ensure that the product remains microbiologically stable after incubating,thereby reducing the spoiling of nutrients and has excellent keeping qualities and storedfor long period of time at ambient temperature. Aseptic packaging machines are veryexpensive and UHT milk depends entirely on it. There is a need to reduce its cost so thatUHT processing and packaging machine can be approachable to rural poor farmers inNepal.
Milk processing, Sterilization, Rural, sterilization.
Milk is an ancient as mankind itself, as it is the substance created to feed the mammalianinfant. All species of mammals, from man to whales, produce milk for this purpose. The
first food man takes on birth, is a „treasure
trove‟ of more than 200 ingredients
many with many nutritional and functional property. The milk giving animals mostlyincludes cows (genus
), buffaloes, sheep, goats, and camels, all of which are still usedin various parts of the world for the production of milk for human consumption. Milk alsoacts as raw materials for producing variety of products using it.At present there are huge binaries of the UHT products are used across the world,
TheUHT milk as a percentage of total consumption at present in different countries of theworld is shown in the next page: