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Bohr's Atom Model

Bohr's Atom Model

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Published by Sandhya

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Published by: Sandhya on Sep 02, 2010
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09/02/2010

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Dhntt SGG!Vcwtgdt
MGT]NBDE AO DHATET] NVVYANDC
 Nb
ξ
+vny}gdhe mgyed}em }aznymt }ce deb}ye ao }ce budheut zghh kae dhate uv }a n mgt}nbde y
6
( zceye g}t lgbe}gd ebeyjw zghh nvveny nt }ce ehed}yat}n}gd va}eb}gnhebeyjw" ]ce mgt}nbde y
6
 
gt dnhhem }ce mgt}nbde ao dhatet} nvvyandc"He} –k‗ ie }ce kntt nbm –u‗ ie }ce ehadg}w ao }ce
ξ
+vny}gdhe mgyed}em }aznymt }ce deb}ye ao }cebudheut" ]ceb( lgbe}gd ebeyjw ao }ce
ξ
+vny}gdhe(
9
9>
ku E 
;
]ce dcnyje ab }ce
ξ
+vny}gdhe gt 9e nbm }cn} ab }ce budheut gt Pe" ]ce ehed}yat}n}gd va}eb}gnhebeyjw ao }ce
ξ
+vny}gdhe( zceb n} n mgt}nbde y
6
oyak }ce deb}ye ao }ce budheut gt jgeb iw+
66
9=>
 Pee E 
 v
;
φ ε 
 Nt ab yendcgbj }ce mgt}nbde ao dhatet} nvvyandc y
6
( }ce lgbe}gd ebeyjw ao 
ξ
+vny}gdhe nvvenyt nt }ce ehed}yat}n}gd va}eb}gnh ebeyjw( ze cne+
 v
 E 
;
Ay(
966
9>9=>
ku Pee
;
φ ε 
Ay(
9966
==>
ku Pe
;
φε 
]ce niae mgt}nbde knw ie utem }a dnhduhn}e }ce mgt}nbde ao dhatet} nvvyandc( zcgdc gt nvvyasgkn}ehw e~unh }a }ce ynmgut ao }ce budheut ao }ce n}ak"
IACY‗T N]AK KAMEH
Gb >7>4( Beght Iacy vyavatem n kameh ao nb n}ak intem ab }ce Vhnbdl*t ~unb}uk }ceayw ao ynmgn}gab" ]ce intgd vat}uhn}et ao Iacy*t }ceayw nye0
 Nb n}ak dabtgt}t ao n tknhh( cenghw vatg}gehw dcnyjem budheut zcgdc gt yetvabtgihe oay nhkat} }ce eb}gye kntt ao }ce n}ak"
]ce ehed}yabt yeahe nyaubm }ce budheut gb meogbg}e dgyduhny vn}ct dnhhem ayig}t"
]ce veykg}}em ayig}t nye }cate gb zcgdc }ce nbjuhny kakeb}uk ao }ce ehed}yab gt n zcahe bukiey kuh}gvhe ao 
φ  
9
c
( zceye c gt Vhnbdl‗t dabt}nb}"g"e"
φ 
9
cb H
;
( zceye –b‗ gt nb gb}ejey nbm gt dnhhem }ce vygbdgvnh ~unb}uk bukiey"Go –k‗ nbm –‗ nye }ce kntt nbm ehadg}w ao }ce ehed}yab gb n veykg}}em ayig} ao ynmgut –y‗( }ceb+
φ 
9
cbky 
;
+++++++++++++++++++++++ #>' Niae e~un}gab gt dnhhem }ce Iacy‗t ~unb}gpn}gab dabmg}gab"
 Zceb }ce ehed}yabt yeahe gb veykg}}em ayig}t #t}n}gabnyw ayig}t'( }cew ma ba} ynmgn}e ebeyjw"
]ce ebeyjw gt ynmgn}em( zceb nb ehed}yab `ukvt oyak cgjcey }a hazey ebeyjw ayig} nbm ebeyjw gt nitayiem( zceb g} `ukvt oyak hazey }a cgjceyebeyjw ayig}"Go 
  o  
 E 
nbm
g
 E 
nye }ce ebeyjget nttadgn}em zg}c }ce ayig}t ao vygbdgvnh ~unb}uk bukieyt
o  
b
nbm
g
b
yetved}gehw #
o  
b
2
g
b
'( }ce oye~uebdw ao ynmgn}gab ekg}}em gt jgeb iw+
  o  g
 E c
;
λ  
]ce niae e~un}gab gt dnhhem }ce Iacy‗t oye~uebdw dabmg}gab"
IACY‗T ]CEAYW AO CWMYAJEB N]AK
Cwmyajeb n}ak dabtgt}t ao budheut cngbj abe ubg} vatg}ge dcnyje nbm nb ehed}yab cngbj abe ubg} dcnyje yeahgbj nyaubm g} gb n dgyduhny ayig} nttcazb"Go ,e nbm —e nye }ce dcnyjet ab }ce budheut nbm }ce ehed}yab yetved}gehw nbm –y‗ gt }ce ynmgut ao }ce dgyduhny ayig}( }ceb}ce ehed}yat}n}gd oayde ao n}}ynd}gab ie}zeeb }ce budheut nbm }ce ehed}yab gt jgeb iw 
996
=>
e O 
;
φ ε 
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++TYCTT!96>6!N}akt nbm Budheg Vnje > ao ?Tnbmcwn"
 
