Internetworking Technology Overview, June 1999
3-2Figure3-1 WAN technologies operate at the lowest levels of the OSI model.
provides a single, preestablished WAN communications path from thecustomerpremisesthroughacarriernetwork,suchasatelephonecompany,toaremotenetwork.Apoint-to-pointlinkisalsoknownasaleasedlinebecauseitsestablishedpathispermanentandﬁxedfor each remote network reached through the carrier facilities. The carrier company reservespoint-to-point links for the private use of the customer. These links accommodate two types of transmissions:datagramtransmissions,whicharecomposedofindividuallyaddressedframes,anddata-stream transmissions, which are composed of a stream of data for which address checkingoccurs only once. Figure3-2 illustrates a typical point-to-point link through a WAN.
Figure3-2 A typical point-to-point link operates through a WAN to a remote network.
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