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Table Of Contents

I could have wished that this subject had been taken up
But in any case I have found my reward in the delight
Buddhist Canon as it is found in China. It is well known
2 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
4 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
Sang-teh or Santi Temples in the neighbourhood of that
6 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
East and West during the whole period from Alexander
Pratimoksha (a work dating from b.c.)^ are in their general
10 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
12 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
Bodhisatwas ; and the appearance of these Buddhas and
Bodhisatwas in the world or system over which Sakya
14 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
16 A CATENA OF BUDPHTRT
Muni Tathagata is the fourth Buddha of this Kalpa. This
18 A CATENA OP BUDDHIST
Buddha having
20 A CATENA OV BUDDHIST
22 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
24 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
26 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
28 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
30 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
32 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
And hence it is argued " the fundamental principles of both
34 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
Simply what its former karma has made it. And what
Jambunada." Its height is twenty yojanas.^ From the ex-
3G A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
The AbidhaT-ma says they eat fleshy and kill living animal?^;
38 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
40 A CATENA OP BFDDHIST
ON THE KAEMA THAT LEADS TO BIRTH TN THESE WORLDS
42 A CATENA OF CUDDHIST
" Buddha thus addressed
44 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
THE NINE MOUNTAIN GIRDLES AND THE EIGHT SEAS
Tsin-wou-chu (no residue) ; wherever the splendour of this
ON THE CAUSES OF EARTHQUAKES
When Bodhisatwa descends from the Tusita Heavens to be
ON THE LAND OF THE NAGA RAJAHS
6. The Lau-Tan Sutra says—'' To the North of Mount
There are five sorts of Dragons: 1. Serpent-dragons;
Again it is said that Anavatapta Naga Rajah raises the
ON THE COUNTRY OF THE GAEUDAS OR GOLDEN-WINGED BIRDS
These birds eat all the four kinds of Dragons
ON THE COUNTRY OP THE ASURAS.'^
52 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
ON THE WAR OP THE ASURAS WITH THE DEVAS
Great Asuras issued his orders for his subjects to assemble
Rajah; this the Imperial Elephant Airavana caught with
ON THE BODILY SIZE 01' DIFFERENT BEINGS
56 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
ON THE GENERAL NAMES FOB HELL
Another Siitra says r " Outside all the mountain-kings
" One day and night in the Sand-
Again there is another called the Great Avitchi^ (Maha-
THE DIFFERENT SORTS OR MARKS OF PUNISHMENT,
62 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
Then he undergoes unutterable suffering ; during a great
Outside the iron mountains of every pair of Sakwalas are
The greatest breadth is a hundred and sixty thousand
ON EMERGING FROM THE NARAEAS
ON THE ABODE OF KING JEMMA
There are innumerable kinds of Pretas. Those who dwell in
Deva (Surya Deva) is ornamented (perfected) with gold and
The Moon Dcva with the Devis occupy this palace and en-
ON THE VARIABLE SPLENDOUR OF SUN AND MOON
East and West it seems to be in its middle course. At this
72 A CATENA OK BUDDHIST
(Sudarsana) ; on the West a city called Tcheou-lo (Tchura
He commissions the Gandharvas and Pisatchas to defend
Devarajah.^ He commissions the Nagas and the Putanas
Over the Northern region rules Vaisravana (the renowned)
" On being first born as a
AN ACCOUNT OF THE THIRTY-THREE HEAVENS (tEAYASTRINSHAS)
There is a Yaksha spirit called Vadjrapani who keeps
The abode of Sakra rajah consists of a city with 500
76 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
Sakra of the good or evil going on in the world ; on the
Kings in person does so ; they observe how far virtue is on
78 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
Gods) ; and because of his family he was called Kusika f
At the time when a Deva is about to be born in this
