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Momentum and Impulse
The momentum of a particle of mass
moving with velocity
. It is a vector quantity likevelocity and is measured in Newton-seconds (N s).
Find the magnitude of the momentum possessed by a car of 750kg moving with a speed of
When dealing with momentum it is very important that you have the correct units, rememberthat mass is in kg and velocity is in
If the velocity of a body changes from
, then logically we must assume that themomentum of the body will change. Then change in momentum can be quantified (measured)by finding the initial momentum,
and the final momentum,
Find the change in momentum of a body of mass 4kg when its speed changes from:I.
in the same direction.II.
in the opposite direction.When dealing with questions like this it always useful to sketch diagrams to illustrate themathematical concept.I.
In this example we consider movement to the right to be positive, although it’s notimportant in this example it will in the next.
initial momentum4416 N s
inal momentum4728 N s
Therefore the change in momentum is
12 N s