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Beyond lawful constraints: Sri Lanka's mass detention of LTTE suspects

Beyond lawful constraints: Sri Lanka's mass detention of LTTE suspects

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Published by SriLanka Guardian
Surrendees' and 'rehabilitees' in Sri Lanka: ICJ Report addresses concerns arising from what may be the largest mass administrative detention anywhere in the world

By International Commission of Jurists

Summary of Human Rights Concerns

The Government of Sri Lanka’s ‘surrendee’ and ‘rehabilitation’ regime combines measures to address the ‘surrender’ of former combatants, screening for security threats, rehabilitation, and criminal prosecutions. Each of these areas of law and policy contain measures that violate the right to liberty and security of the person (ICCPR, art. 9), the right to due process and fair trial (ICCPR, art. 14), and the rights of the child. They also risk violation of the prohibition against enforced disappearance, torture and other illtreatment, and extrajudicial killing.
Surrendees' and 'rehabilitees' in Sri Lanka: ICJ Report addresses concerns arising from what may be the largest mass administrative detention anywhere in the world

By International Commission of Jurists

Summary of Human Rights Concerns

The Government of Sri Lanka’s ‘surrendee’ and ‘rehabilitation’ regime combines measures to address the ‘surrender’ of former combatants, screening for security threats, rehabilitation, and criminal prosecutions. Each of these areas of law and policy contain measures that violate the right to liberty and security of the person (ICCPR, art. 9), the right to due process and fair trial (ICCPR, art. 14), and the rights of the child. They also risk violation of the prohibition against enforced disappearance, torture and other illtreatment, and extrajudicial killing.

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Published by: SriLanka Guardian on Sep 27, 2010
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01/27/2015

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 ICJ Briefing NoteSeptember 2010
Beyond Lawful Constraints:Sri Lanka’s Mass Detention of LTTE Suspects
 
SRI LANKA: THE RIGHTS OF ‘SURRENDEES’ AND ‘REHABILITEES’
 
2
 
SRI LANKA: THE RIGHTS OF ‘SURRENDEES’ AND ‘REHABILITEES’
 
3
Table of Contents
 I
 
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
.........................................................................................5
 
II
 
BACKGROUND
.........................................................................................................8
 
A
 
C
IRCUMSTANCES SURROUNDING ARREST
......................................................................8
B
 
H
OW MANY DETAINEES ARE THERE
?
................................................................................9
C
 
W
HAT HAPPENS IN THE
SURRENDEE
CAMPS
?
..........................................................11
D
 
L
EGAL AND
P
OLICY
F
RAMEWORK
.................................................................................13
III
 
APPLICABLE LAW
...............................................................................................17
 
A
 
I
NTERNATIONAL
H
UMAN
R
IGHTS
L
AW
......................................................................18
i.
 
The Right to Liberty and Security
.................................................................................18
 
ii.
 
Administrative/ Preventive Detention
.......................................................................21
 
B
 
V
IOLATIONS OF
I
NTERNATIONAL
L
AW AND
S
TANDARDS
.....................................25
i.
 
Detainees as security threats
...........................................................................................25 
 
ii.
 
Detainees as ‘surrendees’ and ‘rehabilitees’
..............................................................28
 
a.
 
‘Surrender’
...................................................................................................................28
 b.
 
‘Rehabilitation’
..........................................................................................................29
c.
 
Indefinite detention for investigation and charges
.................................31
d.
 
Vague and overbroad legal grounds for criminal charges
.................33
iii.
 
Rights of children
...............................................................................................................35 
 
C
 
S
UMMARY OF
H
UMAN
R
IGHTS
C
ONCERNS
................................................................36
i.
 
Clear and transparent legal framework for surrendees and rehabilitees
.........36
 
ii.
 
Procedural safeguards need to be put in place
.........................................................36
 
iii.
 
Need for an independent monitoring agency with a protection mandate
....38
 
IV
 
RECOMMENDATIONS
.....................................................................................39
 
A
 
T
O THE
S
RI
L
ANKAN
G
OVERNMENT
.............................................................................39
i.
 
Voluntariness of surrender and rehabilitation
..........................................................39
 
ii.
 
Due process rights
..............................................................................................................39
 
iii.
 
Children
.................................................................................................................................39
 
iv.
 
Amnesty
.................................................................................................................................39
 
B
 
T
O THE
S
RI
L
ANKAN
P
ARLIAMENT AND
G
OVERNMENT
........................................40
C
 
T
O THE
D
ONOR
C
OMMUNITY AND THE
U
NITED
N
ATIONS
..................................40

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