The Dirghag-ama Sutra says : " Whatever follower of
" The reward of those who wash
Heavens. 2—Food that is partaken of by contact only
3—The Nirmana-rati Heaven, because the Devas derive
The Lau-Tan Sutra says •} ^^Between the KamaLoka and
(dhyana). This is the world where those seek their reward
92 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
It is only in the Rupa and Kama Lokas that such things
100 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
Heavens."^
ON THE KALPA OF PERFECTION OR RENOVATION (VIVARTA KALPA)
" The Great Chiliocosm is
Buddha will be born in the world. And so at the appointed
Through a hundred thousand myriad years the water from
ON THE KALPA OP ESTABLISHMENT
110 A CATENA OV BUDDHIST
112 A CATENA OF BUDDHTST
And so twenty small Kalpas elapse. During each of these
ON THE KALPA OF DECADENCE (SAMVARTTA KALPa)
GENERAL SUMMARY.^
Buddhas. What do we know of these? According to the
THE PURE LANDS OF THE EASTERN REGION
THE PURE LAND OF THE WESTERN REGIONS
118 A CATENA OF nUDPTIIST
ON THE TRUE CAUSE OF BIRTH IN THAT LAND,
120 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
A GENERAL SUMMARY OF THE SUBJECT
Paradise of Sukhavati. [And so towards each of the Ten
ON THE NAMES OP THE GREAT NUMBERS USED IN BUDDHIST
CONCERNING THE INFINITE EXPANSE OF THE UNIVERSE
124- A CATEXA OF BUDDHIST
But now it may be asked " From what cause then did
But because from the very firsts all sentient creatures have
130 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
THE LEGEND OP SAKYA PROM THE CHINESE
Tathagata. With respect to the essentially^ pure and uni-
And now came the taking his horoscope ! See how the
132 A CATENA OF BFDDHIST
Sakra to the heavenly mansions were enshrined in a sacred
134 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
136 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
He entered and passed through all the modes of Dhyana in
Then both Devas and men uttered cries of lamentation !
The idea vmderlying the Buddhist religious system is simply
144 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
There are three ways in which his apprehension of such
Religion is to live without fear and to die without hope."
Worship as it is illustrated in almost every plate throughout
150 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
Tai school. " The two powers. Wisdom and Sentiment
152 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
But it is also said that the Buddhist can have no real hope
154 A CATENA OP BUDDHIST
In a Chinese glossary appended to the Breviary of the
Who is your masterV
There is another allusion to the primitive Doctrine of Bud-
Man in his Natural condition) ; whereas the true master of
A similar sentiment occurs in the following Gathas taken
162 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
Nirvana of the Great Vehicle (Maha yana Mahaparinir-
"birth nor death" (wou sang sso). There is another
1 74 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
Tathagata remained silent. And so a second and a third
176 A CATENA or BUDDHIST
Sena replied: True! true! world-honour'd one! your teach-
Buddha replied: "Well come! O Bikshu ! And so he ob-
SCEIHURES FROM THE CHINESE. 181
182 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
"Illustrious youth! Tathagata speaks exactly so as to the
Good ! good ! speak as you please. World-honour'd one !
186 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
183 A CATENA OF DUDBHIST
]90 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
Pratycka Buddha : to feed such by the thousand myriad is
17. Buddha said: Let one behold heaven and earth, and
198 A CATENA OV BUDDHIST
Love (I'elating to women and children) endures misery
200 A CATENA OF BDDDHIST
202 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
If a man consorting with me does not conform his life to my
So my doctrines (Sutras) are sweet throughout : the system
All the great Bikshus having heard the words of Buddha
204 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
THE PEATIMOKSHA
20r> A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
INTRODUCTORY GATHAS
In the hearing of the assembly I repeat it
Has it been observed ? What joy ! Has it been neglected ?
What dismay !