Dhntt SGG!Vcwtgdt
Go –k‗ nbm –‗ nye }ce kntt nbm ehadg}w ao }ce ehed}yab gb }ce ayig}( }ce deb}ygve}nh oayde ye~ugyem iw }ce ehed}yab }a kae gb dgyduhny ayig} gt vyagmem iw }ce ehed}yat}n}gd oayde ao n}}ynd}gab ie}zeeb }ce budheut nbm }ce ehed}yab" ]ceyeoaye( oay }ce dgyduhny ka}gab ao }ce ehed}yab(
9969
=>
ek
;
φ ε 
Ay(
ek
969
=>
;
φ ε 
+++++++++++++++++++++++ #9'
 Nddaymgbj }a
 
Iacy‗t ~unb}gpn}gab dabmg}gab(
φ 
9
cbky 
;
 Ay(
kbc
φ  
9
;
++++++++++++++ #4'Vu}}gbj }ce nhue ao –‗ gb e~un}gab #9'( ze cne+
ekbck
969
=>9
;     
φ ε φ 
Ay(
99996
==
kecb
φ  φ ε 
;
 
++++++++++++++++++ #='
IACY‗T YNMGUT
0 ]ce ynmgut ao }ce gbbeykat} ayig} gb cwmyajeb n}ak gt dnhhem }ce Iacy‗t ynmgut nbm gt meba}em iw 
6
n
"
]ceyeoaye(
999966
=>=
kecn
φ  φ ε 
;
Te}}gbj(
>9976>74>4=
>67>=>6?">(>6>"7(>6?9"?
Ú;Ú;Ú;Ú;
knbm elj k @tc
φ ε 
( ze cne+
kn
>>6
>697"5
Ú;
+++++++++++++++++ #5'
Tveem ao ehed}yab0
Te}}gbj }ce nhue ao –y‗ jgeb iw e~un}gab #=' gb e~un}gab #4'( ze je}+
      ;;
9999699996
==>9==9
cbkekbckecbkbc
φ φ ε φ φ φ ε φ 
      ;
bce
96
9=>
φ φ ε 
 
++++++++++++++++++ #?'
Ebeyjw ao ehed}yab0
He}
 E 
nbm
 v
 E 
 ie }ce lgbe}gd nbm va}eb}gnh ebeyjw yetved}gehw ao }ce ehed}yab gb }ce b
}c
ayig} zcate ynmgut gt –y‗ jgeb iw e~un}gab #='" ]ceb(
9
9>
k E 
;
Utgbj e~un}gab #9'( niae e~un}gab iedaket(
e E 
9=>
96
;
φ ε 
Ehed}ygd va}eb}gnh ebeyjw ao }ce ehed}yab gt jgeb iw+
# '
eee E 
 v
966
=>=>
;;
φ ε φ ε 
]ce }a}nh ebeyjw ao }ce ehed}yab gb nb ayig} zcate ynmgut gt –y‗ gt jgeb iw+
 v
 E  E 
,;
ee
9=>=>
9696
,      ;
φ ε φ ε 
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++TYCTT!96>6!N}akt nbm Budheg Vnje 9 ao ?Tnbmcwn"
 
Dhntt SGG!Vcwtgdt
Ay(
e E 
9=>
96
;
φ ε 
+++++++++++++++++++++++ #:'Tuit}g}u}gbj }ce nhue ao –y‗ oyak e~un}gab #='( }ce ebeyjw ao }ce ehed}yab gb b
}c
ayig} gt jgeb iw+
      ;
9999696
==>9=>
cbkee E 
b
φ φ ε φ ε 
Ay(
99=996
9=>
cbk E 
b
φ φ 
;
++++++++++++++++++ #3' Nt }ce vygbdgvnh ~unb}uk bukiey b dnb cne nhuet >( 9( 4( =     }ce ehed}yab dnb cne abhw take mgtdye}e nhuet ao ebeyjw" G} gt dnhhem ebeyjw ~unb}gpn}gab"
]ynbtg}gab ao ehed}yab0
]ce bejn}ge tgjb gb e~un}gab #3' }ehht ut }cn} }ce ehed}yab nbm }ce budheut oayk n iaubm twt}ek" Go }ce ehed}yab cnt }a ieyekaem( ebeyjw kut} ie tuvvhgem"]ce ebeyjw t}n}e dayyetvabmgbj }a b;> gt dnhhem }ce JYAUBM T]N]E" T}n}et dayyetvabmgbj }a b;9( 4( =  "nye }ce esdg}em t}n}et"Go 
g
 E 
nbm
o  
 E 
nye }ce ebeyjget ao }ce ehed}yab gb }ce gbg}gnh ayig} ao vygbdgvnh ~unb}uk bukiey
g
b
nbm }ce ogbnh ayig} ao vygbdgvnh ~unb}uk bukiey
  o  
b
( }ceb+
99=996
9=>
cbk E
gg
φ φ 
;
 Nbm
99=996
9=>
cbk E 
 o  o 
φ φ 
;
 Zceb }ce ehed}yab `ukvt oyak }ce ayig}
g
b
}a ayig}
o  
b
( #
g
b
2
o  
b
'( }ce mgooeyebde gb ebeyjw nttadgn}em zg}c }cete ayig}t gt ekg}}em nt n vca}ab ao oye~uebdw 
λ 
( jgeb iw+
  o  g
 E c
;
λ  
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++TYCTT!96>6!N}akt nbm Budheg Vnje 4 ao ?Tnbmcwn"

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