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Mediterranean Campaign (1942)

Mediterranean Campaign (1942)

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Published by CAP History Library

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: CAP History Library on Sep 30, 2010
Copyright:Public Domain


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Office of the Commander-in-ChiefHEADQUARTERS MEDITERRANEAN ALLIED AIR FORCESA.P.O. 65027 February 1945SUBJECT: Air Power in the Ifediterranean.TO : Group and Wing Commanders,Mediterranean Allied Air Forces.1. At the suggestion of the Assistant Chief of StaffIntelligence, Headquarters, Army Air Forces this series ofbrief studies covering the history and the principal tasksof "Air Power in the Ifediterranean" has been prepared by theHistorical Section, Headquarters, M.A.A.F.
Originally these papers were to be used as aconvenient and quick reference on M.A.A.F. to acquaintinterested persons, such as student officers and instructorsat A.A.F. training establishments, with some of the commitmentsof our units and how these have been discharged. Included alsowas a statement on the enemy.3* When I read the completed studies it occurred to methat they might be of interest to Group and Wing Commanders.This folder has therefore been reproduced for your use.4* M.A.A.F. today is an organization of over a quartermillion officers and men, wearing several uniforms, flying thirtytypes of aircraft, widely scattered geographically and engaged ina variety of tasks. I believe all of us will benefit by keepingan over-all perspective of the past achievements and presentassignments of this great aggregation of air power.5. The inclosed material is unclassified.
IRA C. EAKERLieutenant General, U.S.A.Commanding
CONDENSED SUMMARY OF AIR FORGES ACTIVITYIN THE MEDITERRANEAN THEATREThe successive achievements of the Air Forces in this Theatre which are listedbelow combine to illustrate the following three outstanding features in theiroperations:
They have carried on, practically simultaneously, the widest variety ofcombat air activities, - including six major amphibious operations,strategic bombing, ground support, interdiction of enemy communications,convoy protection, rear defense and supply dropping to Partisan formations.
Through their thoroughness and enterprise they have innovated and estab"" lished methods particularly in the field of tactical operations which havebeen of value in all our Theatres of War.
They have maintained a combined Allied command, the success of the operations having reflected the harmony of the combined direction and theefficiency which has resulted by reason of an assignment of aircraft byfunction rather than by nationality.A selection of the more significant achievements of these Air Forces wouldinclude:au The establishment of air superiority in North Africa in February, 1943
The interdiction of German supply lines to Tunisia.
The close support accorded to our armies during the last phase of theNorth African campaign.d. The reduction of Pantelleria.
The destruction of enemy air forces in Sicily,f. The reduction of enemy air opposition to our landings at Salerno, Anzio andin Southern France, On the first two occasions, in addition, soon afterthe landings, a major crisis was turned in our favor by a mass air attackagainst enemy concentration,.
The offensive against the Ploesti oilfields,h. Participation with the 8th Air Force in destroying the German airplaneindustry.
Operation "Strangle", - the systematic cutting of enemy lines of communication, an operation which played a large part in winning the battle of Rome,and the advance into Umbria and Tuscany.^. A large role in convoy defense and the anti-submarine war in theMediterranean.k. A programme of supply dropping to the Partisan formations in Yugoslavia,France, Northern Italy and Poland, and cooperation with the Russian forcesin SE Europe.For a more detailed account of these activities see Appendices as listed onthe next page.

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