Are the Priests assembled ? (They are.) Are all things
Venerable brethren (Bhante) attend now ! On this 15th
Brethren ! I now proceed to recite the 13 Sang-ka-
THE THIETEEN SANGHADISESA KULES
10. If a Bikshu, wishing to break the harmony among
214 A CATENA OP BUDDHIST
216 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
"Excellent householder! purchase such and such a robe
" Excellent Sirs ! I pray you purchase such and such pieces
218 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
220 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
25. If a priest having first of all given a garment to
11. If a Bikshu destroy the abodes of disembodied spirits,
A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
20. If a Bikshu is making (or causing to be made) a door
26. If a Bikshu occupy a covered place, in company with
28. If a Bikshu agree to accompany a Bikshuni in a boat,
22-1. A CATENA OF DUPDHIST
46. If a Bikshu conversing with a priest,^ speak in this
226 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
61. If a Bikshu purposely take away the life of any animal,
63. If a Biksliu is wilfully angry with another Bikshu,
65. A man fully twenty years of age may be permitted to
68. If a Bikshu speak in this way: ^'I know with respect
228 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
71. If a Bikshu, at a time when the other Bikshus are
74. If a Bikshu, after having attended a regularly con-
75. If a Bikshu, because a matter has been decided by
230 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
80. If a Bikshu, because he is angry and out of temper
89. If a Bikshu make a rain-washing cloth,^ its medium
232 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
10. Not to sit down in a layman's house in the same
234 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
16. Not toenter a layman's house swinging the arms about
18. To have the body well covered on entering a layman's
24. Not to enter a layman's house joking or laughing
30. To eat in a regular manner.^
34. Not to feel envy or anger because another priest has
38. Not to speak with rice in the mouth
48. Not to fling about the water with which the rice-
53. Not to preach to a man whose robes are neghgently
54. Not to preach to a man whose head is covered,
56. Not to preach to a man with a crooked neck (holdino-
236 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
60. Not to live within a pagoda (Fuh-Tah), except to
67. Not to eat underneath a pagoda, spreading out on
70. Not to burn a corpse or coffin under a pagoda
74. Not to ease nature beneath a pagoda
75. Nor to do so looking towards one
78. Not to clean the teeth under a pagoda
81. Not to spit or cry beneath a pagoda
82. Nor in going toward a pagoda
86. Not to preach on behalf of a man who is sitting
90. Nor will I preach to anyone going before me, except
91. Nor will I preach to anyone going along a higher
92. Nor will I preach to anyone who is going along a
93. Not to join hands when walking along the road
96. A man holding a staff ought not to have the Law
238 A CATENA OF BUDDHrST
(Sekhiya damraa) ; I now ask you all if this assembly is
Tsang laws (adhikarana-samata) ; I now demand of you all
Is this assembly pure? [three times]. Brethren! this
" secret words/^ are taken from the "Dharmagupta"^ school;
240 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
242 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
12. On worshipping a Tope (pagoda) say:
244 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
246 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
The system of Chi-kai was founded on the principles
The argument maintained here was that all systems were
The Buddhist said that his heart was the Supreme. Your
He then said that Buddha was Supreme. He was asked
250 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
252 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
254 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
25G A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
SCRIPTURES FROM THE CTIINESR. 257
258 A CATENA OF BUDDHtST
Eajah was born in his enemy's country as a mistress in the
262 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
The third hindrance is slothful indolence. The darkness
264 A CATENA OV BUDDHIST
The sorrow which we have just mentioned. (2.) Sorrow
This unbelief obscuring the mind^ thet-e can be no hearty-
(Law of Buddha). We may compare the case of such a man
2G6 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
4. HARMONISING (tHE FACULTIES)
section then proceeds to speak of the evil consequences of
The next requirement is to straighten the body. Having
On emerging* from Samadhi, a man ought first to scatter
274 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
2. PRAJNA PARAMITA SUTRAS
27G A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
The same difficulty presented itself to the Buddhist writers
I declare cannot be explained in words. Subhuti ! that
(dharmaj means a condition of being or existence^ we here
The concluding words of the same work are to like pur-
The Chinese explanation of the phrase is simply " wisdom
278 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
Hiouen Thsang as an Introduction to his work. It is found
Maha-prajna-paramita hridaya-Sutra.^ Whether this brief
280 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
282 A CATENA OP BUDDHIST
3. THE MAHA-PRAJNA-PARAMITA-HEIDAYA-SUTRA
When the Prajna Paramita has been fully practised, then
284 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
Therefore we know that this Prajna Paramita is the Great
3. THE SURAHGAMA^ SUTRA
Mr. Brian Hodgson also refers once to the Chouraiigama
286 A CATENA OP BUDDHIST
288 A CATENA OP BUDDHIST
294 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
29G A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
298 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
300 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
302 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
61. " Ananda, you said just now that you saw my shining
306 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
308 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
(KlODEN II.)
310 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
The Rajah answered : World-honoured one ! this change is secret
314 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
316 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
818 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
Ananda addressed Buddha and said : World-honoured
320 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
Buddha replied : Now what you say about the power of
322 A CATENA OV BUDDHIST
324 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
330 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
86. " Ananda addressed Buddha and said : World-honoured
332 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
87. "Ananda addressed Buddha and said: World-honoured
334 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
336 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
106. "Ananda! the Nature of wind is thatit has no materialbasis,
342 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
129. "Oh ! would that now we might obtain the fruit and per-
" KlOUEN IV
346 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
4-8 A CATENA OV BUDDHIST
350 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
Buddha addressed Ananda : Although you have got rid
So the man who has obtained Bodhi is like one awakening
" Oh ! would that in your great pity to me you would open out
54. " If you say that the head, which was his own and self-
358 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
86. "Ananda said: What does the World-honoured one mean
Nearly all the works published during this period are attri-
372 A CATEXA OF BUDDHIST
Buddhist Universe^ which was taking place about the time
"inner self"—this is the mystic form of the Belief. The
374 A CATENA OP BUDDHIST
Chau says in exhorting to faith
" What you have said about Faith
" Thus it is with one voice we are exhorted to fix the mind
380 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
3. THE WORSHIP OF KWAN-YIN
Sanscrit original " Avalokiteshwara." Without doubt the
Avalokiteshwara was regarded with much reverence at
The Sutra then proceeds
" Deliverer" or the " Rescuer"; and he is said to have
4. KWAN-SHAI-YIN-PUH-SAH-PHO-MUN
"At this time the Bodhisatwa Akchayamati immediately
300 A CATKNA OF BUDDHIST
Kwan-shai-yin Bodhisatwa will send and procure deliver-
392 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
Extremely great ! replied Akchaymati
Then Akchayamati Bodhisatwa addressing Buddha said :
Bodhisatwa Kwan-shai-yin; then loosening from his neck
Then Akchayainati Bodhisatwa commenced the following
14. If a man were surrounded by evil beasts, possessed
15. (Were a man surrounded by) venomous snakes, (or
At this time Daranimdhara Bodhisatwa risino- from his
Whatever persons throughout the entire world listen to this
For this purpose he has enunciated the Divine sentences
The days appointed for worship and for reciting the
Hail diffusive lucense-Cloud !^
Revolving thus unhindered they unite in one harmonious
From this it appears we may justly regard the period as
412 A CATENA OP BUDDHIST
2. RECITATION OP THE DHARANI OF TCHUNDI.'^
(diamond) mode of session. The hands placed openly one
Here follow the Gathas of Nagardjuna Bodhisatwa (to
The Dharani of Manjusri Bodhisatwa for protecting
Om ! Svar (tsai-ling). (To be repeated twenty-one times)
On my face I worship thee, Oh Sakti ! I invoke thee and
Buddhist works will find this Sutra in the list of those
Chiliocosm or Sahalokadhatu] ; but the glorious circle-
Thus have I heard : once on a time Buddha was dwell-
420 A CATENA OF BUDDHIST
" Such were the chief Nagas assembled on this occasion
" Then in the midst of the assembly there was one Dragon
" Then the world-honoured one addressed this mighty
" On this Buddha immediately complied, and recited them
428 GENERAL INDEX
GENERAL INDEX. 429
430 GENERAL INDEX
432 INDEX OF PROPER NAMES
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catena of buddhist scriptures samuel beal

catena of buddhist scriptures samuel beal

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